Gandas

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Gandas (गंडास)[1] [2] Gadas (गडास) Gedas (गेडास)[3][4] Gadasia (गडासिया) Gandasia (गंडासिया) Gadasia (गड़ासिया)[5] Gardasik (गरडासिक) is a gotra of Jats found in Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Haryana and Punjab. Ganda (गंडा) are found in Pakistan. Ganda/Gandu clan is found in Afghanistan. [6] Gendas (गंडास) is a small Jat tribe or got found in tahsils Sangrur and Dadri (now Bhiwani) of Jind. [7].

Origin

Its name is said to be derived either from gandasa ((गंडास)) [8], an Axe, or Gendwas, a village in tahsil Hissar. [9].

In Mahabharata

Mahabharata Shalya Parva, Mahabharata/Book IX Chapter 44 mentions about them as Gonandas under in shloka 60.[10]

History

According to H.A. Rose[11] writes that the Bagri Jats have certain sections which might appear totemistic, but very rarely is any reverence paid to the totem. Such are :— Gandasia, a form of axe, in tahsil Hansi, Hisar, Haryana.

Villages founded by Gandas clan

King of Babylon

List of Kings of Babylon contains name of Gandaš (fl. ca. 1730 BC)

During Gupta dynasty

In Gupta inscriptions Names of the Vithi-Mahattaras (Vithi-elders) have been mentioned. Kalaikuri Sultanpur Copper-plate Inscription of the Gupta Year 120 (=A.D. 439) mentions about Ganda as a name of Vithi-elders in Line-4. According to lexicographers Ganda means 'the chief; best, excellent' [12] and thus can signify a hero. The term is also used for the animal rhinoceros, so it can also be a case of a name based on the name of an animal.

The custom of deriving names from animals was unknown in the Vedic period. [13] But in Panini we find such references. [14]

Gandas rulers of Gorir

About 1500 years ago a group of Maan people came from Ghazni and settled at place called 'Balavansa' near Delhi. The village Dhosi is surrounded by hills and situated near Narnaul in Haryana. Large number of people come to this place from far off places every year. Many temples and kunds have been constructed here. A fair is also organized at this place. Prior to the Maan people came, Gandas gotra Jats were the rulers here. Bijal Singh was married to Gaurandevi, daughter of Nagal. He founded a village called 'Gorir' in the name of Gaurandevi at a distance of 3 km from Dhosi.

Gandas in Salasar

About five centuries back the present Salasar area was inhabited by Gandas gotra Jats and known as 'Gandas ki Dhani'. At one time there became a severe scarcity of drinking water due to famines in the area. A saint came to the village at that time and on the request of villagers pointed out a spot to dig a well suitable for drinking water. At the same time he warned that the person who would dug the well would meet death. The villagers thought it better to leave the place and the Gandas people moved away. [15]

Distribution in Rajasthan

Villages in Alwar district

Dhankhera, Jatpur,

Villages in Chittorgarh district

Mangrol, Jamlawda (4), Soobi (2),

Villages in Jaipur district

Hirnoda (70),

Villages in Bharatpur district

Kherli Gadasia,

Villages in Nagaur district

Loroli Kalan, Reengan,

Villages in Churu district

Bhatwala,Khejra, Sujangarh (7), Melusar,

Villages in Hanumangarh district

Tidiyasar,

Distribution in Madhya Pradesh

Villages in Nimach district

Aspura (1), Harwar (1), Kesarpura (1), Khor Vikram (5), Kundala (5), Morvan (2), Roop Pura(1),

Distribution in Haryana

Villages in Gurgaon district

Daulatabad,

Villages in Jind district

Gendas Jats are found in Jind district in Haryana. [16],[17]

Villages in Bhiwani district

Gopalwas, Kadma Dadri,

Distrbution in Punjab

Villages in Patiala district

Distrbution in Pakistan

According to 1911 census the Ganda were the principal Muslim Jat clan in :

Notable person from this gotra

  • Charan Singh Choudhary (Gardasik) - A.En. PWD, Date of Birth : 1-September-1957,VPO- Kherli Gadasia, disstt.- Bharatpur,Present Address : 37, Bajrang Vihar, near Durgapura Rly.Station, Jaipur, Phone Number : 0141-2760571, Mob : 9314479207, Email: hilarious.05.08.87@gmail.com
  • Amit Gandas - RAS, From village:Bhatwala (Sardarshahar), Churu
  • Kalyan chaudhary -Hirnoda
  • Kailash Chandra Gandas- from khejara is govt. sr. teacher at higher secondary school sardarshahar...

External Links

References

  1. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. ग-111
  2. Dr Pema Ram:‎Rajasthan Ke Jaton Ka Itihas, 2010, p.299
  3. Dr Pema Ram:‎Rajasthan Ke Jaton Ka Itihas, 2010, p.299
  4. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. ग-96.
  5. Dr Pema Ram:‎Rajasthan Ke Jaton Ka Itihas, 2010, p.299
  6. An Inquiry Into the Ethnography of Afghanistan:H. W. Bellew, p.96,109,112,121,127
  7. A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/G,p.283
  8. Mahipal Arya, Jat Jyoti, August 2013,p. 14
  9. A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/G,p.283
  10. परियकश चैव नन्दश च गॊनन्दश च परतापवान । आनन्दश च परमॊदश च सवस्तिकॊ धरुवकस तदा (IX.44.60)
  11. A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/J,p.376
  12. Sanskrit-English Dictionary by Monier Williams, p. 344, col. 1.
  13. V.S. Agrawala, India as Known to Panini, p. 186.
  14. Panini, II. 1.56 : उपमितं व्यघ्रादिभि: सामान्यप्रयोगे, Cf. Panini, V. 3.81. The names of species adopted as personal names, e.g. Vyaghraka, Simhaka.
  15. Subhash Bedharak:balaji Itihas, Pub: Rudmal Booksheller, Chomu, ISBN;81-903003-0-X, p.9
  16. Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study), Bhim Singh Dahiya, p. 333
  17. Rose:'Tribes and Castes', Vol. II, p. 283

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