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Ancestry of Bali

Bali (बलि) is a Jat clan descended from Shiva.

Jat Gotras

Jat Gotras from Bali are:

  • Balyan (बाल्यान) Baliyan (बालियान) Balian (बालियान) gotra of Jats found in Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh have originated from King Bali, dauhitra of Prajapati Daksha.

Jat Gotras Namesake

Mention by Pliny

Pliny[2] mentions Lake Mieotis and the adjoining nations....After passing Cimmerium, the coast1 is inhabited by the Mæotici, the Vali, the Serbi2, the Arrechi, the Zingi, and the Psessi.

1 That lying on the east of the Sea of Azof. It seems impossible to identify the spot inhabited by each of these savage tribes. Hardouin says that the modern name of that inhabited by the Mæotici is Coumania.

2 Parisot suggests that this tribe afterwards emigrated to the west, and after establishing themselves in Macedonia, finally gave its name to modern Servia. He remarks, that most of these names appear to have been greatly mutilated, through the ignorance or carelessness of the transcribers, no two of the manuscripts agreeing as to the mode in which they should be spelt.

Mention by Panini

Bali (बलि) is mentioned by Panini in Ashtadhyayi. [3]

Baleya (बालेय) is mentioned by Panini in Ashtadhyayi. [4]


H.A. Rose[5] writes that The Jats of the south-east Punjab have two other divisions, 1. Shibgotra and 2. Kashib-gotra. The former are also called asl or real Jats and confess that their progenitor sprang from Shiva's matted hair and was so called jat bhadra. They have 12 gots, which are descended from the 12 sons of Barh, who conquered a large part of Bikaner. His descendants are chiefly sprung from Punia and they held the country round Jhansal. These 12 Gotras are: 1. Punia. 2. Dhanian. 3. Chhacharik. 4. Bali. 5. Barbra. 6. Solahan. 7- Chiria. 8. Chandia. 9. Khokha. 10. Dhanaj. 11. Letar. 12. Kakar.

Vali Asura

Adi Parva, Mahabharata/SECTION LXV mentions:

Marichi's son is Kasyapa, and from Kasyapa have sprung these creatures. Unto Daksha (one of the Prajapatis) were born thirteen daughters of great good fortune.

The daughters of Daksha are, Aditi, Diti, Danu, Kala, Danayu, Sinhika, Krodha, Pradha, Viswa, Vinata, Kapila, Muni, and Kadru.

And Danayu also had four sons who were bulls among the Asuras. They were Vikshara, Vala, Vira, and Vritra the great Asura.

Prahlada had three sons. They were Virochana, Kumbha, and Nikumbha. And unto Virochana was born a son, Vali, of great prowess. And the son of Vali is known to be the great Asura, Vana. And blessed with good fortune, Vana was a follower of Rudra, and was known also by the name of Mahakala.

Bali king in line of Yayati

Bhagavata Purana provides us the ancestry of Bali. Bali (बलि) was a king in line of Anu son of Yayati as under:

YayatiAnuSabhanaraKalanaraJanamejayaMaha ShalaMahamanasTitikshaRushadrathaHomaSutapasBali

Bali had six sons Anga, Banga, Kalinga, Sambhu, Pundra and Odhra

Srimad Bhgavatam

By the semen of Dirghatama in the wife of Bali, the emperor of the world, six sons took birth, namely Anga, Vanga, Kalinga, Suhma, Pundra and Odra [6]

The four sons of Usinara were Sibi, Vara, Krmi and Daksa, and from Sibi again came four sons, named Vrsadarbha, Sudhira, Madra and atma-tattva-vit Kekaya. The son of Titiksu was Rusadratha. From Rusadratha came Homa; from Homa, Sutapa; and from Sutapa, Bali. [7]

Vali of Ramayana

Vali (वाली) was the Vanar king of Kishkindha, a son of Indra and the elder brother of Sugriva. He was killed by Rama.

A depiction of Rama killing Vali during the fight with Sugriva. Note the arrow cuts throuh the seven trees. He was famous for the boon that he had received, according to which anyone who came before him lost half his/her strength to Vali, thereby making Vali invulnerable to any enemy. Hence Rama slew him with an arrow in his back. Rama punished Vali for his evil deeds. It is said that Vali was reborn as the hunter Jara who killed Lord Krishna by his arrow in the Dwapara Yuga.

Vali had been known as a good and pious vanara-king, but had been too arrogant to listen to Sugriva after his brother had sealed the entrance to a cave in which Vali was fighting a rakshasa. Sugriva had mistaken the blood flowing out of the cave to be his brother's, blocked the entrance to the cave with a boulder and left for Kishkindha, assuming that his brother was dead. When Vali had emerged victorious over the rakshasa, he had found that the entrance to the cave was blocked (not a problem for his strength), and had then discovered Sugriva ruling in his place.

An enraged Vali also learned that Sugriva had married his "widowed" wife. Sugriva tried to explain the situation to Vali, but Vali would not listen. Vali banished Sugriva from the kingdom, and held the latter's wife captive in his own palace.

