Joon

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Joon (जूण)[1] Joon (जून)[2] Jun[3] /Zun (जून) is a gotra of Jats found in Haryana and Uttar Pradesh in India. They are Ionian of Greek writers in Afghanistan. [4] Joon are derivatives of Ahlawats.

Origin

  • The bards consider Joons as descendants of Rao Joon of the Solanki clan of rulers.

In Mahavansa

Mahavansa/Chapter 10 writes ...Pandukabhaya (437-367 BC) laid out four suburbs as well as the Abhaya-tank, the common cemetery, the place of execution, and the chapel of the Queens of the West, the banyan-tree of Vessavana and the Palmyra-palm of the Demon of Maladies, the ground set apart for the Yonas and the house of the Great Sacrifice; all these he laid out near the west gate.


Mahavansa/Chapter 12 tells: Moggaliputta after the third Buddhist council for founding of the religion in adjacent countries, sent forth theras....He sent to Aparantaka the Yona named Dhammarakkhita. The thera Dhammarakkhita the Yona, being gone to Aparantaka' and having preached in the midst of the people the Aggikkhandhopama-sutta gave to drink of the nectar of truth to thirty-seven thousand living beings who had come together there, he who perfectly understood truth and untruth. A thousand men and yet more women went forth from noble families and received the pabbajja. ....The wise Maharakkhita who went to the country of the Yona delivered in the midst of the people the Kalakarama suttanta. A hundred and seventy thousand living beings attained, to the reward of the path (of salvation); ten thousand received the pabbajja.


Mahavansa/Chapter 29 tells.... From various (foreign) countries also did many bhikkhus come hither; what need to speak of the coming of the brotherhood living here upon the island (Lanka)?

  • From Alasanda the city of the Yonas came the thera Yonamahadhammarakkhita with thirty thousand bhikkhus to the island of Lanka at the time of building of Great Thüpa.
  • The great thera Suriyagutta came from the great Kelasa-vihara with ninety-six thousand bhikkhus.

Alexander Cunningham[5] has identified Alasanda and Kelasa with mentioned in above paragraph. .... He writes that The passage of Pliny describing the position of Alexandria is prefaced by a few words regarding the town of Cartana, which, while they assign it a similar position at the foot of the Caucasus, seem also to refer it to the immediate vicinity of Alexander's city. .....If I am right in identifying Begram with the Kiu-lu-sa-pang of the Chinese pilgrim, the true name of the place must have been Karsana, as written by Ptolemy, and not Cartana, as noted by Pliny. The same form of the name is also found on a rare coin of Eukratides, with the legend Karisiye nagara, or " city of Karisi" which I have identified with the Kalasi of the Buddhist chronicles, as the birthplace of Raja Milindu. In another passage of the same chronicle, [6] Milindu is said to have been born at Alasanda, or Alexandria, the capital of the Yona, or Greek country. Kalasi must therefore have been either Alexandria itself or some place close to it.

History

Ram Swarup Joon[7] writes about...Joon and Maare: Raj Raja Ahumal Solanki, forefather of Ahlawat reigned upto 1068 AD.

His son Sameswar II ruled upto 1176 AD. He was dethroned by his brave brother Bikr Manak who crowned him King. He assumed the title of Kul Jang or Bikramaditya IV. He conquered a large part of South Eastern India and in the Northwest upto Kashmir. A reference to this fact is found in a book of Indian History by Misar Bandhu. In the dynastic tables of the Joon and Maare in possession of a bard of Sonepat, Kulutung reigned upto 1227 AD.

After his death, Solanki rule declined.

The kingdom got divided into petty pockets and eventually disintegrated. Two sons of Rao Gaj Singh of this dynasty, Rao Joon and Rao Maare came North with their mother and uncle Basal Dev and settled down in village Chhochhi in District Rohtak (Haryana). Their mother married Basal Dev and got four children from him.

There are fifteen villages of Joon gotra viz. Chhochhi. Kakrola, Paiharheri, Khungai. Samchana, GadiKheri, Chatthra, Nuna Mazrah (author's village), Lowa Khurd, Desalpur, Ujarda, Abhupur, Nangla Kabir, and Mani Majra.


Lake Urmia in Iran has 102 islands. One of them is named Jovin which may be a place inhabited by Joon people.

Dr Natthan Singh writes quoting Dr Budh Prakash that the Yaudheyas are related with present Dahiya clan and Arjunayana Ganasanghas were the present Joon clans. [8]


Jun (जूं), lit. ' louse,' a Jat tribe found in Karnal, originally settled in Delhi. [9]

Hukum Singh Panwar (Pauria) [10] states that The Ephthalites (White Hunas), who came to India, comprised the Xun, (Jun) Hala, Halan, Jouan/Jouen, Jaria and Jauval or Johl tribes of Scythic origin. 116 one. Strenuous efforts were made by Virkas, Aulikaras and Dharanas (Jat tribes) to turn out and exterminatet the Huns from India, and yet some of the Huna tribes seem have been absorbed in the Jats. The existence of Joon, Hala, Hoon, Halani, Juria, Johl and Johi among the Jats leads us to surmise that the above mentioned Ephthalmite tribes, who must have managed to stay in North-Western India merged with the Jats and retained their ethnonyms.

H.A. Rose [11] considers Zun = Jun, the aborigines of Sialkot.

