It is within the Fatehpur Tehsil in the south direction of Fatehpur town at a distance of 8 km on National Highway-11. Sand dunes of Thar Desert can be seen in Harsawa.
Harsa Nehra founded the village Harsawa in 1287 AD.
- Nehra - Came from Hisar → Narhar → Deorod → Bajaur → Banthod → Harsawa
- Dhaka - Came from Juliasar and Datujala
- Lamoria - Came from Antroli
- Thori - Came from Ramsisar
- Bhaskar - Came from Rajas
- Dhayal - Came from Fuskani
About ninety percent of the population is of Jat caste. The Jat families include Nehra which is major clan, Dhaka, Lamoria, Thori, Bhaskar and Dhayal clans. The other castes include Rajputs, Brahmans, Swami, Harijans, Naik and Jangir.
As of the census of 2001, there were 1695 people out of them 829 were male and 866 were female. Literacy percentage in the village is 81.17%.
After the defeat of last Hindu King of Delhi Prithviraj Chauhan, in the second Battle of Tarain in 1192, The Jats in his army moved to the countryside and settled as cultivators at various places in India. Initially Saharan gotra Jats had come to this place and started temporary cultivation. After some time Saharan Jat left this place. The Nehra gotra Jats from nearby village Banthod migrated to this place and started cultivation. One of these Nehra gotra Jats was Harsa Nehra who founded the village Harsawa in 1287 AD.
Later on Dhaka gotra Jats from Juliasar and Datujala villages, Thori gotra Jats from Ramsisar, Bhaskar gotra jats from Rajas, Lamoria gotra Jats from Antroli and Dhayal gotra Jats from Fuskani villages also settled in Harsawa.
Genealogy of Nehras of Harsawa
The following Genealogy of Nehras of Harsawa was told by Sultan Khan Mirasi (Dhadhi) of Harsawa to the author on 19 July 2015.
Narapala (Narhad) → Harpal → Jhunjha → Pal (married in Bhadiyas of Banthod) → Dewa (Founded Dewlana pond) → Mana (Founded Manana pond) → Kheta → Ganga → Birma (12 sons) → Dharma → Maga → Chandra → Hardeo Singh Nehra
नरहड़ में राजा नरपाल के पुत्र हरपाल हुये जिनके पुत्र झुंझा ने झुञ्झुणु शहर बसाया। झुंझा के पुत्र पाल का ससुराल बांठोद गाँव में भड़िया जाटों में था। पाल के पुत्र देवा हुये जिनके नाम से हरसावा में देवलाना जोहड़ छोड़ा। देवा के पुत्र माना हुये जिनके नाम से हरसावा में मानाणा जोहड़ छोड़ा, जहां आज स्कूल बनी है। माना के पुत्र खेता हुये और उनके पुत्र गांगा हुये। गांगा के 12 पुत्र थे जिनमें से बीरमा सरदार बने। बीरमा के पुत्र धर्मा और उनके पुत्र मगा हुये। मगा के चंदरा और उनके पुत्र हरदेव सिंह हुये। सुल्तान खान मीरासी ने एक कविता सुनाई जो इसके इतिहास के बारे में प्रकाश डालती है -
- सदा हरयो हरसावो, गांगावत को गाँव,
- बारां को ओ बीरमों, नेहरो खाट्यो नाँव।
Route Bikaner to Jaipur National Highway-11 passes through the village Harsawa. Harsawa is located at 27°55' North, 74°59' East. The railway line from Bikaner to Jaipur also passes through it. The total geographical area of the village is 4000 bigha.
The natural climatic conditions in the village are very harsh and extreme. The temperature ranges from sub-zero in winters to more than 50 °C in summers. The summers bring hot waves of air called "loo". The village lies in the Thar Desert region. Annual rainfall is very low, of the scale of 450 mm. The ground water in the village is hard and salty and as deep as 200 feet (60 m). The people in the region depend on rainwater for agriculture. The rainwater is stored in pucca tanks and used for drinking purposes. On an average the region faces every third year as a dry year and every eighth year as a famine year. During famine years it becomes very difficult for the animals to survive for want of fodder and the cattle population goes down drastically.
The main occupation of the villgers is agriculture. There are 140 persons serving the Indian Army, Central and State Govts. About 110 people have gone to Arab countries for earning. 3 families of Dhadhi caste are engaged in music and have gone to Pakistan. Large number of people of the village work in Agricultural Research Station Fatehpur and Central Sheep Breeding Farm Fatehpur, which are located just adjoining the village.
Harsawa is considered to be a progressive village of the region. Education in the village was started in 1934 with the cooperation of villagers. Hardev Singh Nehra started formal education in 1935 with the help of Birlas under ‘Varnacular’ scheme. The first Primary School was started by the state Govt. in 1949. Presently it has been upgraded to High School. Number of private schools is also.
Role in the abolition of Jagirs
Harsawa has played an important role in the abolition of Jagirs. Before independence the conditions of the farmers were worst. The farmers were exploited and oppressed by the Jagirdars during British Raj. They were deprived of fundamental rights. They were given inhuman treatment when the Jagirdars did not get cesses known as “lag” or “begar” in time, they were given hard punishments and their crops used to be destroyed. The farmers of Harsawa united against oppression of Jagirdars and stopped giving cesses. Chaudhari Motaram and 15 others of the village Harsawa were arrested by Raja of Sikar in 1935 and imprisoned for three months. Farmers, mainly the Jats, under the leadership of Hardev Singh Nehra joined ‘Sikar Jat-Kisan-Panchayat’ and ‘Jaipur Praja-Mandal’ along with the Shekhawati farmers. After a long struggle the farmers got rid of oppression and got the ownership rights over the land they were cultivating.
- Hardeo Singh Nehra - Freedom fighter
- Geo Location of Harsawa Bara
- Google link for Harsawa
- Villages in the Fatehpur tehsil, Sikar district
- Delimtation Commission Report
- Geographic features around Harsāwa, in Rājasthān, India
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