Toor

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Toor (तूर)[1] Tur (तूर)[2] Tur (तुर)[3] Tuar (तुअर) Tomar (तोमर) is same gotra Jats. Toor, Tomar and Salkalan are considered the same gotras. They are found in Punjab, Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh and Pakistan. Turi (तूरी ) or Tori (तोरी) or Tawari (तवरी) or Tuari (तुअरी) clan is found in Afghanistan. Dilip Singh Ahlawat has mentioned it as one of the ruling Jat clans in Central Asia. [4]

Contents

Origin

  • Toor - The Toor Jat claim Tomar Jat ancestry. In fact, Toor is a shortened form of Tomar.
  • Toor Jat clan people are descendants of king Raja Anagpal Tomar. of Delhi.[5]Tomar in Hindi and Taur in Panjabi and Desi Boli is same Tomar jat gotra of Raja Anagpal Tomar. Taur is mostly Panjabi Jatt Sikh in Punjab. Tuar origin is also from Delhi area same Raja Anagpal Tomar.

History

Dilip Singh Ahlawat has mention it as one of the ruling Jat clans in Central Asia. [6] Toor is an Agnivanshi Jat clan included in Chauhans.[7]

H.A. Rose[8] mentions about Tur in a mirasi's chāp or ballad regarding the great deeds of the Chaddrar clan, found along the whole length of the Chenab and Ravi valleys, but far most numerous in Jhang, where they for the most part regard themselves as Rajputs, the Chhadhars claim to be descended from Raja Tur, Tunwar.

Tur phir tawāna hoeā, Jis kul Tārā pāeā ne ; Rājā khub bhalā Ravilan. Jis Dilii Koṭ banāeā ne.

Meaning- Tunwar then became, strong. From which family Tara was born ; Raja Ravilan was a fine hero. Who built the fort of Delhi.

In Rigveda

Bhim Singh Dahiya has identified the Tur Jat clan with the Rigvedic Tribe - Tura : (RV 1/18/2, VI/25/5, VIII/3/13, VII/41/2, V/4/5. VI/48/12 VII/40/1, l/171/1, VII/40/l etc.). Turvas is also mentioned as a king in RV X/63/10 and VI/20/12 etc. Turan are noted in RV 1/173/1, and ancient King Tura in 1/121/3.

यो रेवान यो अमीवहा वसुवित पुष्टिवर्धनः |
स नः सिषक्तु यस्तुरः || (RV 1/18/2)
नहि तवा शूरो न तुरो न धर्ष्णुर्न तवा योधो मन्यमानो युयोध |
इन्द्र नकिष टवा परत्यस्त्येषां विश्वा जातान्यभ्यसि तानि || (RV VI/25/5)
कन नव्यो अतसीनां तुरो गर्णीत मर्त्यः |
नही नवस्य महिमानमिन्द्रियं सवर्ग्र्णन्त आनशुः || (RV VIII/3/13

They are also mentioned in Sat.Br. IX/5/2,35. Zimmer and McDonnel, took this tribe as one of the five main Aryan tribes. They are justified also because the Avesta mentions these five tribes as Arya, Turya, Dahi, Shor,and Sarmat. The last, in fact, is the name of the Alans. Perhaps the Alinas of RV, but I am taking it as Aulan. All these five tribes can be identified with the five tribes of the Jats, who are now Known as Arya, Tur, Dahiya, Sheoran, and Aulan/Sarmata respectively. In the Rigveda, they are expressly called Panca Jatah i.e. five Jats.

In Mahabharata

Shalya Parva, Mahabharata/Book IX Chapter 44 mentions Tur tribe in verse 66 as combatant who came to the ceremony for investing Kartikeya with the status of generalissimo:

तुहनश च तुहानश च चित्रथेवश च वीर्यवान
मधुरः सुप्रसादश च किरीटी च महाबलः (Mahabharata:IX.44.66)

