Videh

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Videh (विदेह) is a gotra of Jats.[1] [2]

Origin

Videha (विदेह) is name of a Country mentioned by Panini in Ashtadhyayi under Dhumadi (धूमादि) (4.2.127) group.[3]

Mention by Panini

Videha (विदेह) is mentioned by Panini in Ashtadhyayi. [4]


Vaidehi (वैदेही) is mentioned by Panini in Ashtadhyayi. [5]

History

Kingdom of the Videha

The Kingdom of the Videhas (also known as Mithila and Tirabhukti[6]) was an ancient kingdom in Late Vedic India[7] which rose to prominence under King Janaka (c. 8th-7th centuries BCE). The ancient kingdom's territory is presently located in Mithila region of Northern and eastern Bihar of India and the eastern Terai of Nepal.[8]

During the late Vedic period (c. 900 – c. 500 BCE), Videha became one of the major political and cultural centers of South Asia, along with Kuru and Pañcāla.[9] Late Vedic literature such as the Brahmanas and the Brihadaranyaka Upanishad both mention Janaka, as a great philosopher-king of Videha, renowned for his patronage of Vedic culture and philosophy, and whose court was an intellectual centre for Rishi (sages) such as Yajnavalkya.[10] Raychaudhuri suggests 8th- to 7th-century BCE range, while Witzel suggests c. 750 to 500 BCE for the Brahmanas and Upanishads composition period in Videha.[11] The Vedic school of Aitareyins probably moved to Videha and other centers of scholarship, during the late Vedic period.[12]

The region and culture of Videha is often mentioned in Hindu literature. The texts mention the idea of royal dynasty and the tradition of philosopher-kings who renounce, with examples including Nami (or Nimi in some texts), Janaka and other kings. Their stories are found in ancient surviving Hindu, Buddhist and Jaina texts, suggesting that renunciation by kings was a respected tradition before the birth of Buddha, and that this tradition was also broadly accepted in regions other than Videha, such as in Pancala, Kalinga and Gandhara. King Nimi or Nami of Videha is included as the 21st of the twenty four Tirthankaras in Jainism (not to be confused with closely spelled Nemi, the 22nd Tirthankara).[13]

Towards the end of the Vedic period, Videha likely became part of the Vriji (Pali: Vajji) confederation and subsequently into the Magadha empire.[14] The Videha kingdom is also mentioned in the Sanskrit epics, the Mahabharata and the Ramayana. In the Ramayana, Sita is the princess from Videha[15], who marries Rama creating an alliance between the kingdoms of Kosala and Videha.[16] The capital of Videha, is believed to be either Janakpur (in present-day Nepal),[17] or Baliraajgadh (in present-day Madhubani district, Bihar, India).[18]

इतिहास

दलीप सिंह अहलावत[19] लेख करते हैं: विदर्भ देश पर यदुवंशी शशिबिन्दु का राज्य रहा। यह चक्रवर्ती सम्राट् था जो यदु के पुत्र करोक्षत्री की शाखा में यदु से सातवीं पीढ़ी में हुआ (देखो वंशावली)। इन वंशों तथा प्रदेशों का उल्लेख रामायण एवं महाभारत में है जो निम्न प्रकार से है -

सुग्रीव ने वानर सेना को सीता जी की खोज के लिये ऊपर लिखित देशों में भी जाने का आदेश दिया।

महाभारत सभापर्व पाण्डवों की दिग्विजय - उत्तर दिशा में अर्जुन ने अनेक देशों के साथ चोल देश (अध्याय 27) और उत्तर कुरुदेशों (अध्याय 28) को भी जीत लिया। पूर्व में भीमसेन ने विदेह (मिथिला) (अध्याय 29) और पांडर-पुण्ड्रक तथा वंग देशों को जीत लिया (अध्याय 30)। दक्षिण दिशा में सहदेव ने पाण्ड्य नरेश को जीत लिया। (अध्याय 31)।

Distribution

Notable persons

External links

References

  1. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. व-56
  2. O.S.Tugania:Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu,p.60,s.n. 2301
  3. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.509
  4. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.425
  5. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p. 89
  6. Dilip K. Chakrabarti (2001). Archaeological Geography of the Ganga Plain: The Lower and the Middle Ganga. Orient Blackswan. pp. 207–. ISBN 978-81-7824-016-9.
  7. Michael Witzel (1989), Tracing the Vedic dialects in Dialectes dans les litteratures Indo-Aryennes ed. Caillat, Paris, pages 13, 17 116-124, 141-143
  8. Michael Witzel (1989), Tracing the Vedic dialects in Dialectes dans les litteratures Indo-Aryennes ed. Caillat, Paris, pages 13, 17 116-124, 141-143
  9. Michael Witzel (1989), Tracing the Vedic dialects in Dialectes dans les litteratures Indo-Aryennes ed. Caillat, Paris, pages 13, 141-143
  10. Michael Witzel (1989), Tracing the Vedic dialects in Dialectes dans les litteratures Indo-Aryennes ed. Caillat, Paris, pages 13, 141-143
  11. Michael Witzel (1989), Tracing the Vedic dialects in Dialectes dans les litteratures Indo-Aryennes ed. Caillat, Paris, pages 13, 39-46, 141-143
  12. Michael Witzel (1989), Tracing the Vedic dialects in Dialectes dans les litteratures Indo-Aryennes ed. Caillat, Paris, pages 76-77, 125
  13. Geoffrey Samuel, (2010) The Origins of Yoga and Tantra: Indic Religions to the Thirteenth Century, Cambridge University Press, pages 69-70
  14. H.C. Raychaudhuri (1972), pp. 70-76
  15. Geoffrey Samuel, (2010) The Origins of Yoga and Tantra: Indic Religions to the Thirteenth Century, Cambridge University Press, pages 69-70
  16. H.C. Raychaudhuri (1972), pp. 70-76
  17. H.C. Raychaudhuri (1972), pp. 70-76
  18. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 26 October 2017.
  19. जाट वीरों का इतिहास: दलीप सिंह अहलावत, पृष्ठान्त-264

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