Jawla Gotra

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Jawla (जावला)[1] Jawala (जावला) Jauvla (जौवला) Jauhla (जौहला) Gotra of Jats found in Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh.

Origin

  • Some historians consider Jawla clan as descendants of Raja Jayanta (जयंत) of Mahabharata period. [3]


  • जावला गोत्र जावलपाल (विजयपाल ) तोमर ( तंवर ) से चला है पेहोवा के इतिहास के अनुसार यहाँ पर जाटों का शासन रहा है । पेहोवा शिलालेख में एक तोमर राजा जौला(जौहला)और उसके बाद के परिवार का उल्लेख है। लेकिन आज जावला गोत्र तोमर (तंवर ) गोत्र से अलग गोत्र बन गया है और तोमर (तंवर ) की जावला में शादी है।

History

Bhim Singh Dahiya [4] writes about Jauvla and Jauhla Jats - The greatest controversy among the historians is about the word Jauvla. This word was corrupted into Jaubul or Jabul by the Arabians and hence their territory was called Jabulistan-the land of the Jauvlas. As we shall show, the inscriptions and the coins of Toramana and Mihirkula (Mihirgula) have given the correct pronunciation of this word as Jauvla. This word has been taken as a title by some historians which is not correct at all. Other historians take it as a feudatory or a subordinate title, corresponding to the word Yavuga. But they find it difficult to explain why the subordinate title was continuously used, not only by Toramana, who became an independent emperor but also by Mihirkula, his son, who was admittedly a sovereign emperor. The difficulty arises in not appreciating the fact that the word Jauvla, is the name of their clan and it is not a title or even a dynastic name. This was and is the name of yet another Jat clan, now written as Jauhla or Johla. The people of this clan are still existing in the India (Punjab) area and the famous fort near Peshawar which is comparable with the Red Fort of Delhi-is named after this clan of the Jats and even today it is called the Jauhla Fort. It was these Jauhla/Johl Jats who were the defenders of Khyber Pass from the Kabul side for many centuries against the Arabs, while the brave Jats of Kikan or Kikanan, were defending the Bolan Pass.138 As early as 682 A.D., these Jats of Kikanan, resisted and repulsed the Arabs, and at the time of Calliph A-Mehdi (786-809 A.D.), his armies had to measure swords with these hardy Jats of Bolan Pass.139 Jauvla is the word which was mainly used by Toramana and Mihirkula. According to Buhler, the word Toraman, is neither Sanskrit nor Prakrit but is of Turkish origin and means a rebel or insurgent. 140 The title accordingly, should be connected with Jauvla 'falcon'. As stated earlier the origin is not Turkish but Saka, influenced by old Pehlavi as were all the names of these people. Buhler further states that Sahi is a title or a surname and Jauvla epithet may be a tribal name or a Biruda. Here Buhler has hit upon the nail because Jauhla is in fact the name of their clan. Cunningham identifies Toraman Jauhla, with the prince called the Jabuin in the "Chachnama"-a history of Sindh, whih states that this prince had built the famous temple of the sun at Multan. The foundation of this excellent sun temple were laid


138. R.C. Mazumdar, History and Culture of Indian People, Vol, III, p. 174,

139. ibid., Vol. IV, p. 127.

140. EI, Vol. I, p. 239,


[Page 50]: in 505 A.D. J.J. Modi on the authority of Firadausi's Shahnama, suggests that Jau is really Jaugan or Jaugani, which is another variant of Chagani. He holds that the Huna King was called Jaugan as the Hunas were primarily and emotionally connected with Jaugan-their favourite place, which they were eager, at all cost, to retain in their hands. Now it is correct that they wanted to retain Chagan area in their hands, this being their ancestral place, but it is certainly not correct to derive Jaugan from Jau........, and J.J. Modi is completely off the mark here.

According to Jayaswal, the word Jauvla of the Kura inscription should be read as Jauvṇa 141 but this is also not correct although Rapson reads the same name on some coins.142 This reading of Jauvna on coins may be correct but it certainly is not identical with Jauvla. We have another Jat clan name Jauṇa/Juṇa and it is possible that the coins may belong to the kings of this Jauṇa clan. Heirfeld 143 and Junker144 read the word as "Zobolo" on some coins. Henning, takes it to be a title. It is also stated that the title Sahi, used by the Kusanas was followed by the Hephhthalites or White Hunas and similarly, Jauvla/Zowolo was also borrowed from somewhere. Both the assertions are wrong. Neither the title Sahi was borrowed nor the clan name Jauvla was borrowed. The title Sahi has been used by them since at least the seventh century B.C. and it is absurd to suggest that a person can borrow his clan name which is invariably the name of one of their ancestors. Upendra Thakur gives the adjective, "the-so-called-tribal- Viruda" to Jauvla and says that it stands for a section of the Hunas who on their way to India first settled in a land called Zabulistan to the south of the Hindukush (i.e., Afghanistan).145 Thus far, he is correct. Later on at page 100 he gives a definite opinion to say that the word Jauvla is a title and not a name. Here he is wrong. Bivar also suggests that it was the official title of the dynasty. He had found two stone inscriptions at Uruzgan (in Afghanistan) where the words Saho Zovolo has been read by him.146 All these ideas, sometimes reached the truth


