Shalva

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Shalva (शाल्व) was a king of Mahabharata period. [1]

Variants of name

Jat Gotras from Shalva

  • Shak (शक) Shaka (शक) are Descendants of Majaraja Shalva (शाल्व). Shaka province has also been mentioned in Mahabharata. [2]
  • Shalv (शाल्व) Shalva (शाल्व) is gotra of Jats. This gotra originated from place name Sol Nagar (सोल नगर), capital of Samudra Kukshi (कुक्षी). [3]

History

V. S. Agrawala[4] writes that Ashtadhyayi of Panini mentions janapada Sālva (शाल्व) (IV.2.135). It was confined to limited geographical horizon in the central and north eastern Punjab. Shalva may coincide with the territory extending from Alwar to north Bikaner. Salvas were ancient people who migrated from west through Baluchistan and Sindh where they left traces in the form of Śālvakāgiri, the present Hala mountain, and then advancing towards north Sauvira and along the Saraswati and finally settled in north Rajasthan.


V. S. Agrawala[5] writes that Ashtadhyayi of Panini mentions janapada Sālvāvayava (साल्वावयन) - Several members were grouped in this confederacy which include, 1. Udumbara, 2. Tilakhala, 3. Madrakāra, 4. Yugandhara, 5. Bhūliṅga, 6. Śaradaṇḍa


The Salvas were a branch of the Madras and were ruling at Sialkot. We know that the Madras were Vahikas and Jartas. Since according to grammatical illustration of Chandra-gomin the Jarta defeated the Huns, which means Skanda Gupta defeated the Huns. Hence Jartas are Jats. [6]

Salwa in Madhya Pradesh

In Mahabharata

Sabha Parva, Mahabharata/Book II Chapter 13 mentions them along with the eighteen tribes of the Bhojas, from fear of Jarasandha, have all fled towards the west; so also have the Surasenas, the Bhadrakas, the Vodhas, the Salwas, the Patachcharas, the Susthalas, the Mukuttas, and the Kulindas, along with the Kuntis. And the king of the Salwayana tribe with their brethren and followers; and the southern Panchalas and the eastern Kosalas have all fled to the country of the Kuntis.

24 उथीच्यभॊजाश च तदा कुलान्य अष्टा थशाभिभॊ
    जरासंध भयाथ एव परतीचीं थिशम आश्रिताः
25 शूरसेना भद्र कारा बॊधाः शाल्वाः पतच चराः
    सुस्दराशसुकुट्टाशकुणिन्थाः कुन्तिभिः सह
26 शाल्वेयानांराजानः सॊथर्यानुचरैः सह
    थक्षिणा ये च पाञ्चालाः पूर्वाः कुन्तिषु कॊशलाः
27 तदॊत्तरां थिशं चापि परित्यज्य भयार्थिताः
    मत्स्याः संन्यस्तपाथाश च थक्षिणां थिशम आश्रिताः

Bhisma Parva, Mahabharata/Book VI Chapter 18 mentions them with Matsyas, Ambashthas etc.

13 शाल्वा मत्स्यास तदाम्बष्ठास तरिगर्ताः केकयास तदा सौवीराः कितवाः पराच्याः परतीच्यॊथीच्यमालवाः

They are also mentioned in following Parvas

शाल्वा with मत्स्याः केकया

शाल्वेयाः with शरसेनाश etc.

Shalva withMatsya etc.

शाल्वा with Kekaya etc

शाल्वा with Trigarta etc.

See also

References

  1. Mahabharata:(II.13.25), (II.31.9),(IV.1.9),(V.53.17),(V.158.20), (VI.10.37), (VI.18.13),(VI.20.12),(VI.68.8),(VI.112.110), (VIII.30.60),(VIII.30.79),
  2. Dr Mahendra Singh Arya, Dharmpal Singh Dudee, Kishan Singh Faujdar & Vijendra Singh Narwar: Ādhunik Jat Itihas (The modern history of Jats), Agra 1998, p. 280
  3. Dr Mahendra Singh Arya, Dharmpal Singh Dudee, Kishan Singh Faujdar & Vijendra Singh Narwar: Ādhunik Jat Itihas (The modern history of Jats), Agra 1998, p. 280
  4. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.55
  5. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.56
  6. K.P. Jayaswal's book, History of India, PP 115-16

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