Southern India

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Southern India or South India includes the following states of India.

The union territories of Lakshadweep and Puducherry.


South India includes the southern part of the peninsular Deccan Plateau and is bounded by the Arabian Sea in the west, the Indian Ocean in the south and the Bay of Bengal in the east. The geography of the region is diverse, encompassing two mountain ranges, the Western and Eastern Ghats, and a plateau heartland.


The Godavari, Krishna, Tungabhadra, Kaveri, and Vaigai rivers are important non-perennial sources of water.


Carbon dating on ash mounds associated with neolithic cultures in Southern India date back to 8000 BCE.

The South Indian Malabar Coast and the people of the Sangam age traded with the Graeco-Roman world. They were in contact with the Phoenicians, Romans, Greeks, Arabs, Syrians, Jews, and Chinese.[1]

Buddhism was at its peak during 4th century BCE to 8th century CE in South India.

Andhra Pradesh has the majority of Buddhist remnant sites (approximately 160) both documented and undocumented. Buddhism reached East Asian countries from the seaports of Andhra Desa.

There were several significant rulers and dynasties in southern Indian history. Dynasties such as Cheras, Cholas, Pallavas, Pandyas, the Satavahanas of Amaravati, Kadambas of Banavasi, Western Ganga Dynasty, Chalukya dynasty of Badami, Western Chalukyas, Eastern Chalukya, Hoysalas, and Rashtrakutas of Manyaketha have ruled over South India.


  1. (Bjorn Landstrom, 1964; Miller, J. Innes. 1969; Thomas Puthiakunnel 1973; & Koder S. 1973; Leslie Brown, 1956