141. JBORS, Vol. XVIII, p. 201 ff.

142. ICR, p. 29.

143. MASI, No. 38, p. 19.

144. Span, 1930, p. 650.

145. The Hunas in India, p. 98,

146. JRAS, 1954, p. 115,


[Page 51]: but not the complete truth. The word Sahi is of course the same as the Persian Sahi meaning 'royal' whereas Jauvla is the name of the clan to which the white Hunas under Toraman belonged; and as mentioned above, this clan still exists and at present they write the name as Jauhla and also Johl. This name again appears in an inscription of Mahendra Paul (893/912 A.D.). Referring to a Tomar chief, the inscription also mentioned a person called Jauvla. This is the same name of the clan to which Toraman belonged. "In this way the links of Tomars, Gurjars, and Hunas continued to exist."147 We hope this will clear the picture.


The word Jabulistan therefore is the Arabic version of the original Jauvlistan/Jaullasthan and it comprised the area of Kabul-Gazni and adjoining parts. Hiuen Tsang, the Chinese traveller noted in the seventh century A.D. that the king of Jabulistan had succeeded a long line of kings and he was a follower of the cult of sun or Ksun.148 According to Ghirshman, one of the kings of this dynasty was called Vakbha, whose coins have been found which show a marked degree of Indianisation. One of the later kings was called Napki Maika. His coins were restruck by the later Turks, the Sahi Tegin.149 It is significant that when the Arabs invaded Jabulistan in 654-55 A.D., a decade after the visit of the Chinese traveller, they mentioned only Zunbil as the title of the king and they do not associate him with the Turks. This word Zunbil is again a derivative of Jabul/Jauvla, which was the name of the ruling clan.


Ram Sarup Joon[5] writes that Jats accepted Gujar leadership because Gujars were Buddhists and had arisen for a noble cause. The Jats who joined the Gujar force also came to be known as Gujars by and by. Kings of Solankhi Gotra,


History of the Jats, End of Page-115


Panwar or Partihars established two kingdoms named Bhinmal, and Tira (Achalgarh) in the area of Mount Abu.

The proof ofParmars and Pratihars being Gujars or Huns is that there was a town named Jablapuri which both these kingdoms claimed as their heritage. Jabila (Hun) was the chief of the tribe.

Monuments

There is an ancient temple named Jawalaji Temple in district Kangra. See - Jwalamukhi

Distribution in Uttar Pradesh

Villages in Muzaffarnagar district

They are found in district Muzaffarnagar (UP) near Kandhla town. Jawla (जावला) Jats are found in Muzaffarnagar district in the Villages :

Dangrol, Bhabhisa, Hurmanpur, Kansuvpur, Khanpur, Butrada, Muzaffarnagar, Kasampur, Hurmanjpur, Taharpur Bhabisa,

Villages in Hapur district

Shyampur Jatt,

Distribution in Madhya Pradesh

Villages in Indore district

Indore,

Notable Persons

  • Anil Chaudhary - very famous International Cricket Umpire from Dangrol village in Shamli
  • Niranjan Jawla - Engineer in reliance(Vice manager, Bombay)
  • Satya Veer Singh Jawla - Service at Indore. Mob - 9425081970
  • S S Jawla - Bharat Insecticides Ltd, Indore, Dy GM, Mob:9630030020, Email:ssjawla@bharalgroup.co.in, ssjawla@yahoo.com
  • Shivam Jawla-Delhi
  • Abhinav Jawla (Advocate)-Delhi. Mob.-9555552204

External Links

References

  1. डॉ पेमाराम:राजस्थान के जाटों का इतिहास, 2010, पृ.301
  2. अजॊदरॊ गजशिराः सकन्धाक्षः शतलॊचनः । जवाला जिह्वः करालश च सितकेशॊ जटी हरिः (Mahabharata:9.44.56)
  3. Dr Mahendra Singh Arya etc,: Ādhunik Jat Itihas, Agra 1998 p.246
  4. Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study)/The Jats, pp 48-51
  5. Ram Sarup Joon: History of the Jats/Chapter VI,p.115-116

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