Origin of Tur

Bhim Singh Dahiya has explained the origin of Tur. He[9] writes The word, "Turk" is coined perhaps in the sixth and seventh centuries whereas the Kushanas lived in the second century B.C. to third century A.D. At the time of the Kusanas the word Turk was not in existence. It is in the sixth and seventh centuries, after the rise of the Turkish people and their occupation of the area now called Turkistan - the home of the Kusanas-that these areas came to be associated with the name of Turk. The fact is that some Yue-che tribes who remained in their homes in Central Asia, later on mingled with the Turks who were one of their own clans, called "Turs". But prior to the 2nd/3rd century A.D., when there was no "Turks" at all the very idea of assigning Turkish origin to the Kushanas is out of the question. Who comes first, the father or the son? The Chinese sources are consistent in maintaining that the Turks are the descendants of the Biung-Nu or Hunas and not vice versa. It was only in 551 A.D., that the people of Altai area, revolted against the Jujuans (another Jat clan now called Janjua) and established their state with capital near Orkhon in outer Mongolia. These people were called Tu-Kiue by the Chinese and Turks by others. Prior to 551 A.D., the word 'Turk' was not in use, at least, and they must be a minor can. [10]


The Pehlavi Bundahesh, derives the Tur/Tour/Turk, as follows:

Fredun → Tour/Tur → Jaeshm → Peshang → Frasiao

As per Masoudi this person Tur or Tour was the ancestor of all the Turks, and there is no evidence to contradict this view. It is significant that this clan of Turs is still existing in India. Mohan Singh Tur, at present a member of National Parliament, belongs to this clan. Iranian sources also say that daughter of the descendants of Fredun, named Baboudukht, was married to Kabad (Kavadh) In 498 A.D. when he was in exile with the Aksuvans (Kasuans). Noshirwan was born to her. Noshirwan too, married another daughter of the Khakan, and Hormuzd, his successor, was born from her. [11] While we are on this topic let us see the last named descendant of Tur, viz., Frāsiāo. Firdausi gives the name as Afrasiāb and mentions his brother as Karsevaz. He was king of the Turanians, who fought the battle of Balkh, under their general Piran against the Iranian king Kae Khushru. This war ended in a treaty. However, the next Turanian King, Arjasp, fought again and killed not only Lohrasp, son of Kakhushru, but also Zoroaster, the founder of Zoroastrianism. He is stated to have extinguished the "Sacred fire" of their temples and Gushtasp himself, the king, was defeated and fled away. [12] Now our point is this: Is not the Frasiao of Bundahesh and Afrasiab of Firdausi -the same as Bharashiva of India? The so-called Bharashivas or Naga rulers of Mathura/Gwalior, under and after the Kushanas, must be the same as this Frasiao of central Asia. The similarity is too striking to be amenable to any other explanation. Otherwise also the Indian name Bharashiva,does not render itself to any reasonable meaning. Bhara is "weight" , and Shiva is of course, God Shiva; so, Bharasiva means a "load on/of Shiva". Were they (the Bharashivas) a load on Shiva or was Shiva a load on them?

Therefore, the Bharashivas of Mathura, etc. were from the Tur clan of Jats, and they cannot be taken as the indigenous power which drove away the Kushanas from India. This theory of Dr Jayaswal, based solely on the evidence of coins, is not at all tenable.[13] The Bharashivas were the Turs of Jats and they could not, be instrumental in destroying the Jat empire under their Kasvan clan. That the word Bharashiva, is the Sanskritised form of Frāsiāo/admits of no difficulty. There is even now a town called Afrasiab, near Samarkand, where excavation work has been done by G. Trever.[14]

So, Tur was the great grandfather of the first Frāsiāo, the Bharashiva of India. Their names Traya, Haya and Barhiṇa-are certainly not Indian names.

