Salar

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Salar (सालार)[1][2] Salaar (सलार) Salar (सलार) [3] is a gotra of Jats in Uttar Pradesh and Pakistan. Salar/Salarya clan found in Afghanistan.[4] James Tod places it in the list of Thirty Six Royal Races.[5]

Origin

They are said to be originated from Mahabharata tribe Shalva (शाल्व).

History

The word Sālār means a prince, a chief or a leader, as per Persian English Dictionary. [6] The Salar dynasty of Indian History is well known. [7] [8] Salar is one of 36 royal clans in India along with Bains, Dahima etc. [9]

H. W. Bellew writes that Salar is the name of a Turk tribe, and is also the name of a Rajput tribe, one of the royal races of Rajasthan, and was originally a tribe of the Saka Skythians. There are many names of Turk tribes found amongst the clans of the Rajput as given by Tod ("Annals of Rajasthan ") ; and this circumstance leads to the conclusion that the Rajput genealogies must have been compiled at a comparatively modern date, and long after the Turk invaders and conquerors had become mixed up and lost in the general population of the country ; and thus- came to be identified as Rajput on account of their adopting their language, manners, etc. [10]


Alexander Cunningham[11] mentions Asarur as the probable position of Hwen Thsang's Tse-kia (Taka), which was the capital of the Panjab in A.D. 633. At the time of Hwen Thsang's visit there were ten monasteries, but very few Buddhists, and the mass of the people worshiped the Brahmanical gods. To the north-east of the town at 10 li, or nearly 2 miles, there was a stupa of Asoka, 200 feet in height, which marked the spot where Buddha had halted, and which was said to contain a large quantity of his relics. This stupa may be identified with the little mound of Sālār, near Thata Syadon, just two miles to the north of Asarur.


Rajatarangini[12] tells...In order to attack Sussala, the mad king (Bhikshachara) sent Vimba with an army to Lohara by the Rajapuri road. After Vismaya of Sallara had become his friend, the king, accompanied with Somapala, brought an army of Turushka to aid Vimba ; and to every individual Turushka he showed a cord and said that he would bind and drag Sussala with it. (VIII,p.76)

Salar included in Thirty Six Royal Races by James Tod

James Tod is a pioneer historian on Jats who thoroughly scrutinized the bardic records of Rajasthan and Gujarat and also brought to light over a dozen inscriptions on the Jats. We reproduce the Chapter 7 Catalogue of the Thirty Six Royal Races from Annals and Antiquities of Rajasthan, Volume I, Publisher: Humphrey Milford Oxford University Press 1920, p. 138:

Silar or Salar. — Like the former, we have here but the shade of a name ; though one which, in all probability, originated the epithet Larike, by which the Saurashtra peninsula was known to Ptolemy and the geographers of early Europe. The tribe of Lar was once famous in Saurashtra, and in the annals of Anhilwara mention is made of Siddharaja Jayasingha having extirpated them throughout his dominions. Salar, or Silar, would therefore be distinctively the Lar. Indeed, the author of the Kumarpal Charitra styles it Rajtilak, or ' regal prince ' ; but the name only now exists amongst the mercantile classes professing the faith of Buddha [Jainism] : it is inserted as one of the eighty-four. The greater portion of these are of Rajput origin.

शाल्व-शिलाहार-सालार जाटवंश

दलीप सिंह अहलावत[13] लिखते हैं:

शाल्व-शिलाहार-सालार - महाभारतकाल में भारतवर्ष में इस चन्द्रवंशी जाटवंश के दो जनपद थे (भीष्मपर्व, अध्याय 9)। महाभारत युद्ध में शाल्व सैनिक दुर्योधन की ओर होकर पाण्डवों के विरुद्ध लड़े थे (भीष्मपर्व)। महाभारत विराट पर्व 1-9 और वनपर्व 12-33 में शाल्व वंश का वर्णन मिलता है।

इन शाल्वों की राजधानी सौभनगर समुद्रकुक्षि थी। श्रीकृष्ण जी ने दैत्यपुरी के नाम से प्रसिद्ध सौभनगरी के नरेश का दमन किया था। काशिकावृत्ति 4-2-76 के अनुसार एक वैधूमाग्नि नगरी भी इसी वंश की थी जिसका विधूमाग्नि नामक राजा था। सौभपुराधिपति राजा शिशुपाल का किसी नाते का भाई था (वनपर्व 15-13)। द्वापरान्त में यह वंश 6 भागों में बंट गया था (काशिकावृत्ति 4-1-17)। आठवीं शताब्दि तक इनकी प्रगति लुप्त रही।

843 ई० में बम्बई प्रान्त के थाना जिले में कृष्णागिरि से प्राप्त शिलालेख से प्रमाणित होता है कि थाना जिले पर 800 ई० से 1300 ई० तक इस वंश का राज्य रहा। ये महामण्डलेश्वर क्षत्रिय शिखाचूड़ामणि कहलाते थे। मराठों के सुप्रसिद्ध 96 कुलों में और राजस्थान के ऐतिहासिकों ने 36 राजवंशों में इस वंश की गणना करते हुए चन्द्रवंशी यादवकुलीन लिखा है। इस वंश के 11 राजाओं ने गुजरात पर शासन किया। इसके बाद सिद्धराज जयसिंह सोलंकी ने अनहिलवाड़ा पाटन में शासन स्थिर करके इनको गुजरात से निकाल दिया। (जाटों का उत्कर्ष पृ० 339, लेखक कविराज योगेन्द्रपाल शास्त्री)।

गोत्र का विस्तार: ये लोग शाल्व के स्थान पर सालार-सिलार भी भाषा भेद से प्रसिद्ध हुए। वर्तमान क्षत्रियों में इस वंश का अधिकांश भाग जाटों में पाया जाता है।

सहारनपुर में थितकी,

बिजनौर में सुवाहेड़ी, बहोड़वाला, नयागांव, हमीदपुर, जमालपुर आदि सालार जाटों के गांव हैं।

कहीं-कहीं शाल्व से सेल भी अपभ्रंश हुआ जिनमें बिजनौर जिले के सेह और हुसैनपुर गांव हैं। सेल जाट राजस्थान में कई स्थानों में बसे हुए हैं।

Distribution in Uttar Pradesh

Villages in Saharanpur district

Thitki,

Villages in Bijnor district

Hameedpur, Suwahedi, Bahorwala (बहोड़वाला), Nayagaon (नयागांव), Jamalpur Jat (जमालपुर)

Distribution in Uttarakhand

Villages in Haridwar district

Mandawali,

Distribution in Pakistan

Found in Districts: Chakwal

Notable persons

References


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