Fandan

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Fandan/Phandan (फाण्डण) Fanan/Phanan (फानण) Phanan (फानण) Phandan (फाण्डण) Phanden (फाण्डेण) Fandhan (फाण्डण) Fenin/Phenin (फेनिन)/Phani (फनि) Faundan/Phaundan (फाउण्डन)[1] Fandhan/Phandhan (फनधान)[2] [3] Phandi/Fandi (फाण्डी) gotra of Jats is found in Rajasthan.

Origin

They are said to be originated from Nagavanshi King Phandi (फांड़ी).[4] or Fandaka (फण्डक)[5]. One Buddhist source [6] writes them Bhandi.

Jat Gotras Namesake

  • Phandan (Jat clan]]: Phaṇivansha. Khalari Stone Inscription Of Haribrahmadeva : (Vikrama) Year 1470 (=1415 AD) [7] mentions as under in VV.4-5: ....(V. 4) In the royal race of Ahihaya (अहिहय) (L.4-5) there was born a devotee of Siva possessed of fierce valour (namely) the king Simhana (सिंहण) (L.5), having adopted the Kalachuri branch (of it) , who, by the great pride of his own arms, conquered, on the battlefield, eighteen fortresses of the enemies.....(V. 5) His son was the valiant king Râmadeva (रामदेव) (L.6), who, with an angry look, attacked, in the forefront of battle, Bhôningadëva (भोनिगदेव) (L.6) of the Phaṇivaṁśa (फणीवंश) (L.6) Nâga lineage (and) who, like a jewel (in the hood of a serpent), had a lustre resplendent like a collection of rays of the mid-day sun

Mention by Pliny

Pliny[8] mentions The region of Themiscyra, and the nations therein....Upon the coast there is the, Thermodon, which rises at the fortified place called Phanarœa4 and flows past the foot of Mount Amazonius.5 There was formerly a town of the same name as the river, and five others in all, Amazonium, Themiseyra, Sotira, Amasia, and Comana6, now only a Manteium. (4.)


4 Now called the Thermea.

5 Still called Mason-Dagh.

6 He alludes to Comana, in Pontus, the site of which is now called Gumenek, near to which, on the Tocat-su, the modern name of the Iris, Hamilton found some remains of a Roman town, and part of a bridge apparently of Roman construction. The language of Pliny seems to imply that it had become in his day nothing beyond a manteium or seat of an oracle.

Villages founded by the clan

  • Ranchi -Founded by Nagavanshi King Phanimukut
  • Chaura -a village about 11 miles from Kawardha (Chhattisgarh): In a temple known as Mandava Mahal (मंडवा महल) there is a long inscription on a slab containing 37 lines, which records the construction of a Siva temple by king Ramachandra, born of the Phani Nagavansha, and married to Ambikadevi of the Haihaya lineage.
  • Khalari Stone Inscription Of Haribrahmadeva : Year VS 1470 (19 January 1415) tells us that in the Kalachuri branch of the Ahihaya ( i. e., Haihaya) dynasty there was born the king Siṁhaṇa a devotee of Śiva, who conquered eighteen forts of his enemies. His son was Rāmadēva, who killed in battle Bhōṇiṅgadēva of the Phaṇivaṁśa (i.e., Nāga lineage). His son was Haribrahmadēva, who also was a devotee of Chandrachūḍa (Śiva ). Verses 7-8 describe his capital Khalvāṭikā....It is to be noted here that Khalari is in district Mahasamund of Chhattisgarh.

History

Phanigiri (फणीगिरि) is a village in Suryapet district, Telangana. The place consists of a Buddhist complex which is adorned with a massive stupa along with two apsidal halls with stupas in it.

Phanigiri is a Buddhist site in Suryapet district, Telangana. It dates back to the 1st Century BCE. It is about 40 km from the district headqauarters Suryapet. Two large footprints in the complex are believed to belong to Gautama Buddha. The place also houses three viharas which were once served as the dwelling for the Buddhist monks. Previously the name of the village was Dharmachakrapuram but later it is changed to Phanigiri.

In Mahabharata

Fandaka in Mahabharata (I.35.11)

Adi Parva, Mahabharata/Mahabharata Book I Chapter 35 mentions Names of Chief Nagas. Fandaka in Mahabharata (I.35.11). [9]

Chaura Inscription at Mandava Mahal of Ramachandra of Phani or Nagavansha

(In situ)
Genealogical table of Kawardha Nagavanshi rulers

Chaura is a village about 11 miles from Kawardha. In a temple known as Mandava Mahal (मंडवा महल) there is a long inscription on a slab containing 37 lines, which records the construction of a Siva temple by king Ramachandra, born of the Phani or Nagavansha, and married to Ambikadevi of the Haihaya lineage. It gives the legend of the origin of the Nagavansha, somewhat resembling that of the Haihaya-vansha, who claim a serpent and a mare to be their original ancestors. Our record relates that a serpent got enamoured of Mithila, the beautiful daughter of the sage Jatukarna (जाटुकर्ण).

