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Author:Laxman Burdak, IFS (Retd.)

Location of Ganderbal in Jammu and Kashmir
Ganderbal district map

Ganderbal(गांदरबल) is a city and district in Jammu and Kashmir, India.


Ganderbal is located at 34.23°N 74.78°E. It has an average elevation of 1,619 metres above sea level. It is bordered by the Srinagar district in the south, Bandipore to the north, Kargil in the northeast, Anantnag to the southeast and Baramulla in the southwest. Ganderbal district is spread across the Sind River.

The Sindh valley begin from Gandarbal and ends near Baltal at the base of the Zojila Pass.


It is divided into four Tahsils viz, Ganderbal, Kangan, Lar and Wakoora.


No significant ancient building or archaeological site is found in the district today, except for the Naranag temple, as most of the ancient architectural monuments in the area were destroyed during the rule of Sultan Sikander. What must have once been magnificent architectural show pieces are now in grand ruins.

Naranag Temple - The Naranag temple is one of the important archaeological sites of the country. Naranag, a group of temples, is situated in the lap of Harmukh Mountain about 50 kms from Srinagar city. The site consists of a cluster of temples facing each other at a distance of about 100 metres. Historians say that the temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva by the 8th-century ruler Lalithdatiya muktadiya. It is believed that the king Awantivarman paid a visit and donated a pedestal for bathing at Bhutsher. Even today one gets surprised over art and skill of the builders of this temple. Its impressive architecture reveals the glorious past, the magnificent art of the 8th century. The government has only recently constructed walls to protect it from encroachments and nothing else has been done. It is now left in ruins of which only faint traces have survived. This temple has the typical Aryan structure as was present in Aryan Kashmir.


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