Relations with Sassanid emperor

During the time of Naushervan (531-579 AD), the Sassanid emperor of Iran ( who was himself born of a Jat lady of Tur clan, married by his father, Kavadh, in 498 AD when he was in exile and seeking the help of his Jat relations), we find that their chief, Khakan, at Balkh was in favour of peace with the Iranians. [15]

Bhim Singh Dahiya writes that the Turas identified with the Turvasha of ancient India, are further to be identified with the Tur clan. An area in Iran was called Tur and another area in Baluchistan is called Turan. [16]

Turi in Afghanistan

H. W. Bellew[17] writes that Turi or Tori represent the Tawari or Tuars, formerly an important tribe in these parts, and a branch of the celebrated Tomar, Tawar, or Tuar clan, once a powerful and ruling tribe in India, and to which belonged the last dynasty of Hindu sovereigns who reigned at Delhi, when the Brahman dominion was overthrown by Islam under Shahabuddin Ghori, towards the end of the twelfth century. By some the Turi are said to claim descent from the Khaters, but this name does not appear among their clans or sections. The Turi are a dark-skinned, short, and wiry people, but very active and hardy ; they are said to be skilful and bold riders on horseback, and to observe some customs peculiar to themselves ; they wear their hair long and are scantily clad, and are addicted to a wandering life in tents, within the limits of their country, which formerly extended as far as Torawari in Miranzai. At present they are confined to the Kuram valley and the southern slopes of Sufed Koh, the Balyamin district of Kuram being their principal seat. , Formerly they extended westward of the Pewar ridge to the head waters of the Kuram river ; their Ali clan having given its name to a considerable tract here, called Alikhel, which is now occupied by the Jaji tribe. The Turi are all Shia' Musalmans, and are reckoned at ten thousand families ; they are in five main divisions or clans, collectively styled Panjpadri, "Five Fathers" viz.,— Gundi, Ali, Mastu, Sarghali, and Dopa.

Distribution in Rajasthan

Village in Hanumangarh

Pratapnagar, Sangaria,

Distribution in Madhya Pradesh

Bhopal,

Distribution in Uttar Pradesh

Village in Jyotiba Phule Nagar

Toor village in Jyotiba Phule Nagar in Amroha tahsil in Uttar Pradesh.

Distribution in Punjab

Village in Firozpur district

Toor,

Villages in Gurdaspur district

  • Toor named village is in Gurdaspur tahsil of Gurdaspur district in Punjab, India.

Villages in Hoshiarpur district

Villages in Sangrur district

Distribution in Pakistan

Toor - The Toor Jat claim Tomar Jat ancestry. In fact, Toor is a shortened form of Tomar. Most of the Toor Jats were found in Amritsar and Jalandhar. They are now found mainly in Lahore, Gujranwala and Faisalbad.

Notable persons

  • Sher Singh Toor - Ex. Principal, Chotala Road , Sangaria. Ph: 01499-251277
  • Mohan Singh Tur - Ex. member of Indian Parliament.
  • Late Chandra Mohan Singh Patel (Toor) - Retired as Joint Director in Madhya Pradesh Agriculture Department, Bhopal. Died in May 2005.
  • श्री आदित्यपाल सिंह तूर पुत्र श्री सत्यपाल सिंह संगरिया[18]

Gallery of Toor people

See also

Tomar

References

  1. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. त-20
  2. B S Dahiya:Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study), p.244, s.n.237
  3. O.S.Tugania:Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu,p.43,s.n. 1135
  4. Dilip Singh Ahlawat: Jat viron ka Itihas
  5. Bhim Singh Dahiya, Jats the Ancient Rulers ( A clan study), p. 91
  6. Dilip Singh Ahlawat: Jat viron ka Itihasa
  7. Ompal Singh Tugania: Chauhanvanshi Lakra Jaton ka Itihas, Jaypal Agencies, Agra. Ch 32
  8. A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/B , p.159
  9. Bhim Singh Dahiya: Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study)/The Jats, p. 29,30
  10. See Paul Pelliot, La Haute Asie, p. 12.
  11. See J. J. Modi in JBBRAS 1914, Vol. xxiv, p. 575.
  12. ibid., p. 10.
  13. JNSI, VP. III, p. 134.
  14. G. Trever, Less Monuments de-L'art Greco-Bactriem, p. XL.
  15. Bhim Singh Dahiya, Jats the Ancient Rulers ( A clan study), p. 261
  16. Bhim Singh Dahiya, Jats the Ancient Rulers ( A clan study), p. 306
  17. An Inquiry Into the Ethnography of Afghanistan, p.98
  18. http://www.swamikeshwanand.com/Donors%20List.aspx sn 94

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