Kasli

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Location of Kasli near Rampura in Sikar district

Kasli (कासली) is a large village in Dhod tehsil of Sikar district in Rajasthan.

Before creation of Dhod tahsil, this village used to fall within Sikar tahsil.

Location

It is located 9 km south of Sikar near Rampura village.

Origin

The Founders

History

The ruins belonging to the times of king Harsh indicate its antiquity. Local tradition points out that its old name was Harshanatha and that this village in ancient times was a well developed township surrounded by a wall. A poem in Hindi points towards this fact as under[1]:

जगमालपुरा हर्ष नगरी,
बोम तालाब छतरी,
एक बाजार मंडी गुदड़ी,

From another source we get following poem prevalent in the area:[2]:

जगमालपुरा हर्षनगरी,
बीमै हाठ हजार मढ़ै गुदड़ी,
बमै तालाब बड़ी छतरी ।

It is said that in space between he big tank of Harsh and Jagmalpura tomb was a market place. There were 900 wells. The old city was spread over about 38 miles and constituted of four villages, namely

  • Katrathal, which was Katala Bazar,
  • Kasali which was founded by Kasania Jat people,
  • Bajor which was market and
  • Jagmalpura which was a weekly market place or gudari. A river named Chhatradhara flowed through the town and drained water in to Rewasa lake. [3]

Village Kasli was established by Jats of Kasniya Gotra. This famous gotra is also called Krishniya (belonging Lord Shri Krishna of Brij Pradesh). Some other villages inhabiting this gotra are- Krishniyon Ka Bass (Jhunjhunun) and Akwa of Sikar district as well as there are said to be some more villages.

Kasli was under the rule of Chandels who were the samantas of Chauhans earlier. They became independent after the fall of Chauhans. [4] Chandels were Chandravanshi Kshatriyas. They had a big state in Jetubhukti and had a war with Prithviraj Chauhan and were defeated. Rewasa, Kasli and Raghunathgarh in Sikar were under Chandels. An inscription of Chandels was found at (Raghunathgarh of v.s. 1150 (1093 AD). Three inscriptions of year v.s. 1243 (1186 AD) were found at Rewasa. These reveal that Rewasa pargana was under Prithviraj Chauhan. These are about some warriors. [5]

Sikar was known as ‘Veerbhan-ka-baas’ in ancient times. After Chandels it was under the rule of Nawab of Fatehpur Shekhawati. The Kachwaha ruler of Amber Raja Udaykaran (1367-1389 AD) handed over the Jagir of Barwara along with 12 villages to his son Bala, who is considered to be the person from whom Shekawats have descended. In 1430 Bala died and his son Mokal became his successor. Mokal left the Jagir of Barwara and settled in village ‘Amara-ki-dhani’ founded by Amara Jat of Khasoda gotra. Mokal got son here with the blessings of Sekh Burhan so he named his son as Shekha. Shekha had 360 villages in his rule. The center of Shekha was Amarsar (earlier Amara-ki-dhani).

Shekha’s son Raimal and his son Raisal had supported Akbar in his campaign of attack on Gujarat. During Akbar’s second attack on Gujarat, Raisal’s son Tirmal impressed Akbar by his bravery and Akbar awarded the title of ‘Rao’.

Tirmal’s son Gangaram made Kasali as his capital. Gangaram’s son Syamaram and his son Jaswant Singh made Dujod as their capital.

Patoda was thikana of Sikar Rao Raja Shiv Singh. Shiv Singh’s younger son Kirti Singh was killed in Kasli war.

Raysal gets Rewasa and Kasli

James Tod[6] writes that Raisal was at once introduced to the great Akbar, who bestowed upon him the title of Raisal Durbari, and a more substantial mark of royal favour, in a grant of the districts of Rewasa and Kasli, then belonging to the Chandels. This was but the opening of Raisal's career, for scarcely had he settled his new possessions, when he was recalled to court to take part in an expedition against Bhatner. Fresh services obtained new favours, and he received a grant of Khandela and Udaipurwati, then belonging to the Narbhan Rajputs, who disdained to pay allegiance to the empire, and gave themselves up to unlicensed rapine.

