Chaba

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Chaba

(Chhaba)

Location : Rajasthan, Haryana

Country : India

Languages : Rajasthani, Haryanvi

Religion : Hinduism

चाबा जाटों का बधावन समारोह

Chhaba (छाबा)[1] or Chaba (चाबा) gotra Jats live in Jaipur, Nagaur, Pali, Barmer districts in Rajasthan and Hisar district in Haryana. Chaba (चाबा) gotra is known basically as Chhaba (छाबा).

Origin

They have probably originated from Chachcha Rana (चच्चा राणा) mentioned in inscription of year 21 April 999 AD, in the temple of Kevay Goddess, at village Kinsaria in Parbatsar tahsil district Nagaur.

History

Dr Pema Ram writes that after the invasion of Alexander in 326 BC, the Jats of Sindh and Punjab migrated to Rajasthan. They built tanks, wells and Bawadis near their habitations. The tribes migrated were: Shivis, Yaudheyas, Malavas, Madras etc. The Shivi tribe which came from Ravi and Beas Rivers founded towns like Sheo, Sojat, Siwana, Shergarh, Shivganj etc. This area was adjoining to Sindh and mainly inhabited by Jats. The descendants of Shivi in Rajasthan are: Seu, Shivran, Shivral, Sihot, Sinwar, Chhaba etc. [2]

They are mentioned by Cunningham[3] in an inscription at the Buddhist Stupa of Sanchi of the Ashoka period as under:

1. Devānam(piya) Magadhe (raja).

2. . . (a)bhi(vādemā)nam Chetiyagiri.

3. . tikhi-cha(Dha)magiri . ikeye sangham.

4. bhokhati-bhikhunābhikhāmavisedāto.

5. nidu . ti sanani . . chhava annā

6. Sasivi(ye) petaviye. Ichhahime Sān-

7. -ti Sangham samage milathitike siyāti.

The drift of this inscription, at least as I understand it, seems to be the following- :—

" Devanampriya, king- of Magadha, offers his salutation to the community of Chaityagiri (and perhaps to that of Dharmagiri also) . . . with a gift of food for the Bhikshus, much emaciated (with their austerities ?) . . . and prays that the Santi community may always be united."

In my account of the great Sanchi Tope I have already identified the present name of Sanchi with the Sanskrit Sānti, which I presume was the name of the great Vihar on the Chetiyagiri, or "Hill of Chaityas" If my reading of Dhamagiri he correct, we may identify the " hill of religion" in the long spur which stretches northward as far as Kānākhera. This hill is still covered with ruins, which no doubt once formed a part of the vast religious establishment of Sanchi-kānākhera.

Distribution in Rajasthan

Villages in Ajmer district

Sarmaliya,

Locations in Jaipur city

C-Scheme,

Villages in Jaipur district

Chhaba (छाबा) Jats live in villages: Birampura Pipala (6), Ghegha (150), Kansya (3), Keria Khurd (10), Mandawara Nareda (4), Pratappura Phagi (52), Rajpura (6), Sanaudiya, Sawai Mansinghpura, Sawarda,

Villages in Nagaur district

Arwar, Badgaon, Banwarla, Chhabao Ki Basni, Chhawata Khurd, Deh, Kheri Leela (1), Morara, Nokha Chandawata, Noondra, Palri Kalan, Rawaliyawas, Raliyawata, Raliyavta (teh. Merta),

Villages in Pali district

Chandawal Nagar, Falka, Kharadi,

Villages in Tonk district

Kanwarpura ,

Villages in Baran district

Sadaphal‎,

Villages in Jodhpur district

Baori Bhopalgarh, Dantiwara, Anwana,

Villages in Barmer district

Chabavas, Khokhsar,

They live at Village Khokhsar, Chabavas tehsil Baytu, Distt. Barmer, Rajasthan (India). They came from Village Baori Distt Jodhpur Rajasthan India, almost 200 years ago.

Village in Jodhpur district

Baori, Bhundana (भुण्डाणा),

Distribution in Haryana

Villages in Mahendragarh district

Nangal Shaloo,

Distribution in Madhya Pradesh

Village in Ratlam district

Villages in Ratlam with population of Chhaba (छाबा) gotra are: Dantodiya 2, Dheekwa 1, Kalori khurd 1 Lapatia 1, Mundari 2, Negarda 1, Sinod 10

Village in Dewas district

Kanwlasa, Pipalkota,

Villages in Indore district

Dudhia,

Villages in Harda district

Abagaon Khurd, Gullas, Nandara,

Natable persons

Author

External Links

References

  1. डॉ पेमाराम:राजस्थान के जाटों का इतिहास, 2010, पृ.300
  2. Dr Pema Ram:Rajasthan Ke Jaton Ka Itihas, First Edition 2010, ISBN:81-86103-96-1,p.14
  3. The Bhilsa topes: Inscriptions, P. 261
  4. Thakur Deshraj:Jat Jan Sewak, 1949, p.197
  5. Thakur Deshraj:Jat Jan Sewak, 1949, p.197
  6. Jat Express Jaipur, 10.12.2014
  7. Jat Gatha, September-2015,p. 15

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