Ramrai

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Author: Laxman Burdak IFS (R)
Map of Jind District

Ramrai (रामराय) or Ramray (रामराय) is an ancient village in Jind tahsil and district in Haryana. Its ancient name was Ramahrada (रामह्रद) mentioned by Panini and in Mahabharata (3.81.22), (III.81.178).

Variants

Location

It is located on Jind-Hansi road, 8 Kilometers west of Jind. It's a very popular village of Haryana.

Origin

The Founders

Jat Gotras

Mention by Panini

Rama-hrada (राम-ह्रद) is mentioned by Panini in Ashtadhyayi. [3]

History

V. S. Agrawala[4] writes that Panini mentions a village in category ending Harda (IV.2.142) - Ramahrada. The Mahabharata knows Ramahrada in Kurukshetra (Aranyakaparva, 81.22).


Ramrai or Ramahrada is a traditional south-west Yaksha of the Kurukshetra region. It is connected with the mythological story of Parsurama who after the annihilation of Kshatriyas, filled five pools with their blood and propitiated his forefathers there. It is believed that a bath at Ramahrada tirtha and Sanet tirtha is very holy. There is an old temple of Parsuram where he is worshipped.

The myth of association of Parsurama's family with certain tirthas in haryana need to be fully explored and critically assessed. The Vamana Purana, a product of medieval period (900-1700 AD) [5], dedicated to Thaneshwar [6], associated the ancient pilgrimage of Ramahrada (रामह्रद) (3.81.22), identified with Village Ramray near Jind ([7], with Parsurama who according to Mahabharata (III,81,26f,117,9ff), filled the five tanks (Samantapanchaka) with the blood of Kshatriyas, annihilated 21 times by him. He is said to have performed the tarpana with their blood (Adi Parva, 1,2,5) in the lakes made by him (Vana Parva, 81,22). These lakes made by him are said to have been full of blood like water.[8]

In Mahabharata

Vana Parva, Mahabharata/Book III Chapter 81 mentions Rama-hrada (रामह्रद) (III.81.22), The pilgrim, where the heroic Rama exterminating the Kshatriyas by his might, dug five lakes and filled them, with the blood of his victims. [9]


Vana Parva, Mahabharata/Book III Chapter 81 mentions the location of Ramahrada near Kurukshetra: That which lieth between Tarantuka and Arantuka and the lakes of Ramahrada and Machakruka is Kurukshetra. It is also called Samantapanchaka and is said to be the northern sacrificial altar of the Grandsire. [10]

Population

Notable Persons

External Links

References

  1. Mahipal Arya, Jat Jyoti, August 2013,p. 15
  2. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Chapter III,p.229
  3. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.67
  4. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.67
  5. (Parui, 1976:3f)
  6. (CHI, Vol I:268)
  7. ASI,Vol.XIV;91;N L Dey, 1899;166; JHS.Vol.VIII, Nos.1-2,1976;18)
  8. Hukum Singh Panwar (Pauria):The Jats:Their Origin, Antiquity and Migrations, Manthan Publications, Rohtak. ISBN 81-85235-22-8, p.16
  9. ततॊ रामह्रदान गच्छेत तीर्थसेवी नराधिप, यत्र रामेण राजेन्द्र तरसा दीप्ततेजसा, क्षत्रम उत्साद्य वीर्येण हरदाः पञ्च निवेशिताः Mahabharata (3.81.22)
  10. तरन्तुकारन्तुकयॊर यद अन्तरं; रामह्रदानां च मचक्रुकस्य, एतत कुरुक्षेत्रसमन्तपञ्चकं; पिता महस्यॊत्तर वेदिर उच्यते Mahabharata (III.81.178)

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