Antiquity

Its ancient name, mentioned in Harsha Inscription 961 AD (L-35), was Kashahapallika (कशहपल्लिका).

Harsha Inscription 973 AD

Harsha Inscription 961-973 AD (L-35), mentions Kasli as Kashahapallika (कशहपल्लिका), a village in Koha district offered to Harshadeva.

कोह विषये कशहपल्लिकामेवं ग्रामांश्चतुरश्चंद्रांकशिखरोपरि[*सम्य]गवतेश्री
हर्षदेवाय पुण्ये अहनि श्रीमत्पुष्करतीर्थं स्मृत्वा स्वपनदेहविलेपनो-

Kumbhalgarh Inscription of year V.S. 1517 (1460 AD)

इस शिलाकेख में महाराणा कुम्भा द्वारा कासली जीतने का उल्लेख है. रतनलाल मिश्र ने यह भी लिखा है कि कुम्भलगढ़ प्रशस्ति के श्लोकों (कुम्भलगढ़ प्रशस्ति 21, 22) से ज्ञात होता है कि महाराणा कुम्भा जांगलस्थल को युद्ध में रोंदता हुआ आगे बढा और शम्सखान (कायमखानी) भूपति के अनंत रत्नों के संग्रह को छीन लिया. उसने कासली को अचानक जीत लिया. महाराणा के दुन्दुभियों के जयघोष से धुंखराद्रि (धोकर) गूँज उठा. आकर्ण पर्यन्त खेंचे हुए धनुष के बाणों के समूह से अरदिल को नष्ट करते हुए महाराणा ने आगे बढकर खंडेले के दुर्ग को खंड-खंड कर डाला. इस प्रकार इस हमले के क्रम में कुम्भा ने शेखावाटी के अनेक स्थानों को पददलित कर डाला.[7]

कासली सीकर के दक्षिण में 9 किमी दूरी पर है. उस समय इस पर संभवत: चंदेलों का राज्य था. जो पहले चौहानों के सामंत थे पर उनके कमजोर पड़ने पर स्वतंत्र हो गए थे. रेवासा, कसली और संभवत: खाटू के आसपास का प्रदेश इनके अधिकार में था. खंडेले में उस समय निर्वाणों का राज्य था. [8]

यों विप्रानमितान् हलं कलयत: कर्श्येन वृतेरलं
वेदं सांगमपाठयत् कलिगलग्रस्ते धरित्रीतले ||२१७||

Jat Gotras

Population

  • Its population as per Census-2001, used to be 6,546.
  • As per Census-2011 statistics, Kasli village has the total population of 7913 (of which 3990 are males while 3923 are females).[9]

Notable Persons

External Links

References

  1. Sikar Ki Kahani, Captain Webb Ki Jubani, 2009, pp. 25,80
  2. Aitihasik Sthanavali by Vijayendra Kumar Mathur, p.1011
  3. Sikar Ki Kahani, Captain Webb Ki Jubani, 2009, pp. 25, 80
  4. रतन लाल मिश्र:शेखावाटी का नवीन इतिहास, कुटीर प्रकाशन मंडावा, 1998, पृ. 96
  5. रतन लाल मिश्र:शेखावाटी का नवीन इतिहास, कुटीर प्रकाशन मंडावा, 1998, पृ. 136
  6. Annals and Antiquities of Rajasthan, Volume II, Annals of Amber, p.361
  7. रतनलाल मिश्र:शेखावाटी का नवीन इतिहास, कुटीर प्रकाशन मंडावा, 1998, पृ. 95
  8. रतन लाल मिश्र:शेखावाटी का नवीन इतिहास, कुटीर प्रकाशन मंडावा, 1998, पृ. 96
  9. http://www.census2011.co.in/data/village/81570-kasli-rajasthan.html

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