Sogaria

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Khemkaran Sogaria fighting with Tiger

Sogaria (सोगरिया)[1][2] Sogarwar (सोगरवार) Sogarwal (सोगरवाळ) Sogarwal (सोगरवाल) Sogariya (सोगरिया) Sugaria (सुगरिया)[3] is gotra of Jats. They are found in Rajasthan[4] and Uttar Pradesh.

Origin

This gotra originated from place named Sogar (सोगर) in Bharatpur district. [5]


यदुवंश के शाखागोत्र - : 1. वृष्णि 2. अन्धक 3. हाला 4. शिवस्कन्दे-सौकन्दे 5. डागुर-डीगराणा 6. खिरवार-खरे 7. बलहारा 8. सारन 9. सिनसिनवाल 10. छोंकर 11. सोगरवार 12. हांगा 13. घनिहार 14. भोज[6]

Sogaria Pal

Sogaria Khap is spread over Bharatpur and Agra Janapadas. Sogar and Tuhiya were its famous villages ruled by Jats. Ramchehra was of this khap who formed a federation of Sinsinwars and Sogarias with Rajaram known as Sin-Sog. The people of this khap were always in fight with the Mughal Ruler Aurangjeb. They brought the ashes of Akbar from Sikandarabad burial site and burnt it.[7]

History

Sogarwars are descendants of Yaduvanshi or Chandravanshi Kshatriyas. There was a famous warrior in Sogarwar clan named Sugriv (सुग्रीव). He founded the present Sogar town in Rajasthan near border of Uttar Pradesh. He also constructed fort here, which was known as Sugrivgarh. Sugrivgarh is now known as Sogar. There is a math of Sugriv here. All Sogarwars used to keep some grains separate for him when harvesting crop. During marriages also they offer Rs one for Sugriv math.[8]


Khemkaran was warrior born in Sogarwars. He was prior to Maharaja Suraj Mal. He had stopped all the roads for Aurangzeb. He along with his friend Ramki Chahar created a terror in Agra, Dholpur and Gwalior regions. The Mugal sardars were terrified of him. Bharatpur was part of his state. He was also a kind hearted and charitable person. He is said to be so strong that he could kill two tigers at a time on both sides with a katar. Mugal Badsah had awarded him the title of Faujdar. The Kuntal ruler of Ading state had poisoned him.

Faujdar was a title awarded by Muslim rulers to people who had responsibility of protecting some territory. Sogarwar, Chahar, Sinsinwar, Kuntal etc Jat gotra people use this title.

Relation with Sogdia ?

Map of Sakastan around 100 BCE showing Sogdiana

There is a need to research their Relation with Sogdia: the ancient civilization of an Iranian people.

Sogdiana or Sogdia (Old Persian: Suguda-; Ancient Greek Σογδιανή, Sogdianē; Persian: سغد Soġd; Tajik: Суғд, سغد Suġd; Uzbek: Sơģd; Chinese: 粟特 Sùtè) was the ancient civilization of an Iranian people and a province of the Achaemenid Empire, eighteenth in the list on the Behistun Inscription of Darius the Great (i. 16). Sogdiana is "listed" as the second of the "good lands and countries" that Ahura Mazda created. This region is listed second after Airyana Vaeja, Land of the Aryans, in the Zoroastrian book of Vendidad or "Videvdat", indicating the importance of this region from ancient times.[9] Sogdiana, at different times, included territories around Samarkand, Bukhara, Khujand and Shahrisabz in modern Uzbekistan. The inhabitants of Sogdiana were the Sogdians, an Eastern Iranian people who are among the ancestors of modern-day Tajik, Pashun and Yaghnobi peoples.

The Sogdian states, although never politically united, were centered around the main city of Samarkand. Sogdiana lay north of Bactria, east of Khwarezm, and southeast of Kangju between the Oxus (Amu Darya) and the Jaxartes (Syr Darya), embracing the fertile valley of the Zeravshan (ancient Polytimetus). Sogdian territory corresponds to the modern provinces of Samarkand and Bokhara in modern Uzbekistan as well as the Sughd province of modern Tajikistan.

