Aryaka

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Map of Lycia in Antalya Province of Turkey, showing significant ancient cities and some major mountains and rivers. Red dots are mountain peaks, white dots are ancient cities. Each place in this map is after some Jat clan

Aryaka (आर्यक) was a Nagavanshi ruler mentioned in Mahabharata.

Variants

Aryaka (अर्यक) (AS, p.40)

Jat clan

Aryak (आर्यक) Jat gotra gets its name from Nagavanshi ruler named Aryaka (आर्यक).[1]

History

Arycanda or Arykanda is an Ancient Lycian city in Antalya Province in the Mediterranean Region of Turkey. Arycandos River flows through it. Aryak (आर्यक) Jat gotra gets its name from Nagavanshi ruler named Aryaka (आर्यक).[2] Aryaka may have probably given name to this city and the River.


Aryaka is mentioned to have born in the race of Kauravya. Kauravya is born in the race of Airavata. Aryaka's son was named Chikura. Chikura was slain by a Suparna. Chikura's wife was the daughter of a Naga named Vamana. Chikura's son was named Sumukha. Matali, the charioteer of Deva king Indra chose Sumukha as his daughter Gunakesi's husband (5,103). Matali's son was Gomukha[3] [4]

अर्यक

विजयेन्द्र कुमार माथुर[5] ने लेख किया है ...अर्यक (AS, p.40) बृहत्संहिता में उल्लिखित इस स्थान का अभिज्ञान पेरिप्लस नामक लैटिन यात्रा-वृत्त के 'एरिआके' से किया गया है।[6]

In Mahabharata

Aryaka (आर्यक) is mentioned in Mahabharata (I.31.7), (V.101.11)

Adi Parva, Mahabharata/Book I Chapter 31 mentions the names of Chief Nagas...Aryaka is listed in verse (I.31.7)....Nila, Anila, Kalmasha, Shabala, Aryaka, Adika, Shala, Potaka,.. [7]

Udyoga Parva/Mahabharata Book V Chapter 101 describes Bhogavati city and innumerable Nagas dwelling there....Aryaka is listed in verse (V.101.11)....Aryaka, Nandaka, Kalasa, Potaka, Kailasaka, Pinjaraka, Airavata, (Mahabharata:V.101.11)[8]

Distribution

Notable persons

References

  1. Dr Mahendra Singh Arya etc: Ādhunik Jat Itihas, Agra 1998.
  2. Dr Mahendra Singh Arya etc: Ādhunik Jat Itihas, Agra 1998.
  3. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naga_Kingdom
  4. Bhaleram Beniwal: Jāt Yodhaon ke Balidān, Publisher - Jaypal Agencies, Agra 2005, p.43
  5. Aitihasik Sthanavali by Vijayendra Kumar Mathur, p.40
  6. रायचौधरी- पॉलिटकिल हिस्ट्री आफ एंशेंट डंडिया, पृ. 406
  7. नीलानीलौ तथा नागौ कल्माषशबलौ तथा, आर्यकश चादिकश चैव नागश च शल पॊतकः (I.31.7)
  8. आर्यकॊ नन्दकश चैव तथा कलशपॊतकौ, कैलासकः पिञ्जरकॊ नागश चैरावतस तथा

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