Kanka

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Kanka (कङ्क) was a Suryavanshi King. Kanker (कांकेर) district in Chhattisgarh is said to get name after Mahabharata tribe named Kanka (कंक).

Jat Gotras from Kanka

Kang (कंग) Kang (कांग) Kangri (कंगरी) Jat Gotras originated from The Mahabharata Tribes Kanka (कङ्क). [1]

In Mahabharata

Adi Parva, Mahabharata/Mahabharata Book I Chapter 188 gives us list of Kshatriyas who came on Swayamvara of Draupadi. Kanka is mentioned in shloka 18:

विडूरथशकङ्कशसमीकः सारमेजयः
वीरॊ वातपतिश चैव झिल्ली पिण्डारकस तथा
उशीनरशविक्रान्तॊ वृष्णयस ते परकीर्तिताः

The Mahabharata Tribes mention Kanka (कङ्क) in the tribute list Mahabharata (II.47.26) as wearing horns, a practice among some Iranian tribes of Central Asia. A Jat tribe living between Beas and Sutlej in Punjab is as Kang; claims descent from solar race of Ayodhya. [2]

शकास तुखाराः कङ्काश च रॊमशाः शृङ्गिणॊ नराः
महागमान थूरगमान गणितान अर्बुथं हयान (II.47.26)

In Sanskrit works, they are mentioned as Kankas. See Shalya Parva, Mahabharata/Book IX Chapter 44 shloka 69:

अचलः कनकाक्षशबालानाम अयिकः परभुः
संचारकः कॊक नथॊ गृध्रवक्त्रश च जम्बुकः ।। 69 ।। (Mahabharata:IX.44.69)

(Sanskrit-शकास्तुखारा कंकाश्च रोमशः श्रंगिणों नराः)

In Puranas

Vishnu Purana[3] gives list of Kings who ruled Magadha. ...After these, various races will reign, as seven Ábhíras, ten Garddhabas, sixteen Śakas, eight Yavanas, fourteen Tusháras, thirteen Mundas, eleven Maunas, altogether seventy-nine princes , who will be sovereigns of the earth for one thousand three hundred and ninety years.

Total--85 kings, Váyu; 89, Matsya; 76, and 1399 years, Bhág.

कृष्ण वंशावली में कंक

उग्रसेन के नौ पुत्र थे, उनमें कंस ज्येष्ठ था। उनके नाम हैं- न्यग्रोध, सुनामा, कंक, शंकु अजभू, राष्ट्रपाल, युद्धमुष्टि और सुमुष्टिद। उनके कंसा, कंसवती, सतन्तू, राष्ट्रपाली और कंका नाम की पाँच बहनें थीं, जो परम सुन्दरी थीं। अपनी संतानों सहित उग्रसेन कुकुर-वंश में उत्पन्न हुए कहे जाते हैं भजमान का पुत्र महारथी विदूरथ और शूरवीर राजाधिदेव विदूरथ का पुत्र हुआ।

Bhagavata Purana

'A study of the Bhagavata Purana; or, Esoteric Hinduism' by Purnendu Narayana Sinha, pp 226-227 mentions that (10) ten kings of the Sunga dynasty shall reign for 112 years.

Thee thirty kings of the Andhra dynasty shall rule the earth for 456 years. Seven Abhiras, kings of Avabhriti, ten Gardabhins (men of Gardabha) and sixteen Kankas shall then be the rulers. They shall be followed by 8 Yavanas, 14 Turushkas and ten Surundas. These 65 kings shall reign for one thousand and ninety nine years. Eleven Moulas shall then be the kings for 300 years.

Sabha Parva, Mahabharata/Book II Chapter 47 mentions the kings who brought tributes to Pandavas:

"And the Sakas and and Tukharas and Kankas and Romas and men with horns bringing with them as tribute numerous large elephants and ten thousand horses, and hundreds and hundreds of millions of gold waited at the gate, being refused permission to enter."
शकास तुखाराः कङ्काश च रॊमशाः शृङ्गिणॊ नराः
महागमान थूरगमान गणितान अर्बुदं हयान Mahabharata (2.47.26)

Sabha Parva, Mahabharata/Book II Chapter 13 mentions Rajasuya sacrifice, numerous royal lines and other ordinary Kshatriyas:

"Besides these, there are others, O king, whom I shall presently name. They are Kritavarman, Anadhrishti, Samika, Samitinjaya, Kanka, Sanku and Kunti. These seven are Maharathas."
57 एवम एते रदा सप्त राजन्न अन्यान निबॊध मे
   कृतवर्मा अनाधृष्टिः समीकः समितिंजयः Mahabharata (2.13.57)
58 कह्वः शङ्कुर निथान्तश च सप्तैवैते महारदाः
   पुत्रौ चान्धकभॊजस्य(Andhaka+Bhoja) वृथ्धॊ राजा च ते थश (2.13.58)

History

Kankas are mentioned as a branch of Jadubansi Abhiras mostly found in the Ahirwati and Hariana.[4]

References

  1. Sandhya Jain:Adideo Arya Devata, A Panoramic view of Tribal-Hindu Cultural Interface, Published in 2004 by Rupa & Co, 7/16, Ansari Road, Daryaganj, New Delhi, p.131
  2. Sandhya Jain:Adideo Arya Devata, A Panoramic view of Tribal-Hindu Cultural Interface, Published in 2004 by Rupa & Co, 7/16, Ansari Road, Daryaganj, New Delhi, p.131
  3. Vishnu Purana/Book IV:Chapter XXIV pp.474-476
  4. A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/A,p.5

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