|Author:Laxman Burdak, IFS (Retd.)|
Kheda (खेड़ा) is a town and district in Gujarat.
- Kaira (कैरा) (गुजरात) (p.226)
- Khetaka Ahara (खेटक आहार) = Kaira (कैरा) (गुजरात) (AS, p.258)
- Kie-cha (Hwen Thsang)
Kheda, also known as Kaira, is 35 km from Ahmedabad. The National Highway no. 8 connecting Ahmedabad and Mumbai passes through Kheda. Kheda is on the bank of the river "Vatrak" and "Shedhi". Kheda is located at 22.75°N 72.68°E.
The town of Kheda passed to the Babi family early in the eighteenth century, with whom it remained until 1763, when it was taken by the Marathas. The Marathas ceded the district to the British in 1803, and it became part of the Bombay Presidency of British India. It was a large military station until 1830, when the cantonment was removed to Deesa. Gujjars established many villages in the Kheda District area, as did Jats and other groups.
Kheda is also where Gandhi launched a Satyagraha struggle against oppressive taxation by the British at a time of famine.
विजयेन्द्र कुमार माथुर ने लेख किया है ... कैरा (AS, p.226) गुजरात का प्राचीन खेटक ज़िला है। यह वलभी नरेशों के समय (छठी-सातवीं ई.) में गुजरात का प्रसिद्ध आहार (ज़िला) था। वलभिराज ध्रुवभट्ट शीलादित्य सप्तम के अलिना ताम्रपट्ट लेख में खेटक आहार के महिलाभिग्राम के दान में दिए जाने का उल्लेख है।
Visit by Xuanzang in 640 AD
Alexander Cunningham writes that The district of Kie-cha, or Kheda, is placed by Hwen Thsang at 300 li, or 50 miles to the north-west of Malwa. As both M. Stanislas Julien and M. Vivien de Saint-Martin render Kie-cha by Khacha, which they identify in the peninsula of Kachh, I am bound to state the ground on which I venture to propose a different reading. On looking over the other names in which the peculiar symbol cha is used, I find that it occurs in the well-known names of Patali-putra and Kukkuta, where it represents the cerebral ṭ, and again in O.cha-li, which M. Julien renders by Aṭali, and M. de Saint- Martin identifies with the desert region of the Thal, or Thar. Consistently, therefore, the name of Kie-cha should be rendered Khe-ta. Now Kheda is the true
[p.493]: Sanskrit form of Kaira, a large town of Gujarat, situated between Ahmadabad and Khambay; and I would therefore identify the pilgrim's Kie-cha with Kheda. It is true that Hwen Thsang's recorded distance is only 300 li, but there are so many mistakes in the bearings and distances of this part of the pilgrim's journey, that I have no hesitation in proposing a correction of the text, by reading 1800 li, or 217 miles, which is very nearly the exact distance between Kaira and Dhar. "When we remember that the province of Malwa was bounded on the east, within 25 miles, by the independent territory of Ujain, it is difficult to perceive how there could have been any other state within 50 miles of Dhar, otherwise the territory of Malwa would have been compressed to a breadth of about 50 miles, between Ujain and Kheda. But this difficulty is entirely removed by adopting my proposed correction, by which the district of Kheda becomes the extreme western division of the kingdom of Malwa. Hwen Thsang estimates its circuit at 3000 li, or 500 miles, a size which agrees very well with the probable limits of the district of Kaira, which may be stated as extending from the bank of the Sabarmati on the west, to the great bend of the Mahi river on the north-east, and to Baroda in the south. In shape it is a rough square.
Jats in Kheda District
The clans of Jats in Gujarat are similar to those of Jats of North India. The following clans are found in the Kheda District. The way they are written in Gujarati is given in brackets. Kheda District is one of few districts in Gujarat with a Jat population (Banas Kantha, Mehsana, Sabar Kantha, Kachchh, etc.)
- Chauhan, Chawan, Chahar (Chauhan)
- Gaur, Goru (Gaur, Gor)
- Godara-Godha (Goda)
- Gulia (Galia)
- Maan (Manar)
Many of the villages have names based on the clans of Jats who inhabited them. These are some of those clans:
Rajputs in this District are usually of the Chauhan clan. There are Vohra/Vora Gujjar populations also.
Kheda had a population of 24,034. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Kheda has an average literacy rate of 70%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 77%, and female literacy is 63%. In Kheda, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.
There are many religious places to visit in Kheda.
- Meldi Mata Temple - There is one temple of Meldi Mata in Kheda, which holds annual fair every year on the 13th 14th and 15 February. Around 100000 people visit kheda during this time.
- Khedia Hanuman Temple- Famous "Khedia Hanuman Temple" at the Hanuman Tekro (literally translated Hunuman Hill). Built by king Mayurdhwaj of kheda.
- Shree Mahalaxmi Temple, more than 100 years old temple near Vatrak river.
- Shree Mahalaxmi Mataji's moorti (Statue) made up of pure white marble.
- Shree Mankameshvar Temple, people are travelling from different places from India and abroad.
- Shree Somath temple,
- Shree Hanumanji temple,
- Bhadrakali temple,
- Ramji Mandir, Haveli,
- Bahucahraji Mandir,
- Shree Meldi Mataji,
- Shree Nilkanth Mahadev,
- Shree Khodiyar Madir near Kheda, beautiful Jain temple.
- The Ancient Geography of India: I. The Buddhist Period, Including the Campaigns of Alexander, and the Travels of Hwen-Thsang. By Sir Alexander Cunningham, p.492-493
- Aitihasik Sthanavali by Vijayendra Kumar Mathur, p.226
- The Ancient Geography of India/Maheswarapura, p.492-493
- Julien's ' Hiouen Thsang,' iii. 161.
- VP Desai's book "Bharat ke chaudhary" (Bharatna Anjana)
- Mahaveer Singh Verma: Jat Veer Smarika 1992 – "Jat Samaj Ahmedabad"
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