Kshatriya

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Kshatriya (क्षत्रिय) is the title of the princely military order in the Vedic society. They are the warrior and ruling caste in the varna system.

Etymology

Kṣatriya (क्षत्रिय) is derived from Sanskrit word kṣatra (क्षत्र). The word means the protector of land. They are supposed to uphold the code of honour, bravery and loyalty. Everyone in the military and governing hierarchy from king to village chief and from general to foot-soldier is a kshatriya. In ancient Hindu society, a person's aptitude ('guna'), conduct ('karma') and nature ('swabhava') were considered to assign his occupation. In the early Vedic civilization, the warrior caste was called Rājanya & Kshatriya. The former was an adjectival form of Rājan "ruler, king" from a root Rāj "to rule", cognate to the Latin Rex "king" and the German Reich "empire".

Types of Kshatriyas

In modern India, caste is inherited. Most of the Kshatriya communities claim descent from Surya, Chandra, or Agni. The Surya descendants claim descent from Rama and the Chandra descendants claim Krishna as an ancestor. This is based on the writings of the Rig Veda and other Puranas. The vanshas develope according to the system of worship. Accordingly following categories of Kshatriyas exist in India.

Suryavansh

These Kshatriya communities claim descent from Surya. One of sons of Brahma was Mārīcha, whose grandson was vivasvān, from whom started Suryavansha.

Chandravansh

These Kshatriya communities claim descent from Chandra. One of Brahma's son was Ādī, whose son was Chandra (Soma), from whom started Chandravansh.

Agnivansh

These Kshatriya communities claim descent from Agni.

Nagavansh

Chandravanshi King Ayu had a king named Elakha in nineth generation, whose son was Nagas, from whom started Nagavansh. Prajapati Daksha's daughter was Sarma, who was wife of Suryavanshi king Kashyapa, who gave birth to son of Naga clan from whom started the Nagavansh.

Jats are kshatriyas

As per standards of Vedic Kshatriyas, Jats are the true Aryan belonging to Kshatriya varna. The Indo-Aryan origin of Jats has been advocated on the basis of ethnological, physical and linguistic standards by many historians like Ernest Binfield Havell[1], Kalika Ranjan Qanungo[2], Chintaman Vinayak Vaidya[3], Sir Herbert Risley[4], Thakur Deshraj[5], Mangal Sen Jindal[6] etc.

The original home of Jats is connected with the original home of Aryans, the Aryavarta, since the Jats are definitely a tribe of Aryan race. Jats have more than 2700 gotras. They are found in all four Kshatriyas types i.e. Suryavansh, Chandravansh, Nagavansh and Agnivansh.

References

  1. Havell, Ernest Binfield (1918). The history of Aryan rule in India. Harrap. p. 32.
  2. Kalika Ranjan Qanungo: History of the Jats
  3. Chintaman Vinayak Vaidya: History of Medieval Hindu India
  4. Sir Herbert Risley: The People of India
  5. Thakur Deshraj: Jat Itihasa
  6. Jindal, Mangal Sen (1992). History of origin of some clans in India, with special reference to Jats. Sarup & Sons. ISBN 8185431086, 9788185431086.