अहलावत गोत्र की शाखा

दलीप सिंह अहलावत[12] लिखते हैं:

अहलावत गोत्र के महान् पुरुषों के नाम से ओहलाण,पेहलाण, ब्रह्माण, जून और माड़े गोत्र चले हैं। अतः इनकी रगों में एक ही धारा का खून बह रहा है। कुछ लेखकों ने जून गोत्र को अहलावत, ओहलाण, पेहलाण, ब्रह्माण गोत्रों का सौतेला भाई (मौसी का बेटा) लिखा है और दन्त्तकथा भी यही प्रचलित है। हमारे लेख से स्पष्ट है कि जून गोत्र भी इन चारों गोत्रों का रक्त भाई या एक ही वंश का है। राजा गजसिंह जिसके पुत्र जून और माड़े थे, अहलावत सोलंकी गोत्र का था1। अहलावत, ओहलाण, पेहलाण, ब्रह्माण गोत्रों के आपस में आमने-सामने एवं एक दूसरे की भांजी या भांजा के साथ विवाह नहीं होते हैं। जून ने छोछी गांव बसाया जो कि डीघल के निकट है। इसी गांव से जून गोत्र के 15 गांव बसे हैं -

जिला रोहतक में 1. छोछी 2. नूणा माजरा 3. लोवा 4. खुंगाई 5. समचाणा 6. गद्दी खेड़ी 7. पत्थरहेड़ी 8. देसलपुर 9. अभूपुर, सोनीपत जिले में 10. छतहरा, फरीदाबाद में 11. अजरोंदा, चण्डीगढ़ में 12. मनीमाजरा और देहली प्रान्त में 13. नांगलकबीर 14. ककरोला (कुछ घर) जून जाट गोत्र के हैं।

अहलावत वंश के शाखा गोत्र - 1. ओहलाण 2. पेहलाण 3. ब्रह्माण 4. जून 5. माड़े

In Afghanistan

H. W. Bellew writes that Muhammadan name appears among the sections of many of the Afghan' tribes, especially in those inhabiting the Indus Valley about the Peshawar district, which was one of the principal seats of the Greek dominion. But in the Sanskrit writings the name Ionian appears in the form of Yona or Yavana, and Jona or Javana.[13]

Distribution in Haryana

There are fifteen villages of Joon gotra viz. Chhochhi, Kakrola, Patharheri, Khungai. Samchana, Garhi Kheddi, Chatthra, Nuna Mazrah (Jhajjar), Lowa Khurd (Bahadurgarh Tehsil, Jhajjar), Desalpur (Bahadurgarh Tehsil), Ujarda, Abhupur, Nangla Kabir (Muzaffarnagar), and Mani Majra.

Villages in Delhi

Kakrola,

Villages in Jhajjar district

Chhochhi, Nuna Mazrah (नूणा माजरा)(Bahadurgarh Tehsil), Lowa Khurd (लोवा खुर्द) (Bahadurgarh Tehsil), Desalpur (Bahadurgarh Tehsil), Khunghayi (खुंघाई) (Jhajjar Tehsil),

Villages in Gurgaon district

Pathereri,

Villages in Rohtak district

Garhi Kheddi, Samchana,

Distribution in Rajasthan

Villages in Hanumangarh district

Sangariya,

Villages in Muzaffarnagar district

Muzaffarnagar, Ujarda, Abhupur, Nangla Kabir

Notable persons of this gotra

  • Ram Swarup Joon: Author of the book on Jat History - History of the Jats, Rohtak, India (1938, 1967
  • Lieutenant Colonel Dal Singh
  • Major Rajiv Kumar Joon - Ashoka Chakra, Martyr in encounter with terrorists in Kashmir in 1995.
  • Major Risal Singh (Joon) - Military Cross
  • Sudershan Joon - Advocate
  • Sanjay Joon - HCS, Acting Deputy Commissioner, Faridabad.(Haryana). From village Pathereri
  • Partap Singh Joon (Late) - IAS Haryana , From village Pathereri
  • Kamayani Singh Joon - Former Model & Socialite, married to Raja Kanwar.
  • Ch. Surajmal, Vill - Lowa Khurd, Ex-MLA Bahadurgarh, Haryana.
  • Ch. Rajender Singh Joon, Vill - Lowa Khurd, MLA Bahadurgarh, Haryana.
  • Mr.C.S. Joon- Govt. Service, Director Lok Sabha Parliament Director, Lok Sabha Secretariat, New Delhi, H. No.- 40, Sec-22 (HUDA), Gurgaon Haryana, Ph: 0124-2365768 9810236050 (PP-638)
  • Mr.Raj Singh Joon - General Manager Escorts, 5/M-116, NIT, Faridabad. Haryana, Ph: 0129-2413645/2412480, 9811060078, 9810620981 (PP-818)

Further reading

References

  1. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. 40
  2. Dr Pema Ram:‎Rajasthan Ke Jaton Ka Itihas, p.301
  3. B S Dahiya:Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study), p.239, s.n.102
  4. An Inquiry Into the Ethnography of Afghanistan:H. W. Bellew, p.55
  5. The Ancient Geography of India/Northern India,pp. 26-30
  6. Milindu-prasna, quoted by Hardy, in ' Manual of Buddhism,' pp. 440, 516.
  7. Ram Swarup Joon: History of the Jats/Chapter V,p. 89
  8. Dr Natthan Singh, Jat-Itihas, (Jat History), Jat Samaj Kalyan Parishad, F-13, Dr Rajendra Prasad Colony, Tansen marg, Gwalior, M.P, India 474 002 2004
  9. A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/J,p.416
  10. The Jats:Their Origin, Antiquity and Migrations/An Historico-Somatometrical study bearing on the origin of the Jats, p.136
  11. A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/C, p.174,f.n.
  12. जाट वीरों का इतिहास: दलीप सिंह अहलावत, पृष्ठ.207
  13. An Inquiry Into the Ethnography of Afghanistan: H. W. Bellew, p.55

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