People belonging to this gotra are found in large numbers as Hindus and Sikhs in the Punjab and as Muslim in Pakistan. They are found in Gwalior in Madhya Pradesh also
The ancestor of the Cheema gotra was one Chanuma in 21st generation of Urdas (Ardas). They have been referred to as being neighbors of Sindhi and Gandhara Kshatriyas. This shows that they hailed from Afghanistan.
In the "Puranas Darada" the Cheema (Clans) sub-tribes have been called Rakshasas (Demons) not having right to see the Brahmin. They did not follow the Brahminical rituals, because they were the followers of Buddhism and they always drove out the preachers of the Brahminical faith.
H.A. Rose on Chima
H.A. Rose writes that Chima (चीमा) is One of the largest Jat tribes in the Punjab. They say that some 25 generations back their ancestor Chima, a Chauhan jat , fled from Delhi after the defeat of Rai Tanura† (Prithi Raj), by Muhammad of Ghor, first to Kangra in the Delhi District and then to Amritsar, where his son Chotu Mal founded a village on the Beas in the time of Ala-ud-din. His grandson was called Rana Kang, and the youngest of his eight sons, Dhol (the name appears among the Hinjra), was tho ancestor of their present clans— Dogal, Mohtil, Nagara and Chima. The Chima have the peculiar marriage customs described under tho Sahi Jats, and they are said to be served by Jogis instead of Brahmans, but now-a-days Bhania purohits are said to perform their ceremonies. They are a powerful and united tribe, but quarrelsome. They are said to marry within the tribe as well as with their neighbours. The bulk of the tribe embraced Islam in the times of Firoz Shah and Aurangzeb, but many retain their old customs. They are most numerous in Sialkot, but hold 42 villages in Gujranwala, and have spread both eastwards and westwards along the foot of the hills.
- It is noteworthy that tho tribe takes its generic name from its youngest clan, and is descended from Dhol, a youngest son.
- Another genealogy is—
- I. Rai Tanura → Chotu Mal → Chima (4th in descent) → Audhan → Ravan, founded Chima.
- II. Rai Tanura → Chotu Mal → Chima (4th in descent) → Audhar
- The Sialkot Pamphlet of 1866 makes them Somabansi Rajputs, claiming descent from Rama (sic) Ganj. It also says they follow the chundavand rule of inheritance.
H.A. Rose writes that The Chima again are said to be served by Jogis, and not by Brahmans. They perform Jathera and chhatra as follows : — Eight or ten days before a marriage rice is cooked and taken to the spot dedicated to their ancestor ; from one to five goats are also taken thither and washed and a lamp is lighted. One of the goats' ears is then cut, and the brotherhood mark their foreheads with blood (chhatra). The goat is killed for food, but the immediate relatives of the bride do not eat of its flesh, which is divided among the others ; the rice, however, is distributed to all.
Distribution in Punjab
Villages in Patiala district
Villages in Amritsar district
Villages in Ludhiana district
Villages in Jalandhar district
Villages in Firozpur district
Villages in Hoshiarpur district
Villages in Gurdaspur district
Villages in Sangrur district
Distribution in Uttar Pradesh
Villages in Jyotiba Phule Nagar district
Villages in Ghaziabad district
Villages in Bareilly district
Distribution in Punjab
Villages in Moga district
Distribution in Rajasthan
Villages in Bharatpur district
In Bharatpur district More Than 2 Village of Hindu Cheema gotra.
Distribution in Pakistan
Cheema is One of the very politically influencial Jat castin Punjab Pakistan. They are regarded as an elite and aristocratic race and are known to own large number of agriculture lands. For decades the National and Punjab government / cabinets have had a major number of Cheema leaders. The main concentration of the Cheema tribe are Gujranwala and Sialkot districts and Bahawalpur and Tehsil Yazman. In Bahawalpur, Tariq Basheer Cheema (Minister / City Nazim) had built a city called "Cheema Town" and sold it to the city of Bahawalpur. The Cheema were also found in Amritsar and Kapurthala. A few Cheema villages are also found in Rawalpindi District.
According to 1911 census this principal Muslim Jat clan was in following districts with population:
- Sialkot District - Cheema (7,446)
- Gujranwala District - Cheema (21,735)
- Lahore District - Cheema (603)
- Amritsar District - Cheema (137)
- Gujrat District - Cheema (2,572)
- Shahpur (Sargodha District) District - Cheema (2,708)
- Lyalpur District (Faisalabad District) - Cheema (629)
- Multan District - Cheema (1,018)
Notable persons from this clan
- A.S. Chima - First Indian to climb Mt Everest. (Jat Samaj:11/2013,p.24)
- Late Ch. Fazal Elahi Cheema - Former Chief Justice and Care taker President of Pakistan.
- Pir Badoke - Saint of Chima Gotra.पीर बादोके - चीमा गोत्री
- Sikandar Hayat Khan (Chima) - Unionist Party Politician and Chief Minister of the Pre-partion Punjab.
- लाखन पीर - चीमा गोत्री
- पीर बादोक्यान - चीमा गोत्री
- Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. 66
- B S Dahiya:Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study), p.237, s.n.38
- A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/C, p.171
- A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/J, p.373
- History and study of the Jats, B.S Dhillon, p.126
- History and study of the Jats, B.S Dhillon, p.124
- History and study of the Jats, B.S Dhillon, p.123
- History and study of the Jats, B.S Dhillon, p.127
- History and study of the Jats, B.S Dhillon, p. 127
- Ram Swarup Joon: History of the Jats, Rohtak, India,1967
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