Ratiwar

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Ishwar Lal Ratiwar, Viryakhedi

Ratiwar (रतिवार) Rattiwar (रत्तिवार) is Gotra of Jats found in Ratlam district in Madhya Pradesh.

Origin

They are descendants of Nagavanshi king Rati or Ratti or Ratta. This Nagavanshi king probably gives name to Ratlam.

History

Rajatarangini[1] mentions the victory of Kashmira king Lalitaditya over Konkana kingdom. ....Karnāta submitted on his approach. A beautiful Karnāti lady named Ratti who ruled supreme in the south, her territories extending


[p.69]: as far as the Vindhya hills, also submitted to him. The army then rested on the banks of the Kaveri beneath the palm trees, drinking the water of coconuts. Thence he marched to Chandanadri. And then the king crossed the sea passing from one Island to another ; and thence marched towards the west, the sea singing the songs of his victory. He then attacked the seven Kramuka and the seven Kongkana which suffered much thereby. His army was anxious to enter Dvaraka situated on the Western Sea. The army then crossed the Vindhya hills and entered Avanti where there was an image of Shiva named Mahakala.


Dr Naval Viyogi in his book "Nagas: the Ancient Rulers of India" [2] has provided a list of some important Gotras of Tak kshatriyas and explained their history. The list includes Jat as well Rati.

Dr Naval Viyogi also writes that there was a Naga family of Ratta people in the south. Ratta was naga king of Mahinsak-Ratta. C.V. Vaidya [3] has traced out the relation of queen of Ratta family with the region of eastern valley. Kalhan has described her, as the queen of Ratta family of Karnat country, which has been equated with Karnataka and the region has been called Mahinsaka in pali literature and Mahishaka in sanskrit. The rule of Ratta in karnataka was in in 7-8th century. [4]

Dr Naval Viyogi quotes the opinion of N K Dutta according to whom Aratta were round headed Iranians, and were known as Rattika or Ratta, whose mention has been made in the inscription of Ashoka. This Rattika or Ratta is a variation of Iranian word 'Rathaestha'. Hulus has equated Ratta with the Arattioi of Periplus and Aratta of Punjab. [5]

There is evidence from Shankhapal jataka that there was a naga king of Ratta or Aratta family who were Karaskaras. [6]


Copper-plates issued by the Yadavas of Devagiri mention the Nāgas as its oldest known rulers.[7] Rashtrakutas, Satavahanas, Vakatakas, Chalukyas, Chutus, Vishnukundina have ruled Kuntala, as suggested by stone inscriptions and copperplates.[8] Kuntala is identified with Raṭṭapāḍi which is translated as settlements of the Raṭṭas.[9] Copper-plates of Pulakeshin II speak of him as the king of three Mahārāṣṭrakas, Kuntala being one of the Maharashtrakas (other two being Vidarbha, and Konkan region of 99,000 villages.

Distribution in Madhya Pradesh

Villages in Ratlam district

Sikhedi is a notable village of this gotra. Villages in Ratlam district with population of this gotra are:

Berchha 2, Chikliya 1, Dantodiya 5, Dhaunswas 13, Dheekwa 4, Ghatwas 8, Hanumanpalia 2, Jharsandala 2, Kalori 1, Kalori khurd 1, Kanchan khedi 1, Mundari 2, Namli 2, Panched 1, Rupa kheda 1, Sikhedi 56, Surana 2,

Distribution in Punjab

Ratta, Rattar Chhattar named Villages are in Dera Baba Nanak tahsil in Gurdaspur district in Punjab.

Notable persons

External links

References

  1. Rajatarangini of Kalhana:Kings of Kashmira/Book IV,p.68-69
  2. Dr Naval Viyogi: Nagas – The Ancient Rulers of India, p.160
  3. C.V. Vaidya:History of Medieval Hindu India, Part II p.301
  4. Dr Naval Viyogi: Nagas – The Ancient Rulers of India, p.313-314
  5. Dr Naval Viyogi: Nagas – The Ancient Rulers of India, p. 406
  6. Dr Naval Viyogi: Nagas – The Ancient Rulers of India, p. 350
  7. Moraes, George Mark (1931). The Kadamba Kula: A History of Ancient and Mediaeval Karnataka (AES reprint,illustrated ed.). Asian Educational Services. pp. 1–7. ISBN 9788120605954.
  8. Encyclopaedia of Ancient Indian Geography, Volume 2 (Edited by Subodh Kapoor ed.). Genesis Publishing Pvt Ltd. 2002. pp. 403–404. ISBN 9788177552997.
  9. Karnataka State Gazetteer: Belgaum. Director of Print, Stationery and Publications at the Government Press. 1987.

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