An independent and warlike Sogdiana[10] formed a border region insulating the Achaemenid Persians from the nomadic Scythians to the north and east. The Sogdian Rock or Rock of Ariamazes, a fortress in Sogdiana, was captured in 327 BC by the forces of Alexander the Great; after an extended campaign putting down Sogdian resistance and founding military outposts manned by his Macedonian veterans, Alexander united Sogdiana with Bactria into one satrapy. The military power of the Sogdians never recovered. Subsequently Sogdiana formed part of the Hellenistic Greco-Bactrian Kingdom, founded in 248 BC by Diodotus, for about a century. Euthydemus I seems to have held the Sogdian territory, and his coins were later copied locally. Eucratides apparently recovered sovereignty of Sogdia temporarily. Finally the area was occupied by nomads when the Scythians and Yuezhis overran it around 150 BC.

शूर अथवा सोगरवाल का इतिहास

ठाकुर देशराज ने अपनी जाट इतिहास की पुस्तक के पेज 557 पर इस गोत्र का इतिहास वर्णन इस परकार किया है: बटेश्वर के आसपास शूर लोगों का राज्य था. कुछ लोगों के मत से सिनसिनि के आसपास शूर लोग राज्य करते थे. एक समय उनका इतना प्रचंड प्रताप था कि सारे देश का नाम ही सौरसैन हो गया. समस्त यादव सौरसैनी कहलाने लगे. मध्यभारत की भषा का नाम ही उनके नाम पर पड़ गया. आज वे उत्तर प्रदेश और राजस्थान में सिहोरे (शूरे) सूकरे और सोगरवाल कहे जाते हैं. शूरसैनी लोगों की एक शाखा पहले सेवर (शिविर) भरतपुर के निकट आबाद थी. आस-पास के अनेक गांवों पर उनका आधिपत्य था.

वंशावली रखने वाले भाटों ने सिनसिनवार और सोगरवरों को 10-12 पीढी पर ही कर दिया है. यह गलत है. हां वे दोनों ही यादव अथवा चंद्रवंश संभूत हैं. सोगरवरों में सुग्रीव नाम का एक बड़ा प्रसिद्ध यौद्धा था. उसने वर्तमान सोगर को बसाया. उस स्थान पर एक गढ बनाया था, जो सुग्रीवगढ कहलाता था. सुग्रीवगढ ही आजकल सोगर कहलाता है, जो क्रमश: सुग्रीवगढ से सुगढ, सोगढ और सोगर हो गया. यहां पर सुग्रीव का एक मठ है. सारे सोगरवाल पहले उसके नाम पर फ़सल में से कुछ अन्न निकालते थे. अब भी ब्याह-शादियों में सुग्रीव के मठ पर एक रूपया अवश्य चढाया जाता है.

इसी वंश में खेमकरण नामक एक प्रचंण्ड वीर उत्पन्न हुआ था. वह महाराजा सूरजमल से कुछ पहले उत्पन्न हुआ था. औरंगजेब की सेना के रास्ते उसने बन्द कर दिये थे. अपने मित्र रामकी चाहर के साथ मिलकर आगरा, धोलपुर और ग्वालियर तक उसने अपना प्रभाव जमा लिया था. मुगलों के सारे सरदार उसके भय से कांपते थे. कहा जाता है कि वर्तमान भरतपुर उसी के राज्य में शामिल था. दोपहर को धोंसा बजाकर भोजन करता था. उसका आदेश था कि धोंसे के बजने के साथ ही जो कोई भाई सामूहिक भोज में शामिल होना चाहे हो जाये. वह वीर होने के साथ दानी और उदार भी था. उसकी हथिनी बड़ी चतुर और स्वामिभक्त थी. यह सच है कि अड़ींग के तत्कालीन खुटेल शासक ने उसे भोजन में विष दे दिया. जिस समय खेमकरण भोजन पर बैठा उसे मालूम हो गया था कि भोजन में विष है, किन्तु कांसे पर से उठना उसने पाप समझा. भोजन करते ही हथिनी पर सवार होकर अपने स्थान सुग्रीवगढ को चल दिया. कहा जाता है कि विष इतना तेज था कि हथिनी पर ही उसके टुकड़े-टुकड़े हो गये. उसके मरने पर उसकी हथिनी भी मर गई.

