From Jatland Wiki
(Redirected from Ganda)
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Gandas (गंडास)[1][2] [3] Gadas (गडास) Gedas (गेडास) Gendas (गंडास)[4][5] Ganday (गंडे)[6] Gadasia/Garasia (गडासिया) Gandasia (गंडासिया)[7] Gadasia (गड़ासिया)[8] Gadasiya (गड़ासिया), Gardasik (गरडासिक) is a Gotra of Jats found in Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Haryana and Punjab.. [9] Gendas (गंडास) is a small Jat tribe or got found in tahsils Sangrur and Dadri (now Bhiwani) of Jind. [10].


Its name is said to be derived either from gandasa (गंडास) [11], an Axe, or Gandas, a village in tahsil Hissar. [12].

Jat Gotras Namesake

Mention by Pliny

Pliny[13] mentions Fortunate Islands.... There are some authors who think that beyond these are the Fortunate Islands1, and some others; the number of which Sebosus gives, as well as the distances, informing us that Junonia2 is an island seven hundred and fifty miles distant from Gades. He states also that Pluvialia3 and Capraria4 are the same distance from Junonia, to the west; and that in Pluvialia the only fresh water to be obtained is rain water.

1 Or Islands of the Blessed—the modern Canaries.

2 Supposed to be the modern island of Fuerteventura.

3 Supposed to be that now called Ferro.

4 Probably the modern Gomera. In B. iv. c. 36, Pliny mentions them as six in number, there being actually seven.

In Mahabharata

Mahabharata Shalya Parva, Mahabharata/Book IX Chapter 44 mentions about them as Gonandas under in shloka 60.[14]


According to H.A. Rose[15] writes that the Bagri Jats have certain sections which might appear totemistic, but very rarely is any reverence paid to the totem. Such are :— Gandasia, a form of axe, in tahsil Hansi, Hisar, Haryana.

Girish Chandra Dwivedi[16] mentions....Vijay Ram Garasia, the chief of Pathena, being a close associate of Churaman and his sons, had in the past and still opposed Badan Singh. In an attempt to bring the Garasia close to him, he married Suraj Mal with his daughter, Kalyan Kaur (Kalayani). [17] But this conciliatory step failed to mend his ways. Thereupon, he granted Pathena as a jagir to Shardul (the son of Ati Ram of Halaina) whom he had earlier won over to his side. Shardul killed Vijay Ram and held Pathena under Badan Singh. [18]

Villages founded by Gandas clan

Gedesai village

King of Babylon

List of Kings of Babylon contains name of Gandaš (fl. ca. 1730 BC)

During Gupta dynasty

In Gupta inscriptions Names of the Vithi-Mahattaras (Vithi-elders) have been mentioned. Kalaikuri Sultanpur Copper-plate Inscription of the Gupta Year 120 (=A.D. 439) mentions about Ganda as a name of Vithi-elders in Line-4. According to lexicographers Ganda means 'the chief; best, excellent' [19] and thus can signify a hero. The term is also used for the animal rhinoceros, so it can also be a case of a name based on the name of an animal.

The custom of deriving names from animals was unknown in the Vedic period. [20] But in Panini we find such references. [21]

Gandas rulers of Gorir

About 1500 years ago a group of Maan people came from Ghazni and settled at place called 'Balavansa' near Delhi. The village Dhosi is surrounded by hills and situated near Narnaul in Haryana. Large number of people come to this place from far off places every year. Many temples and kunds have been constructed here. A fair is also organized at this place. Prior to the Maan people came, Gandas gotra Jats were the rulers here. Bijal Singh was married to Gaurandevi, daughter of Nagal. He founded a village called 'Gorir' in the name of Gaurandevi at a distance of 3 km from Dhosi.

Gandas in Salasar

About five centuries back the present Salasar area was inhabited by Gandas gotra Jats and known as 'Gandas ki Dhani'. At one time there became a severe scarcity of drinking water due to famines in the area. A saint came to the village at that time and on the request of villagers pointed out a spot to dig a well suitable for drinking water. At the same time he warned that the person who would dug the well would meet death. The villagers thought it better to leave the place and the Gandas people moved away. [22]

Distribution in Delhi

Mehrauli , Kishan Garh

Distribution in Rajasthan

Villages in Alwar district

Dhankhera, Jatpur,

Villages in Chittorgarh district

Mangrol, Jamlawda (4), Soobi (2),

Villages in Jaipur district

Hirnoda (70),

Villages in Bharatpur district

Kherli Gadasia,

Villages in Nagaur district

Loroli Kalan, Reengan,

Villages in Churu district

Bhatwala,Khejra, Sujangarh (7), Melusar,

Villages in Hanumangarh district


Distribution in Madhya Pradesh

Villages in Nimach district

Aspura (1), Harwar (1), Kesarpura (1), Khor Vikram (5), Kundala (5), Morvan (2), Roop Pura(1),

Villages in Raisen district


Distribution in Uttar Pradesh

Villages in Bulandshahr District

Khad Mohan Nagar,

Distribution in Haryana

Villages in Gurgaon district

Daulatabad, Gadoli Kalan, Gadoli Khurd, Milakpur,

Villages in Jind district

Gendas Jats are found in Jind district in Haryana. [23],[24]

Villages in Bhiwani district

Gopalwas, Kadma Dadri,

Villages in Mahendergarh district


Villages in Kurukshetra district


Distrbution in Punjab

Villages in Patiala district

Distrbution in Pakistan

According to 1911 census the Ganda were the principal Muslim Jat clan in :

Notable person from this gotra

External Links


  1. Dr Ompal Singh Tugania: Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu, p.34, sn-539.
  2. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. ग-111
  3. Dr Pema Ram:‎Rajasthan Ke Jaton Ka Itihas, 2010, p.299
  4. Dr Pema Ram:‎Rajasthan Ke Jaton Ka Itihas, 2010, p.299
  5. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. ग-96.
  6. Dr Ompal Singh Tugania: Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu, p.36, sn-625.
  7. Dr Ompal Singh Tugania: Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu, p.34, sn-539.
  8. Dr Pema Ram:‎Rajasthan Ke Jaton Ka Itihas, 2010, p.299
  9. An Inquiry Into the Ethnography of Afghanistan:H. W. Bellew, p.96,109,112,121,127
  10. A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/G,p.283
  11. Mahipal Arya, Jat Jyoti, August 2013,p. 14
  12. A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/G,p.283
  13. Natural History by Pliny Book VI/Chapter 35
  14. परियकश चैव नन्दश च गॊनन्दश च परतापवान । आनन्दश च परमॊदश च सवस्तिकॊ धरुवकस तदा (IX.44.60)
  15. A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/J,p.376
  16. The Jats - Their Role in the Mughal Empire/Chapter V,p.100
  17. Tawarikh-i-Hunud, 22b
  18. Pathena Raso, Quoted by Ganga Singh, op. cit., 100-101,91
  19. Sanskrit-English Dictionary by Monier Williams, p. 344, col. 1.
  20. V.S. Agrawala, India as Known to Panini, p. 186.
  21. Panini, II. 1.56 : उपमितं व्यघ्रादिभि: सामान्यप्रयोगे, Cf. Panini, V. 3.81. The names of species adopted as personal names, e.g. Vyaghraka, Simhaka.
  22. Subhash Bedharak:balaji Itihas, Pub: Rudmal Booksheller, Chomu, ISBN;81-903003-0-X, p.9
  23. Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study), Bhim Singh Dahiya, p. 333
  24. Rose:'Tribes and Castes', Vol. II, p. 283

Back to Jat Gotras