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Tilpat (तिलपत) is n ancient town of Mahabharata period in Faridabad district in the Indian State of Haryana. Its ancient name was Tilapatha (तिलपथ).


As of 2001 India census, Tilpat had a population of 6377. Males constitute 55% of the population and females 45%. Tilpat has an average literacy rate of 65%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 75%, and female literacy is 53%. In Tilpat, 18% of the population is under 6 years of age.


V. S. Agrawala[1] writes that Panini mentions in category of villages ending prastha. In Pali text Prastha denotes a place outside the grama, a waste land not used by men either for ploughing or sowing. It may be noted that places ending with the Prastha (Hindi=pat) are confined mostly to Kuru Country, such as Panipat, Sonipat, Baghpat, Tilpat etc. and to the region of Himalayas watered by Ganges.

Tilpat in Mahabharata epics

Tilpat finds a mention in Mahabharata. It was one of five villages demanded by Pandavas. Mahabharata tells that When Pandavas were defeated in chausar they were forced to leave the state for 13 years. During most of this time, they lived at place called Varnavata (modern Bairat) in Jaipur district in Rajasthan. Having lived there for pretty long time, the Pandawas sent a message to the Kauravas that they won't lay their claim to the throne if they were given just five villages. These 5 villages were :

  1. Indraprastha (इन्द्रप्रस्थ) (Purana Qila) - Delhi
  2. Panaprastha (पणप्रस्थ) (Panipat) - Haryana
  3. Sonaprastha (सोणप्रस्थ) (Sonipat) - Haryana
  4. Tilaprastha (तिलप्रस्थ) (Tilpat) - Haryana
  5. Vyaghraprastha (व्याग्रप्रस्थ) (Bagpat) - Uttar Pradesh

If you study the population of people who lived in all these areas mentioned in Mahabharata it is is found to be the homeland of Jats.

The literary-cum-historical analysis and the archaeological evidence from Hastinapur and other related sites clearly indicate that it is the Painted Gray Ware Culture that was associated with the Mahabharata story and the event took place in 900 BC.

All these are still Jat villages. In ancient times these were included in Haryana. Haryana is nothing but Aryana. Here H is absent which is not uncommon as we speak Hospital as Aspatal in Hindi and Urdu. It is due to linguistic variations.

Thus Aryans were Jats inhabiting ancient Haryana and at the same time their another branch was at Iran which is also known as Aryana. The similarity of many common places and rivers proves this. All five Pandava brothers are married to one woman, the princess Draupadi. Arjuna however is the one who actually wins her in a Swayamvara. Among the numerous towns and cities founded or visited by the five brothers individually or together, five prasthas (cities) are prominently mentioned and still exist. These were Indraprastha (Delhi), Panaprastha (Panipat), Sonaprastha (Sonipat), Tilaprastha (Tilpat) and Vyagraprastha (Bagpat).

Medieval History

Tilpat became the centre of attraction in the year 1669 when it witnessed, the bursting forth of the pent up fury of the Jats into a very powerful revolt under the inspiring leadership of Gokula, the zamindar of Tilpat. A remarkable feature of this rebellion was its composite character. [2] Though the Jats counted for its majority and provided leadership to it, it consisted of other local people as well such as, Mev, Meena, Ahir, Gujar, Naruka, Panwar and others. [3] The rebels gathered at the village of Sahora (about 6 miles from Mathura). Abdun Nabi, the faujdar of Mathura, attacked them. At first he appeared to be gaining ground, but in the middle of the fighting he was killed on 12 may, 1669 (21st Zil-Hijja, 1079 A.H.) [4], [5], [6], [7]

Ancient history[8][9]

One of the notable post-independence discoveries in which the Archaeological Survey of India has taken much pride is that of the Painted Grey-Ware (PGW) culture. The pottery was identified at Ahichchhatra in 1946 (cf. A. Ghosh and K.C. Panigrahi in Ancient India-1, pp.38, 40-41). The first systematic description of the culture was provided by B.B. Lal in his 'Excavation at Hastinapur and Other Explorations', Ancient India, Nos.10-11 (1954 & 1955).

Lal's report undoubtedly owed its popularity Jn part to his attempt to find in PGW a proof of the historicity of the sacred epic literature. Both Hastinapur and Ahichchhatra are place-names that occur in the Mahabharata^ so too are those of '[[Mathura], Kurukshetra, Banawa, etc/ (pp. 6,7,51), and these places too had yielded PGW. The reader may notice the rather odd 'etc.' after only three names, seeing that 32 PGW sites had by then been located, and were duly listed by B.B. Lal (pp. 138-41). One may then think that the remaining 'Mahabharata sites' out of this number were those 'alleged to have been associated with the story according to local tradition'.

But the only specific example of such 'local tradition' that he provided was that relating to Tilpat: 'According to local tradition, Tilpat is also associated with the Mahabharata story, and it was indeed gratifying to find there the same ceramic sequence observed as at Hastinapura' (p. 7). Lal thus not only openly proclaims his bias, but is apparently also not shaken by the enormity of the assumption of an oral report surviving for three millennia (according to his own chronology); nor is he vulnerable to the commonsense supposition that the popularity of the Mahabharata lore in time probably threw off local sub-lores about particular places, especially those containing some ruins.

Having, to his mind, satisfactorily linked PGW with the Mahabharata, a suitable date for the great battle had to be determined. Lal knew of the year 3,102 B.C. calculated by P.C. Sengupta, c.1424 B.C. by K.P. Jayaswal, c.1400 B.C. by A.S. Altekar, 1152 B.C. by S.N. Pradhan, and 9th century B.C. by H.C. Raychaudhuri,

External Links


  1. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.67
  2. Girish Chandra Dwivedi, The Jats – Their role in the Mughal empire, Ed by Dr Vir Singh. Delhi, 2003, p. 25
  3. Ganga Singh, op. cit., I, p. 64-65
  4. Maasir, p. 83
  5. Roznamcha also known as Ibratnama by Muhammad (R.S.L. Ms p. 133
  6. Kamwar (pers. Ms.), II, p. 163
  7. Maasir-ul-Umra, I, p. 437, 618
  8. IRFAN HABIB: Unreason and Archaeology — The 'Painted Grey-Ware' and Beyond, Paper presented at the 2nd ASH A Conference, Aligarh, June 1996
  9. Social Scientist. v 25, no. 284-285 (Jan-Feb 1997) p. 16

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