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Shahi (शाही)[1] [2] Sahi (साही)[3] Saj (साज) is a very old Jat gotra in Pakistan. Shahi clan is found in Afghanistan. [4]


The people belonging to Saj and Sand gotras consider themselves to be the descendants of Mann gotra.

Jat Gotras Namesake


Ram Swarup Joon[6] writes about Sahi, Saj and Sand: Sahi is a very old gotra and people belonging to Saj and Sand gotras consider themselves to be the descendants of Mann gotra Jat Muslims belonging to these gotras are found in Multan and Gujrat districts of the Western Punjab.

Tor Dheri inscription mentions a person, "Yola Mira Śhāhi".[7] Here Shahi is a Jat clan. [8]

Shahi are also from the Clan of Gills.

Bhim Singh Dahiya has described about the history of this clan along with lohar Jat clan. This clan is famous in Kashmir history and gave it a whole dynasty called Lohar dynasty. Their settlement in India was Loharin, in Pir Pantsal range. The Lohar Kot-fort of Lohars-is named after them. The famous queen Dida, married to Kshemagupta, was daughter of Lohar Kong Simha Raja, who himself was married to a daughter of Lalli (Jat Clan) Sahi king Bhima of Kabul and Udabhanda (Und, near modern Attock)

Thus Didda was a Lohariya Jat scion, and a granddaughter of Lalli Jats of Kabul baseless called Brahmans. The descendants of their ruling family are still called Sahi Jats.

According to Bhim Singh Dahiya[9] the Gondal clan represents the “Go-nanda” dynasty of Kashmir, the Lohar jats are the descendants of the Lohar kings of Kashmir, just as the Lalli, the Sahi, the Balhara, the Bring, the Takhar, the Dhonchak, the Samil, the Kular, and so on represent the people mentioned in the Rajatarangini of Kalhana.

in Rajatarangini

Rajatarangini mentions about Shahi king in Book IV (p.68), Book V (p.122), Book VI (p.158), Book VII (p.172, 176, 181)(p.123), Book VII (i) (p.282, 288)

Rajatarangini tells ...Vasantalekha, wife of the king Harsha of Kashmir, was a daughter of the Sahi family, who built monasteries and villages for the habitation of the Brahmanas in the capital and at Tripureshvara. (Book VII, p.240)

Rajatarangini[10] tells that ...After the death of Uchchala, when Bhikshachara became king in 1120 AD, the servants of the state, like hunters, again oppressed the people..... Sajjaka, lord of Sheḍḍarājasthāna, armed himself with rustic weapons and subdued some powerless enemies.

Rajatarangini[11] tells that ...When he fled, Prithvihara who was at the village of Hāmigrāma came unexpectedly and defeated the hero Sajjaka. Sajjaka fled and the cruel and powerful Prithvihara pursued him. Prithvihara burnt Nagamatha near the city and returned. He and other cruel Damaras made away with the horses of the king and those of the king's men and of the spies. (p.57)

Rajatarangini[12] tells - The corpse of the late king Sussala was impiously guarded [against cremation] by the Lavanya guards attached to Bhikshu. Sajjaka, a warrior, who lived in the city, thought of the corpse of his late master which had fallen into the hands of the enemy, and moved by gratitude, he came to Vashtuka, on the pretext of seeing the body. (p.125)

Distribution in Punjab

Distribution in MP

Villages in Shivpuri district


Distribution in Pakistan

Sahi - In Pakistani Punjab the Sahi are mainly found in Sialkot district, especially in the Daska tehsil of Sialkot. Some of the Sahi Jatts are located in Lahore, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Sahiwal and Jhelum.

Jat Muslims belonging to these gotras are found in Multan and Gujarat districts of the Western Punjab in Pakistan. [13]

Notable persons from this clan

  • Ch Muhammad Afzal Sahi - Former Speaker of Punjab Assembly (PML-Q)
  • Chaudhry Sir Muhammad Zafarullah Khan, KCSI (February 6, 1893 - September 1, 1985) was a Pakistani politician, diplomat, international jurist, and scholar from Pakistan.


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