Hada (हाडा) Hada (हाड़ा) Hara (हाड़ा) Hand (हांड) is gotra of Jats found in Rajasthan, Punjab and Pakistan. Hara/Haro clan is also found in Afghanistan. Hara is found in Northern Districts of Sindh, Pakistan. Hara is branch of Chauhans who gave name to Harawati.
- 1 Origin
- 2 Genealogy of Manakrao
- 3 History
- 4 Menal Inscription of Hara (Chohans) S. 1446 (1389 AD)
- 5 Distribution in Punjab
- 6 Distribution in Rajasthan
- 7 Distribution in Uttar pradesh
- 8 Distribution in Pakistan
- 9 History
- 10 Notable persons
- 11 External links
- 12 References
Genealogy of Manakrao
Anhal → → → Ajaipal (Maheshwar - Ajmer) → Pirthi Pahar (had 24 sons) → Manika Rae (lord of Ajmer and Sambhur, S. 741 = AD.685) → Lot → Harsharaja (S. 812 = AD 755) → Dujgan-deo (Bhatner) → Eleven princes from Manakrao to Visaladeva (A.D. 1153-1163) → → → Prithvi Raj (1149–1192 CE) (39th from Anhal)
Visaladeva → Anuraj (Hansi) (d.1022 AD) → Ishtpal (Hansi: 1025 AD) (founder of Haras) → Chandkarn → Lok Pal → Rao Hamir (+ Gambbir) → Kalkurna → Mah Mugd → Rao Bacha → Rao Chand (Asir) → Rainsi (Asir) → Kolun (+Kankal) → Bango → Rao Dewa (S. 1398 = A.D. 1342) (Bundi founded) →
Samarsi → Napuji → Hamuji (S. 1440) → Birsing → Biru (d. S. 1526) → Rao Bando (famine in S. 1542 = A. D. 1486) → Narayandas → Rao Surajmal (S. 1590 = A.D. 1534) → Soortan (S. 1591 = A.D. 1535) → Nirboodh (son of Rao Bando) →Rao Arjun → Soorjun (S. 1689 = A.D. 1633) →
Koolun → Jaipal (=Bango) → Deva-Raj (Bundi:S. 1398 = A.D. 1342) → Hara-Raj (Bumaoda) → Ritpal → Kelhan → Kuntal (+ young brother Deda-Raj) → Rao Mahadeva (S. 1446 = 1389 AD) → Durjan (=Jiva-raj) + Subatsal+ Kumbhakarn
Recapitulation of the Hara princes from the founder Anuraj to Rae Dewa: James Tod writes that Having sketched the history of this race, from the regeneration of Anhal, the first Chohan to the establishment of the first Hara prince in Bundi, we shall here recapitulate the most conspicuous princes, with their dates, is established by synchronical events in the annals of other states, or by inscriptions ; and then proceed with the history of the Haras as members of the great commonwealth of India.
James Tod writes that Rao Bando's two youngest brothers, urged by the temptation of power, abandoned their faith, and with the aid of the royal power expelled him from [[Bundi[[, where, under their new titles of Samarcandi and Umurcandi, they jointly ruled eleven years.
Rao Bando retired to Matoonda, in the hills, where he died after a reign of twenty-one years, and where his cenotaph still remains. He left two1 sons, Ist, Narayndas, and 2d, Nir-Boodh, who had Matoonda.
We found many inscriptions at Mahanal, and of one I shall here insert a free translation, as it may be applied hereafter to the correction of the chronology of the Haras, of which race it contains a memorial.
By Asapurana1 (the fulfiller of our desires) the kuladevi2 (tutelary goddess) of the race, by whose favour hidden treasures are revealed, and through whose power many Chohan kings have ruled the earth, of which race was Bhaonrd'hun;3 who in the field of strife attained the desires of victory. Of his race was the tribe of Hara, of which was Koolun4 of illustrious and pure descent in both races ; whose fame was fair as the rays of the moon. From him was Jypal5 who obtained the fruits of the good works of his former existence in the present garb of royalty ; and whose subjects prayed they might never know another sovereign. From him was Deva-raj,6 the lord of the land, who gave whatever was desired, and whose wish was to render mankind happy. He delighted in the dance and the song. His son was Hur-raj 7 whose frame was a piece of fire ; who, in the field of battle, conquered renown from the princes of the land [bhom-eswar], and dragged the spoils of victory from their pinnacled abodes.
