Kalka

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Map of Panchkula district

Kalka (Kaleka) is a town and tahsil in Panchkula district in Haryana. Its ancient name was Kalakuta (कालकूट).

Variants of name

Villages in Kalka tahsil

Bagharni, Banoi Khuda Bax, Banoi Sanwalia, Bar, Basawal, Basdevpura, Ber Ghati, Bhagwanpur, Bharon Ki Ser, Bhawana, Bhogpur, Bitna, Charnian, Chikan, Dakrog, Damdama, Dera Guru, Dhamala, Dhamsoo, Dhato Ghran, Fatehpur Diwanwala, Ganeshpur, Gariran, Gawahi, Gorakhnath, Gumthala, Haripur Chopahar, Haripur Harisingh, Islamnagar, Jabrot, Jaithal, Jalla, Janouli, Jodhpur, Johlowal, Kajiyana, Kalka (MC), Kandiala, Kanguwala, Karanpur, Kharkua, Khera, Khera Sitaram, Kheranwali, Khoi, Khokhra, Khol Albala, Khol Fatehsingh, Khol Mola, Kidarpur, Kiratpur, Kona, Kotian, Lehroundi, Lohgarh, Majra Mehtab, Majri Jattan, Malla, Malpur, Manakpur Devilal, Manakpur Nanak Chand, Manakpur Thakar Dass, Maranwala, Miranpur Bakhshiwala, Nagal Bhaga, Nagal Rootal, Nagal Sodhian, Nala Bloug, Nala Dakrog, Nala Domehar, Nanakpur, Nandpur, Nawannagar, Noulta, Orian, Paploha, Pargian, Patan, Pinjore (MC), Prem Pura, Raipur, Rajipur, Ramnagar, Rampur Jangi, Rampur Seori, Sandaspur, Shahpur, Sitoo Majra, Surajpur, Tagra Hakimpur, Tagra Hari Singh, Tagra Hasua, Tagra kali Ram, Tagra Kangan, Tagra Sahoo, Thane Ki Ser, Tibi, Tipra, Toran,

History

V. S. Agrawala[1] writes that Ashtadhyayi of Panini mentions janapada Kalakūṭa (कलकूट)/(कालकूट) (IV.1.173) - Sabhaparva calls it Kālakūṭa (कालकूट) and makes it a part of Kulinda conquered by Arjuna. Panini's Kuluna seems to be same as Kulinda and later Kuṇinda. Kulinda (Greek: Kulindrini was known to Ptolemy as an extensive country including the region of lofty mountains wherein the Beas, the Satluj, the Yamuna and Ganga had their sources. The Kalakūṭa lay some where in this area, with possible traces of its name in modern Kalka in Simla Hills.


49. Kalakuta (कालकूट) - A mountain (II.23.14) conquered by Arjun. Mbh. mentions the inhabitants of Kalakuta as a neighbouring tribe of Kuru land (II.20.26, V.19.30).

आनर्तान कालकूटांश च कुणिन्थांश च विजित्य सः । सुमण्डलं पापजितं कृतवान अनु सैनिकम (II.23.14)

People who came from the side of Kalakuta (कालकूट) mountain were known as Kaler - Jat Gotra.[2]

Ala Singh conquered Sanawar and Founded Patiala

Lepel H. Griffin[3] writes: Three years later the district of Sanawar was conquered for Ala Singh by one of his Sirdars, Gurbaksh Singh Kaleka. The district was known as Chaurasi, (eighty-four) from the number of its villages, one of which was Pattiala, now the capital of the territory, where Ala Singh, in the year 1753, built a mud fort in order to overawe his new possessions, and left Sirdar Gurbaksh Singh in charge. Diwan Lachman Narain, one of the officers of Samand Khan or Abul Samad Khan of Sirhind

[Page-22]

fled to this Chief for protection, and his surrender was at once demanded by his master, who, being refused, marched to Sanawar to enforce his demand. Sirdar Gurbaksh Singh then sent the Diwan to Pattiala, as being a place of greater security, and, joining the force of Ala Singh, they together attacked Abul Samad Khan and defeated him, securing a large quantity of plunder.

In Mahabharata

Udyoga Parva/Mahabharata Book V Chapter 19 mentions Kings and tribes Who joined Yudhishthira for war:

And for this reason the land of the five rivers, and the whole of the region called Kuru-jangala, and the forest of Rohitaka which was uniformly wild, and Ahichhatra and Kalakuta, and the banks of the Ganga River, and Varana River, and Vatadhana, and the hill tracts on the border of the Yamuna--the whole of this extensive tract--full of abundant corn and wealth, was entirely overspread with the army of the Kauravas.

ततः पञ्चनथं चैव कृत्स्नं च कुरुजाङ्गलम
तदा रॊहित कारण्यं मरु भूमिश च केवला (V.19.29)
अहिच छत्रं कालकूटं गङ्गाकूलं च भारत
वारणा वाटधानंयामुनश चैव पर्वतः (V.19.30)
एष थेशः सुविस्तीर्णः परभूतधनधान्यवान
बभूव कौरवेयाणां बलेन सुसमाकुलः (V.19.31)

Notable persons

External links

References

  1. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.54
  2. Dr Mahendra Singh Arya, Dharmpal Singh Dudee, Kishan Singh Faujdar & Vijendra Singh Narwar: Ādhunik Jat Itihas (The modern history of Jats), Agra 1998, p. 229
  3. The Rajas of the Punjab by Lepel H. Griffin/The History of the Patiala State,p.21-22

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