Balram Singh Tewatia
Balram Singh (death: 29.11.1753) (बलराम सिंह) was a Jat King of Tewatia gotra of the princely state of Ballabhgarh. He was son of Charan Das. He was brother in law of Maharaja Suraj Mal and mama of Maharaja Jawahar Singh.
The small kingdom of Ballabhgarh, 20 miles from Delhi, was founded in his name. At present Ballabhgarh is a town in Faridabad District of Haryana, India. Raja Nahar Singh (1823 – 1858) was a famous King of Ballabhgarh. The name of the Jat Raja Nahar Singh will always be highly regarded among those who martyred themselves in the 1857 war of independence.
The founders of the princely state of Ballabgarh had come from village Janauli, which is more than 2000 years old. The Tewatia Jat Sardar Gopal Singh left Janauli in 1705 (in Palwal) and got settled at Sihi, a village of Tewatia Jats in Ballabgarh at a distance of about 5 km from Ballabhgarh. The Mughal ruler Aurangzeb had died. Gopal Singh started establishing power in Delhi and Mathura areas. With the help of Gujars of village ‘Lagon’ he attacked Rajput Chaudhary of that area and did a treaty with Mugal officer Murtija Khan of Faridabad and became Chaudhary of Faridabad pargana in 1710. He wanted to expand his army and collect huge wealth but died soon. His successor was Charan Das. Charan Das was also ambitious and when saw weakening of the Mughal rule, he stopped paying malgujari. The army of Mughals arrested Charan Das.
Charan Das's son, Balram Singh, later rose to a powerful king. Princely state of Ballabgarh is after his name. He was brother in law of Maharaja Suraj Mal and mama of Maharaja Jawahar Singh. Jats along the Royal Delhi-Agra route at that time were in revolt against the oppressive Mughal rule. Tewatias of this area had already established themselves as counter force in this area. Balram Singh often called Ballu by the local people moved on a few Elephants, Horses and Camels loaded with Big drums (Nagaade) and Dhaunse (big band) followed by his local army. Went wherever Ballu with this band it was assumed that area was no longer of Mughals and Ballu had won that. It was a sort of Aswamedh Yagna that he performed. Here from started a saying "Dheeng Dheeng Ballu ka Raj". Immediately peace returned to those areas, which were won over by Ballu.
Murtija Khan’s son Akvitmahmud killed Balram Singh on 29 November 1753. After Balram Singh, Maharaja Suraj Mal appointed Balram Singh’s sons Bisan Singh and Kisan Singh as Kiledars. They ruled Ballabhgarh till 1774, when Hira Singh became the ruler of Ballabhgarh.
Raja Nahar Singh ascended the throne in 1829 and proved to be a just ruler. Raja Nahar Singh was ruler of 101 villages of Ballabhgarh.
सूरजमल ने शाही राजधानी दिल्ली तथा आगरा के निकट शाही जागीरों पर कब्जा करके वहां पर अपने जातीय लोगों को स्थापित करने और उन्हें पूर्ण संरक्षण करके अपने प्रभाव विस्तार की नीति अपनाई। दिल्ली के 20 मील दक्षिण में बल्लभगढ़ के स्थानीय जाट नेता बलराम ने, जो पहले फरीदाबाद का मालगुजार था, सूरजमल का समर्थन पाकर न केवल बल्लभगढ़ के अपने दुर्ग का निर्माण किया, बल्कि फरीदाबाद के स्थानीय मुग़ल अधिकारी जकरिया खान के पुत्र मीर याह्या खान को पराजित करके पलवल एवं फरीदाबाद के शाही परगनों पर अपना अधिकार स्थापित कर लिया। तेवतिया गोत्र के जाट बालू या बलराम के नाम पर इसका नामकरण बल्लभगढ़ हुआ2। (तारीखे अहमदशाही; पृ० 23अ)
- Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Chapter VIII (Page 664)
- Dilip Singh Ahlawat- “ Jat Viron ka Itihass”: 1857 - THE FIRST WAR OF INDIAN INDEPENDENCE
- Thakur Deshraj: Jat Itihas (Hindi), Maharaja Suraj Mal Smarak Shiksha Sansthan, Delhi, 1934, 2nd edition 1992.
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