From him were the lords of Bumaoda,8 whose land yielded to them its fruits. From Deva-raj was Rit-pal 9 who made the rebellious bow the head, or trod them under foot, as did Capila the sons of Sagara. From him was Kelhan, the chief of his tribe, whose son Koontul resembled Dhermaraj : he had a younger brother, called Deda. Of his wife, Rajuldevi, a son was born to Koontul, fair as the offspring of the ocean.10 He was named Mahadeva. He was [in wisdom] fathomless as the sea, and in battle immovable as Soomeru ; in gifts he was the Calpa-vricsha of Indra. He laid the dust raised by the hoofs of hostile steeds, by the blood of his foe. The sword grasped in his extended arm dazzled the eye of his enemy, as when uplifted o'er the head of Umi Shah he rescued the Lord of Medpat, and dragged Kaitah from his grasp, as is Chandra from Rahoo.11 He trod the Sooltan's army under foot, as does the ox the com ; even as did the Danoos (demons) churn the ocean, so did Mahadeva the field of strife, seizing the gem (rutna) of victory from the son of the King, and bestowing it on Kaitah, the lord of men. From the centre even to the skirts of space, did the fame of his actions extend, pure as curdled milk. He had a son, Doorjun, on whom he bestowed the title of Jiva-raj12 (Jeojraj), who had two brothers, Soobut-sal and Cumbhacarna13
Here, at Mahanal, the lord of the land, Mahadeva, made a mindra, in whose variously-sculptured wall this treasure (the inscribed tablet) is concealed. This (the temple) is an epitome of the universe, whose pinnacle (sikra) sparkles like a gem. The mind of Mahadeva is bent on devotion in Mahanal, the emblem of Kylas, where the Brahmins perform varied rites. While the science of arms endures, may the renown of Mahadeva never perish ;14 and until Ganges ceases to flow, and Soomeru to be immovable, may this memorial of Mahadeva abide fixed at Mahanal.
This invocation to Mahadeva was made by Mahadeva, and by the Brahmin Dhuneswar, the dweller in Chutturkote (Cheetore), was this prashiskta composed :
" The month of Bysak (soodi), the seventh. By Viradhwul, the architect (silpi), learned in the works of architecture (sipla-sastra), was this temple erected."
|Menal Inscription of Hara (Chohans) S. 1446 (1389 AD) |
Comments by James Tod:
- 1. Asa is literally, 'Hope.'
- 2. Goddess of the race, pronounced cool
- 3. 'The wealth of the bee ;' such are the metaphorical appellations amongst the Rajpoots.
- 4. This is the prince who crawled to Kedarnat'h (see p. 421), and son of Rainsi, the emigrant prince from Aser, who is perhaps here designated as 'the wealth of the bee.' This was in S. 1353, or A.D. 1297.
- 5. Jypal ('fosterer of victory') must be the prince familiarly called " Bango" in the annals (p. 422,) and not the grandson but the son of Koolun— there said to have taken Mynal or Mahanal.
- 7. Hur-raj, elder son of Dewa, became lord of Bumaoda, by the abdication of his father, who thenceforth resided at his conquest at Boondi — See p. 425.
- 8. Hur-raj had twelve sons, the eldest of whom, the celebrated Aloo Hara, succeeded to Bumaoda. See note, p. 422.
- 9. Here we quit the direct line of descent, going back to Dewa. Rit-pal, in all probability, was the offspring of one of the twelve sons of Hur-raj, having Mynal as a fief of Bumaoda.
- 10. In the original, "fair as Chanderma (the moon), the offspring of Samudra "(the ocean)." In Hindu mythology, the moon is a male divinity, and son of the ocean, which supplies a favourite metaphor to the Bardai, — the sea expanding with delight at the sight of his child, denoting the ebb and flow of the waters.
- 11. This Umi Shah can only be the Pathan emperor Humayoon, who enjoyed a short and infamous celebrity and Mahadeo, the Hara prince of Mahanal, who takes the credit of rescuing prince Kaitsi, must have been one of the great feudatories, perhaps generalissimo of the armies of Mewar (Medpat), it will be pleasing to the lovers of legendary lore to learn, from a singular tale, which we shall relate when we get to Bumaoda, that if on one occasion he owed his rescue to the Hara, the last on another took the life he gave ; and as it is said he abdicated in favour of his son Doorjun, whom he constituted Jiva-raj, or king (raj), while he was yet in life (jiva) it is not unlikely that, in order to atone for the crime of treason to his sovereign lord, he abandoned the gadi of Mynal.