Vali was known for his leaping-abilities.

When Rama besieged Lanka, all his supporters like Kishkindha king Sugriva and his commander Hanuman, Jatayu, Jamvanta etc were Jat warriors. Bhaleram Beniwal has pointed out that these characters have been depicted as monkeys or animals is out of jealousy of the manuvadis and agents of dharma who never wanted to bring the true history of Jats. [8]

The Jat hostorian Thakur Deshraj has explained about the reasons of animal depiction of people prevalent in India during Ramayana period. During this period all four varnas had come into existence in Aryans. The duties of each varna were defined but they could change varna. Brahmans had come into a dominant position and had full control over kings and the society. Some kshatriyas like Kartaviryarjuna had become rebellions against the increased influence of Brahmans. In Sarswati ashrama a big organization under the leadership of Parsurama was constituted by Brahmans to penalize such kshatriyas. Brahmans suppressed kshatriyas like Kartaviryarjuna and deprived these kshatriyas from their status. The Aryans by this time had crossed Vindhyas and moving towards south. Vanars were inhabitants in southwest Vindhyas. Pampa sarovar was their main center. Vanars were not monkeys but either aboriginal inhabitants of that area or people of Aryan groups who had come from Iran via Bombay and reached south of Vindhyas. [9]

Other Jat historians have also treated Hanuman as a Jat warrior of Maan gotra. [10] Some other historians treat Vanar as a gotra of jats found in Haryana in India. Lord Hanuman of Ramayana was a kshatriya of Vanar clan. He was not a monkey as is shown in Ramayana. [11]


विजयेन्द्र कुमार माथुर[12] ने लेख किया है .....बाली (AS, p.624) इंडोनेशिया का, जावा के सन्निकट स्थित द्वीप जहां वर्तमान काल में भी प्राचीन हिंदू धर्म और संस्कृति जीवित अवस्था में है. संभवत: गुप्तकाल- चौथी पांचवी सदी ई. में इस द्वीप में हिंदू उपनिवेश एवं राज्य स्थापित हुआ था. चीन के लियांगवंश (502-556 ई.) के इतिहास में इस द्वीप का सर्वप्रथम ऐतिहासिक उल्लेख मिलता है जहां इसे पोली कहा गया है. इस उल्लेख से विदित होता है कि बाली में इस काल में एक समृद्धिशाली तथा उन्नत हिंदू राज्य स्थापित था. यहां के राजा बौद्ध धर्म में भी श्रद्धा रखते थे. इस राज्य की ओर से 518 ई. में चीन को एक राजदूत भेजा गया था. चीनी यात्री इत्सिंग लिखता है कि बाली दक्षिण समुद्र के उन द्वीपों में है जहां मूल सर्वास्तिवाद निकाय का सर्वत्र प्रचार है. मध्य युग में जावा व अन्य द्वीपों में अरबों के आक्रमण हुए और प्राचीन हिंदू राज्यों की सत्ता समाप्त हो गई किंतु बाली तक अरब न पहुंच सके. फलस्वरूप यहां की प्राचीन हिंदू सभ्यता और संस्कृति व धार्मिक परंपरा वर्तमान काल तक बनी रही. [p.625]: 18 वीं सदी में बाली पर डचों का राजनैतिक अधिकार हो गया किंतु उनका प्रभाव यहां के केवल राजनीतिक जीवन पर ही पड़ा और बाली निवासियों की सामाजिक और धार्मिक परंपरा में बहुत कम परिवर्तन हुआ. कहा जाता है कि इस द्वीप का नाम पुराणों में प्रसिद्ध, पाताल देश के राजा बलि के नाम पर है. बाली देश की प्राचीन भाषा को 'कवि' कहते हैं जो संस्कृत से बहुत अधिक प्रभावित है. बाली में संस्कृत में भी अनेक ग्रंथ लिखे गए. रामायण और महाभारत का बाली के दैनिक जीवन में आज भी अमिट प्रभाव है.


  1. Dr Mahendra Singh Arya, Dharmpal Singh Dudee, Kishan Singh Faujdar & Vijendra Singh Narwar: Ādhunik Jat Itihas (The modern history of Jats), Agra 1998 p. 271
  2. Natural History by Pliny Book VI/Chapter 7
  3. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.386
  4. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.386
  5. A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/J,p.375-376
  6. (SB9.23.5)
  7. (SB9.23.6)
  8. Bhaleram Beniwal: Jāt Yodhaon ke Balidān, Jaypal Agencies, Agra 2005 (Page 40-41)
  9. Thakur Deshraj: Jat Itihas (Hindi), Maharaja Suraj Mal Smarak Shiksha Sansthan, Delhi, 1934, 2nd edition 1992 (Page 15-19)
  10. Dr Mahendra Singh Arya, Dharmpal Singh Dudi, Kishan Singh Faujdar & Vijendra Singh Narwar: Ādhunik Jat Itihas (The modern history of Jats), Agra 1998 (Page 289)
  11. Jat Samaj: Agra November 1999
  12. Aitihasik Sthanavali by Vijayendra Kumar Mathur, p.

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