Vatadhana

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Vatadhana (वाटधान) was one of The Mahabharata Tribes of the period of Mahabharata.

Modern descendants from Vatadhana

Vatdhan (वाटधान) Vattadhana (वाटधान) Batdhan (बाटधान) Batar (बाटड़) is an important Jat and Brahmin clan descended from Mahabharata tribe, mentioned in geography (VI.10.45), they sided with the Kauravas in the Great War (VI.52.4); hailed from Varana near Kurukshetra (V.19.30).

वाटधान जाट जनपद

महाभारतकाल में भारतवर्ष के अनेक जनपदों में इस वाटधान जाट जनपद की भी विद्यमानता है (भीष्मपर्व, अध्याय 9)। पाण्डवों की दिग्विजय में नकुल ने पश्चिम दिशा के सब नरेशों को जीत लिया। उसने इन वाटधान देशीय क्षत्रियों को भी हराया। (महाभारत सभापर्व, अध्याय 32)। महाभारत युद्ध में वाटधान सैनिक दुर्योधन की ओर होकर पाण्डवों के विरुद्ध लड़े थे। (भीष्मपर्व) वाटधान जाटगोत्र के लोग सम्पूर्णतया सिख मतानुयायी हैं।[1]

In Mahabharata

Adi Parva

Adi Parva, Mahabharata/Mahabharata Book I Chapter 67 mentions them along Asuras:

Bhuritejas; Ekalavya, Sumitra, Vatadhana, Gomukha; Karushakas, Khemadhurti; Srutayu, Udvaha, Vrihatsena; Kshema, Ugratirtha, the king of the Kalingas; and Matimat, and he was known as king Iswara; these first of kings were all born of the Asura class called Krodhavasa.

Sabha Parva

Sabha Parva, Mahabharata/Book II Chapter 29 Mentions Kings whom Nakula subjugated, who set out from Khandavaprastha for the west. He first assailed the mountainous country called Rohitaka (Rohtak) that was dear unto (the celestial generalissimo) Kartikeya and which was delightful and prosperous and full of kine and every kind of wealth and produce. He then encountered Mattamyurakas, subjugated the whole of the desert country and the region known as Sairishaka (Sirsa) full of plenty, as also that other one called Mahetta (Meham). And the hero had a fierce encounter with the royal sage Akrosa. Then he left that part of the country having subjugated the Dasarnas, the Sivis, the Trigartas, the Amvashtas, the Malavas, the five tribes of the Karnatas, and those twice born classes that were called the Madhyamakeyas and Vatadhanas.

ततॊ बहुधनं रम्यं गवाश्वधनधान्यवत
कार्तिकेयस्य दयितं रॊहीतकम उपाद्रवत Mahabharata (II.29.4)
तत्र युद्धं महद वृत्तं शूरैर मत्तमयूरकैः
मरु भूमिं च कार्त्स्न्येन तदैव बहु धान्यकम Mahabharata (II.29.5)
शैरीषकं महेच्छं च वशे चक्रे महाद्युतिः
शिबींस तरिगर्तान अम्बष्ठान मालवान पञ्च कर्पटान Mahabharata (II.29.6)
तथा मध्यमिकायांशवाटधानान द्विजान अद
पुनश च परिवृत्याद पुष्करारण्यवासिनः Mahabharata (II.29.7)

Udyoga Parva

Udyoga Parva/Mahabharata Book V Chapter 19 mentions the Kings and tribes Who joined Duryodhana for war. It spread over the land of Vatadhanas.

And thus Duryodhana had a force..., there was no space in the city of Hastinapura. And for this reason the land of the five rivers, and the whole of the region called Kuru-jangala, and the forest of Rohitaka which was uniformly wild, and Ahichhatra and Kalakuta, and the banks of the Ganga, and Varana, and Vatadhana, and the hill tracts on the border of the Yamuna--the whole of this extensive tract--full of abundant corn and wealth, was entirely overspread with the army of the Kauravas.
ततः पञ्चनथं चैव कृत्स्नं च कुरुजाङ्गलम
तदा रॊहित कारण्यं मरु भूमिश च केवला (V.19.29)
अहिच छत्रं कालकूटं गङ्गाकूलं च भारत
वारणा वाटधानं च यामुनश चैव पर्वतः (V.19.30)

Bhisma Parva

Bhisma Parva, Mahabharata/Book VI Chapter 10 describes the geography of Bharatavarsha. The province of Vatadhana has been mentioned with Mallas, Sudeshnas, Prahutas, Mahekas, Sasikas; Vahikas, Vatadhanas, Abhiras, and Kalatoyakas

मल्लाः सुदेष्णाः पराहूतास तदा माहिष कार्षिकाः
वाहीका वाटधानाश च आभीराः कालतॊयकाः Mahabharata (VI.10.45)

Bhisma Parva, Mahabharata/Book VI Chapter 52 mentions them in the army of the Kauravas:

Sanjaya said,--"When the night having passed away, the dawn came, Santanu's son Bhishma, that chastiser of foes, gave the order for the (Kuru) army to prepare for battle. And the son of Santanu, the old Kuru grandsire, desirous of victory to thy sons, formed that mighty array known after the name of Garuda. And on the beak of that Garuda was thy sire Devavrata himself. And its two eyes were Bharadwaja's son and Kritavarman of Satwata's race. And those renowned warriors, Aswatthaman and Kripa, supported by the Trigartas, the Matsyas, the Kekayas, and the Vatadhanas, were in its head.
अश्वत्दामा कृपश चैव शीर्षम आस्तां यशस्विनौ
तरिगर्तैर मत्स्यकैकेयैर वाटधानैश च संयुतौ (VI.52.4)

Karna Parva

Karna Parva/Mahabharata Book VIII Chapter 51 mentions that on Seventeenth day terrible massacre, Numberless Kshatriyas hailing from diverse provinces destroyed. This list includes Vatadhanas.

गॊवास थासम ईयानां वसातीनां च भारत
वरात्यानां वाटधानानां भॊजानां चापि मानिनाम Mahabharata (8.51.16)

External links

References


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