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Ancient Indian Kingdoms in 600 BC

Anga (अंग)/(अंगा) Angi (अंगी) is one of the gotras of Jats. They were inhabitants of the territory of India called Anga.


Ancestry of Bali

Bhagavata Purana provides us the ancestry of Bali. Bali (बलि) was a king in line of Anu son of Yayati as under:

YayatiAnuSabhanaraKalanaraJanamejayaMaha ShalaMahamanasTitikshaRushadrathaHomaSutapasBali

As per Bhagavata Purana the Dirghatama Rishi produced on Bali's wife six sons: Anga, Banga, Kalinga, Sambhu, Pundra and Odhra


V S Agarwal [1] writes that Panini takes Bhakti to denote loyalty of the citizen to the State either a kingdom or a republic. The Kashika mentions, as examples of this kind of Bhakti or loyalty, 1. Angaka, 2. Vangaka, 3. Sauhmaka, 4. Paundraka, 5. Madraka, 6. Vrijika.

Anga in Vedas

Earliest reference to Angas (अंग) occurs in Atharava Veda (V.22.14) where they find mention along with the Magadhas, Gandharis and the Mujavatas, all apparently as a despised people. The Jaina Prajnapana ranks the Angas and the Vangas in the first group of Aryan peoples.

Based on Mahabharata evidence, the kingdom of the Angas roughly corresponded to the region of Bhagalpur and Monghyr in Bihar and parts of Bengal; later extended to include most of Bengal. River Champa (modern Chandan) formed the boundaries between the Magadha in the west and Anga in the east. Anga was bounded by river Koshi on the north. According to the Mahabharata, Duryodhana had named Karna the King of Anga.


Notable persons


  • Dr Mahendra Singh Arya, Dharmpal Singh Dudee, Kishan Singh Faujdar & Vijendra Singh Narwar: Ādhunik Jat Itihasa (The modern history of Jats), Agra 1998

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