Bal Ram Sorot
Bal Ram Jat (Sorot) was Chief of Army of Bharatpur state. He was brother of Rani Kishori, the wife of Maharaja Suraj Mal (1707 - 1763). Rani Kishori daughter of Chaudhary Kashi Ram Sorot of Hodal in Palwal district of Haryana. Balram Jat was brother-in-law of Maharaja Surajmal, who held the post of Chief Minister.
Administration of Bharatpur state
Dr Girish Chandra Dwivedi writes.... Several changes were effected in the land administration obtaining under Akbar. The pargana of Sahar was split into four parts-Sahar, Shergarh, Kosi and Shahpur. Mangotala was divided into Sonkh and Sonsa. Farah and possibly Mursan, Sahpau and Mant were made parganas about this time. Similar changes were made in several other districts of the kingdom. 20
Unfortunately, the full details of Suraj Mal's administrative set-up have not come down to us. Below the King, wno was the fountain-head, was probably the most powerful grandee, Balram Jat, (his brother-in-law) who held the post of Chief Minister.21 Jiwa Ram held the office of Diwan.22 As already told, Somnath was the Danadhyaksh (the head of the charity department). The management of the army seems to have been entrusted to several officers, each heading a sub-department. We know the names of two officers, Balram and Mohan Ram, who headed the cavalry and the artillery respectively. Balram was also the faujdar of the capital. 23 This leads us to infer that there were other faujdars as well. This apart, the posts of Mantri, Bakhshi, Katwal and Qiladar referred to in Sujan Charitra must have continued during the reign of Suraj Mal as well.24
20. Raghubir Singh, Brij., p. 192-193.
21. Sarkar, Fall, II, 469; cf. Memoires des Jats (Fr. Ms.) 45 footnote, 68.
22. Tawankh-i-Hunud (Pers. Ms.), 26a.
23. Nur., 77a Qanungo, Jats, 172; Sarkar, Fall, II, 469.
24. Sujan, 55, 104, 1/2, 194, 219, 220.
Suraj Mal's conquest of the imperial fort of Agra in 1761
Dr Girish Chandra Dwivedi writes.... Finding it opportune, now Suraj Mal despatched a big army (said to be consisting of the incredible figure of 50,000 horses and 1,00,000 foot), under Balram, while he himself stayed on at Mathura. The city and the nearby areas were taken over easily. The first Jat assault on the fort was, however, repulsed by the garrison. The Jats then laid a regular siege, but to capture the impregnable fort by an assault was an uphill task. After plundering the houses under the fort-walls the Jats imprisoned the dependents of the fort garrison, living there. At last, after a siege of less than a month, the fort commandant opened the gates, on being assured Rupees one lakh in cash and five villages for his maintenance. It is estimated that the Jats grabbed
[p.243] 50 lakhs from the place. Large quantities of stores of artillery, gunpowder, balls, furniture and other articles of the royal wardrobe were taken away. The best of the things were carried to Deeg and Bharatpur. Najib, on getting the intelligence of the Jat designs, had earlier planned to move out with Prince Jawan Bakht and to obstruct the Jats. Musavi Khan and Bahadur Khan Billoch had also joined him with a few thousand troops. However, considering his inferiority in men and ammunition, he wisely refrained from confronting the far out-numbering army of the enemy. Thus, a Jat became the master of Agra, the first Capital of the Great Mughals.
होडल के बलराम के बारे में इतिहासकार दिलीप सिंह, ठाकुर देशराज, उपेंद्र नाथ शर्मा लिखते हैं कि दिल्ली विजय के बाद देहली की चढ़ाई से लौट आने के पीछे उन्होंने अपरे आन्तरिक शत्रुओं के दमन करने की अत्यन्त आवश्यकता समझी। कुछ समय के पश्चात् वह आगरे गए और होडल के बलराम तथा दूसरे लोगों को गिरफ्तार करा लिया। बलराम और एक दूसरे सरदार ने अपने अपमान के डर से आत्महत्या कर ली।
...सूरजमल ने घसेरा के उत्तर दिशा के मोर्चे का नेतृत्व जवाहरसिंह को सौंपा। दक्षिण दिशा में बख्शी मोहनराम तथा सुल्तानसिंह एवं वीरनारायण सहित उसके भाई नियुक्त किए। बालू जाट को आवश्यकतानुसार किसी भी मोर्चे पर मदद पहुंचाने के लिए तैयार रखा गया। स्वयं सूरजमल 5,000 बन्दूकचियों एवं तोपखाने के साथ पूर्वी द्वार की ओर चला।
- Sarkar, Fall, II, 469; cf. Memoires des Jats (Fr. Ms.) 45 footnote, 68.
- Dr Girish Chandra Dwivedi: The Jats - Their Role in the Mughal Empire/Appendix E,p.282
- The Jats - Their Role in the Mughal Empire/Appendix E,p.282
- The Jats - Their Role in the Mughal Empire/Chapter XIII,p.242-243
- Rajwade, I, 288.
- Wendel simply mentions 50 lakhs. It is not clear whether it was cash or included valuables as well.
- Memoires des Jats (Fr. Ms.) 57-60; SPD., II, 144, XXIX, 5 and 10; Rajwade, I, 288 and 297; Mirat, 921; Siyar, III, 402; Gut. 116; Gulistan, 83; Sarkar, Fall, II, 382, 443-444.
- Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Chapter VIII (Page 669)
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