He therefore assumed human form and had intercourse with her. Their issue was Ahiraja, who, having conquered the neighbouring chiefs, set himself up as a king. The kings who followed him are shown in the genealogical table in the picture. Family tree is as under:

1. Ahiraja → 2. Rajalla → 3. Dharnidhara → 4. Mahimadeva → 5. Sarvavandana (Saktichandra ?) → 6. Gopaladeva → 7. Naladeva → 8. Bhuvanapala → 9. Kirtipala 10. Jayatrapala → 11. Mahipala → 12. Vishamapala → 13. Ja(nhu) → 14. Janapala or Vijanapala (or Juvapala ?) → 15. Yasoraja → 16. Kanhadadeva ? (Vallabhadeva ?) → 17. (La)kshmavarma → 18. Khadgadeva → 19. Bhuvanaikamalla → 20. Arjuna → 21. -Bhima → 22. Bhoja

17. (La)kshmavarma → Chandana → Vijjana → Malugideva → 23 Lakshrtiana → 24. Ramachandra → (Arjuna + Haripala)

Khalari Stone Inscription Of Haribrahmadeva : Year VS 1470 (=1415 AD)

Khalari Stone Inscription Of Haribrahmadeva : (Vikrama) Year 1470 (=1415 AD) [10] mentions as under in VV4-5:

(V. 4) In the royal race of Ahihaya (अहिहय) (L.4-5) there was born a devotee of Siva possessed of fierce valour (namely) the king Simhana (सिंहण) (L.5), having adopted the Kalachuri branch (of it) , who, by the great pride of his own arms, conquered, on the battlefield, eighteen fortresses of the enemies.

(V. 5) His son was the valiant king Râmadeva (रामदेव) (L.6), who, with an angry look, attacked, in the forefront of battle, Bhôningadëva (भोनिगदेव) (L.6) of the Phaṇivaṁśa (फणीवंश) (L.6) Nâga lineage (and) who, like a jewel (in the hood of a serpent), had a lustre resplendent like a collection of rays of the mid-day sun

The inscription refers itself to the reign of the king Haribrahmadeva (हरिब्रह्मदेव) of the Kalachuri dynasty. After the customary obeisance to Gaṇapati and three invocatory verses in honour of that god and of Bhāratī (भारती) (the goddess of speech ) and Nārāyaṇa, the inscription goes on to state that in the Kalachuri branch of the Ahihaya (अहिहय) (i. e., Haihaya) dynasty there was born the king Siṁhaṇa (सिंहण ) a devotee of Śiva, who conquered eighteen forts of his enemies. His son was Rāmadēva, who killed in battle Bhōṇiṅgadēva (भोनिंगदेव) of the Phaṇivaṁśa (i.e., Nāga lineage). His son was Haribrahmadeva (हरिब्रह्मदेव), who also was a devotee of Chandrachūḍa (Śiva) (चंद्रचूड). Verses 7-8 describe his capital Khalvāṭikā (खल्वाटिका). The inscription was written by Rāmadāsa of the Vāstavya family and was engraved by the artisan Ratnapāla.

Villages founded by Fandan clan

Distribution in Rajasthan

Villages in Sikar district

Chachiwad Bara, Hardayalpura, Rashidpura (200), Sihot Chhoti, Singhasan, Rasidpura Khudi, Bhukar Ka Bas (Rasidpura), Mailasi (Fenin) (4),

Villages in Churu district

Bhukaredi , Khuri Sujangarh (2) Sujangarh (Fandi=7),

Villages in Jhunjhunu district

Chelasi,

Distribution in Haryana

Villages in Fatehabad District

Phanden (फाण्डेन) Jats are found near Bhoona, which is a town in Fatehabad District in the Hisar Division of the state of Haryana, India.

Notable persons

  • Dana Ram Choudhary - Addl.S.P., Rajasthan Police
  • Dr. Raj Phanden (Cycle Baba) from Bhuna is a well known Environment Activist. He has covered 50 countries on cycle till now. He organises education camps for environment education. He plans to cover upto 200 countries in next 5 yeas. He has also a target to plant 200,000 trees.
  • Dr. Hari Singh (Fanan) - Doctor Medical & Health , Date of Birth : 6-July-1965, Dhani Fanan Wali c/o Shiv Bricks Factory Dhudoli Road Po. Neem Ka Thana, Dist. Sikar, Present Address : B-35 Basant Vihar Sikar, Phone Number : 01572-256003, Mob: 9414315827
  • Dr. Sudhish Kumar (Fenin) - Asstt. Professor ML Sukhadia University, Date of Birth : 15-May-1966, VPO- Rashidpura, distt.- Sikar, Rajasthan, Present Address : E-10-University Quarters, Ashok Nagar Main Road, Udaipur, Phone Number : 0294-2412059,Mob: 9460931280, Email: skmlsu@gmail.com
  • Kheta Ram Fandi - Son of Hira Lal, Nr Chandra Shekhar School, Sujangarh. Mob:9772995800.[11]

See also

  • Funan - Kingdom of Funan around the 1st century CE in the Mekong Delta of southern Vietnam.

References


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