खेमकरण इतना बलवान था कि कटार से ही एक साथ दो दिशाओं से छूटे शेरों को मार देता था. मुगल बादशाहों ने उसे फ़ौजदार का खिताब दिया था. सोगर का ध्वंश गढ उसके अतीत की याद दिलाता है. यह स्थान राजस्थान में उत्तर प्रदेश की सीमा के निकट है.

Distribution in Rajasthan

Sogaria Khap has 115 villages in Bharatpur district. [11]

Locations in Jaipur city

Jhotwara, Jagatpura,

Villages in Bharatpur district

Jaghina, Ludhawai, Marwati, Nadbai, Nagla Jeewana, Sewar, Shahpur, Sogar, Tamrer, Tuhiya, Ubar,

Villages in Ajmer district

Distribution in Uttar Pradesh

Villages in Agra district

Baseri Kaji, Nagla Kehari,

Villages in Mathura district

Dhana Teja, Magorra,

Villages in Bijnor district

Anisa Nangli, Seohara,

Distribution in Madhya Pradesh

Villages in Dhar district

Sulawad,

Villages in Gwalior district

Gwalior,

Natable persons

  • Khemkaran - A great warrior
  • Rustam - A Jat king of the Sogariya clan
  • Thakur Deshraj - Most Reliable Jat Historian
  • Havildar Kumar Singh Sogarwal - Martyr of Kargil war on 07 July 1999
  • Kishan Singh Sogarwal - Social worker, popularly known as Sarpanch sahab, born in 1916 at village Jahanpur in Kirawali tehsil in Agra district. [12]
  • Capt. Man Singh (Sogarwal) - Capt.(Retd.), Date of Birth : 4-April-1938, Vill.- Shahpur, P.O.- Deeg, distt. -Bharatpur, Present Address : 136, Gayatri Nagar B, Maharani Farm, Durgapura, Jaipur, 302018, Phone: 0141-2761190, Email: singhman_singh@rediffmail.com
  • Ghanshyam Singh (Sogarwal) - Asstt. Professor Malviya National Inst. of Tech. , Date of Birth : 25-January-1975, VPO- Jaghina, Teh.& Distt.- Bharatpur, Present Address : B-36 , Shiv Shakti Nagar(B) Jagatpura Road, Jaipur-17, Phone: 0141-2751199, Mob: 9413965611, Email: gschoudhary@yahoo.com
  • Laxman Singh (Sogarwal) - DE(Retd.), (TELEPHONES) BSNL. , Date of Birth : 23-March-1946, VPO.- Jaghina ,near Panchayat Bhawan,teh.& distt.- Bharatpur, Present Address : 1. 36, Shiv Sakti Nagar -b,Jagatpura road, Jaipur, 2. 83,Income Tax ii, Jagatpura road,Jaipur, Phone: 0141-2751199, Mob: 9875004622, Email: ls.chaudhary@mtsindia.in
  • Vivek singh - Vice President nsui Bharatpur Present Address : Sogar village

Reference

  1. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. स-11
  2. O.S.Tugania:Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu,p.63,s.n. 2521
  3. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. स-11
  4. Jat History Thakur Deshraj/Chapter IX,p.695
  5. Mahendra Singh Arya et al.: Ādhunik Jat Itihas, Agra 1998, p.283
  6. जाट वीरों का इतिहास: दलीप सिंह अहलावत, पृष्ठ.187
  7. Dr Ompal Singh Tugania: Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu,p.22
  8. Thakur Deshraj: Jat Itihas ,p. 557
  9. Avesta.org Avesta.org
  10. Independent Sogdiana: Lane Fox (1973, 1986:533) notes Quintus Curtius, vi.3.9: with no satrap to rule them, they were under the command of Bessus at Gaugamela, according to Arrian, iii.8.3.
  11. Jat Bandhu, Agra, April 1991
  12. Mahendra Singh Arya et al: Adhunik Jat Itihas, Section 9 pp. 86-87

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