Rewa

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Author:Laxman Burdak, IFS (R)

District map of Rewa

Rewa (रीवा) is a city and district in Madhya Pradesh. Its ancient name was Adhiraja.

Variants

Origin

Rewa derives its name from another name for the Narmada River.

Location

The Rewa city lies about 420 km northeast of the state capital Bhopal and 130 km south of the city of Allahabad. Rewa is connected to Allahabad via NH 27 and Sidhi, Satna, Maihar and Varansi via NH-7. In nearby Sidhi district, a part of the erstwhile princely state of Rewa, and now a part of Rewa division, the world's first white tiger, a mutant variant of the Bengal tiger, was caught. World's first white tiger safari is located in REWA district of Rewa division.

History

The district derives its name from the town of Rewa, the district headquarters, which is another name for the Narmada River. The territories now included in the district were held by the imperial Maurya dynasty, which ruled in the 3rd century BC. The area came under the Kalachuris from the 9th to the end of the 12th century. In the 13th century, Ulugh Khan, brother of Sultan Alauddin, drove the Baghela king east into the area, where he founded the Princely State of Rewa. This dynasty continued until the last successor, Martand Singh, abdicated and acceded rule to the Dominion of India in 1947. The present Rewa district came into existence in 1950 when the Provinces and States Order (transfer of enclaves) was put into effect.

Before independence, hunting tiger was considered honourable in India. Once the Rewa King went for hunting, and he found an odd white-coloured tiger, called Mohan. Mohan was sent to others to continue his breed; all of today's white tigers are thought to be Mohan's progeny. Authorities planned to make a zoo in Rewa, named for the White Tiger which has been under dispute. This first white tiger safari or zoo was established by the Central Zoo Authority of India in Mukundpur.

The central committee on pre-independence files recently released files giving insight on the Indian independence movement in Rewa. These include case files on nationalist Subash Chandra Bose and a series of 124 books by authors suppressed by the British Raj for revolutionary activities. Martland Press of Rewa, run by Pandit Ram Bharose Awasthi, was instrumental in publishing India's first national anthem and national song "Vande Mataram" in 1927, which was distributed in the Tripuri session of Congress in Jabalpur.[1] This led to the seizure of printed books from Allahabad and Jabalpur and the revolutionary activities were crushed.

Rewah Stone Inscription of Karna

Lata has been identified with Central and Southern Gujarat in the Rewah Stone Inscription of Karna.[2]

Places of historical and tourist importance

The rain-water of the district flows out along two tributary rivers of the Ganges, the Tons or Tamas and the Son.[3] The Bichiya River flows through the heart of Rewa city.

The Tamsa or Tons and its tributaries form waterfalls as they descend from the Rewa Plateau, including: the Chachai Falls (127m) on the Bihar River, a tributary of the Tamsa, the Keoti Falls (98m) on the Mahana River, a tributary of the Tamsa, the Odda Falls (145m) on the Odda River, a tributary of the Belah River, which is itself a tributary of the Tamsa, Bahuti fall on Chataniha river beside Misirgawan village, and the Purwa Falls (70m) on the Tamsa or Tons.[4]

Deorkothar(or Deur Kothar) is known for its Buddhist stupas and may have been established by the Maurya king Ashoka in the 3rd century BCE. In ancient times the site was located on the Dakshinapatha (Southern Trade Route) running east–west from Pataliputra (Patna) to Pratishthana in Maharashtra through Central India.

रीवा (म.प्र.)

रीवा (AS, p.797) म.प्र. में स्थित है. प्राचीन नाम बांधवगढ़ है. यहां बुंदेला क्षत्रियों का राज्य था.

रीवा परिचय

रीवा मध्य प्रदेश प्रांत का नगर है। यह विंध्य पठार का एक हिस्से का निर्माण करता है और टोंस एवं उसकी सहायता नदियों द्वारा सिंचित है। भूतपूर्व रीवा रियासत की स्थापना लगभग 1400 ई. में बघेल राजपूतों द्वारा की गई थी। मुग़ल सम्राट अकबर द्वारा बांधवगढ़ नगर को ध्वस्त किए जाने के बाद रीवा महत्त्वपूर्ण बन गया और 1597 ई. में इसे भूतपूर्व रीवा रियासत की राजधानी के रूप में चुना गया। सन 1812 ई. में यहाँ के स्थानीय शासक ने ब्रिटिश सत्ता से समझौता कर अपनी सम्प्रभुता अंग्रेज़ों को सौंप दी। यह शहर ब्रिटिश बघेलखण्ड एजेंसी की राजधानी भी रहा। [5]

अधिराज

विजयेन्द्र कुमार माथुर[6] ने लेख किया है ...अधिराज (AS, p.19): महाभारत सभा पर्व [31,3] के अनुसार सहदेव ने अपनी दिग्विजय-यात्रा के प्रसंग में इस देश के राजा दंतवक्र को पराजित किया था- 'अधिराजाधिपं चैव दंतवक्रं महाबलम्, जिगाय करदं जैव कृत्वा राज्ये न्यवेशयत्'। अधिराज का उल्लेख मत्स्य के पश्चात् होने से सूचित होता है कि यह देश मत्स्य (जयपुर का परवर्ती प्रदेश) के निकट ही रहा होगा। किंतु श्री नं. ला. डे का मत है कि यह रीवा का परवर्ती प्रदेश था।

Tahsils in Rewa District

Rewa district of Madhya Pradesh has 11 Tehsils

  1. Gurh
  2. Hanumana
  3. Hujur
  4. Jawa
  5. Mangawan
  6. Mauganj
  7. Nai Garhi
  8. Raipur - Karchuliyan
  9. Semaria
  10. Sirmaur
  11. Teonthar

Notable persons

External links

References

  1. District profile of Rewa, Madhya Pradesh, Compiled By :- Suvendu Singha District Facilitator, Rewa Division MP State Planning Commission – UNICEF MP Date of compilation: 20 June 2012
  2. Epigraphia Indica. XXIV, Pt. III, July 1937, p. 110.
  3. https://rewa.nic.in/
  4. K. Bharatdwaj. Physical Geography: Hydrosphere. p. 154.
  5. भारतकोश-रीवा
  6. Aitihasik Sthanavali by Vijayendra Kumar Mathur, p.19

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