- 12. Here it is distinctly avowed that Mahadeva', having constituted his son Jiva-raj, passed his days in devotion in the temple he had founded.
- 13. Pronounced Koombkurun, ' a ray of the Cumbha,' the vessel emblematic of Ceres, and elsewhere described.
- 14. It appears he did not forget he had been a warrior.
The cryptographic date, contained in the above four words, is not the least curious part of this inscription, to which I did not even look when composing the Boondi annals, and which is another of the many powerful proofs of the general fidelity of their poetic chronicles.
Arga is the sun, and denotes the number 12 ; goon is the three principal passions of the mind ; and Chandra and Indu each stand for one : thus,
Arga, Goon, Chandra, Indu,
12. 3. 1. 1.
and this " concealed (goopta) treasure," alluded to in the inscription, must be read backwards. But either my expounder, or the silpi, was out, and had I not found S. 1446 in a corner, we should never have known the value of this treasure. Many inscriptions are useless from their dates being thus enigmatically expressed ; and I subjoin, in a note, a few of the magic runes, which may aid others to decipher them.†
- † Indu (the moon).... 1
- Pukheo (the two fortnights).... 2
- Netra (the three eyes of Siva).... 3
- Veda (the four holy books).... 4
- Sur (the five arrows of Camdeo, or Cupid).... 5
- Sest (the six seasons, of two months each).... 6
- Juludhee (the seven seas, or Samoodras).... 7
- Sid'h.... 8
- Nid'h (the nine planet.... 9
- Dig (the ten comers of the globe) 10
- Roodra (a name of Siva).... 11
- Arga (the sun).... 12
- Anhul, Nund, Ind, Ind.
- 3. 9. 1. 1.
Anhul (fire) stands for three, denoting the third eye of Mahadevs, which is eventually to cause pralaya, or ' destruction.' Nund stands for nine, or the no-nund of their ancient histories. Indu, the moon, (twice repeated,) is one, and the whole, read backwards, is S. 1193, or A.D. 1137.
In the mundur of Samarsi, we found the fragment of another inscription, dated S. 12-2, and containing the eulogy of Samarsi and Arnoraj, lord of the region ; also the name of " Pirthi Raj, who " destroyed the barbarians ;" and concluding with Sawunt Sing.
Distribution in Punjab
Sikh Jats of Hara gotra are primarily concentrated in the area around Nandpur and Sahnewal in Ludhiana district, where Hara was the common village surname. However in present times they have spread across India and the world and have taken up various professions besides farming
Distribution in Rajasthan
Villages in Tonk district
Distribution in Uttar pradesh
Villages in Bulandsahar district
Distribution in Pakistan
- O.S. Tugania:Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu,p.64,s.n. 2582
- Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. ह-26
- Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. ह-21
- An Inquiry Into the Ethnography of Afghanistan By H. W. Bellew, p.116,185
- Mahendra Singh Arya et al.: Adhunik Jat Itihas, p. 286
- James Tod: Annals and Antiquities of Rajasthan, Volume II, Annals of Haravati, p.424
- James Tod: Annals and Antiquities of Rajasthan, Volume II, Annals of Haravati, pp.409-412
- James Tod: Annals and Antiquities of Rajasthan, Volume II, Annals of Haravati, pp.420-423
- James Tod: Annals and Antiquities of Rajasthan, Volume II, Annals of Haravati, pp.426,429,431,433.434
- Menal Inscription of Mahadeva Hara (Chohans) S. 1446 (1389 AD) provides us this ancestry of Hara Chohans: Koolun → Jaipal → Deva-Raj (Hara-Raj) + Ritpal → Kelhan → Koontul (+Deda- Raj) → Mahadeva.See James Todd Annals/Personal Narrative, Vol. II,pp.683-686
- James Tod: Annals and Antiquities of Rajasthan, Volume II, Annals of Haravati, pp.405-434
- James Tod: Annals and Antiquities of Rajasthan, Volume II, Annals of Haravati, pp.424
- James Tod: Annals and Antiquities of Rajasthan, Volume II, Annals of Haravati, pp.429
- A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/K, p.539
- James Todd Annals/Personal Narrative, Vol. II,pp.683-686
- James Todd Annals/Personal Narrative, Vol. II,pp.683-686
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