Kawardha

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Author of this article is Laxman Burdak लक्ष्मण बुरड़क
Map of Kawardha district

Kawardha (कवर्धा) is a city and district in Chhattisgarh. Kawardha is also known for the Temple of Bhoramdeo. This district is known for the Bhoramdeo temple (which is also known by the sobriquet, "the Khajuraho of Chhattisgarh") located at a distance of 18 km from the district headquarters, Kawardha. The northern and western parts are surrounded by the Maikal mountain ranges of Satpura.

On July 2, 1998 the government of Madhya Pradesh state decided to constitute a new district, Kawardha by combining the erstwhile tehsil of Kawardha of Rajnandgaon district and the erstwhile tehsil of Pandariya of Bilaspur district.[1] The town of Kawardha was decided as the headquarters for this new district. The new district came into existence on July 6, 1998. The district is presently known as Kabirdham district. The four Vidhan Sabha constituencies in this district are Kawardha, Virendra Nagar, Lormi and Mungali.

History

Not only Kawardha but also the place Chaura and Chhapri located at about 17 Km. from Kawardha, which is known as Bhoramdev, is a very important place historically and archaeologically. This place was the capital of Nagavanshi kings from about 9th century to 14th century. After that this came under possession of Haihayvanshi kings who were related to state Ratanpur. The Archaeological remains of the temple and old fort constructed by these kings are still available. [2]

According to Dilip Singh Ahlawat [3], The Naga Jats ruled over Kantipur, Mathura, Padmavati, Kausambi, Nagpur, Champavati, (Bahgalpur) and in the central India, in western Malwa, Nagaur (Jodhpur- Rajasthan). In addition they ruled the ancient land of Shergarh, (Kotah Rajasthan), Madhya Pradesh (Central India), Chutiya Nagpur, Khairagarh, Chakra Kotiya and Kawardha. The great scholar, Jat Emperor, Bhoja Parmar, mother Shashiprabha was a maiden of a Naga Clan.

The Nagas of Kawardha established their power in the 9th century AD and they continued their rule till the middle of 14th century AD as feudatory of Kalachuris of Ratanpur. Details about this dynasty has been supplied by nine Inscriptions found at Kawardha, Chhapri, Chaura, Chhapri,Pujaripali, Boria and Sahaspur.[4]

Bhoramdeo temple

Bhoramdeo temple

The Bhoramdeo temple is carved on the rocky stones in the Nagar style. This temple was built in the period of 7th to 11th century A.D.

The Shiva Linga in the temple is beautifully carved and the artistic appeal beckons the visitors. The Bhoramdeo temple has a resemblance with the Sun temple of Konark and The Khajuraho temple , and that is why it is also called the Khajuraho of Chhattisgarh. The “Madwa Mahal” near the Bhoramdeo temple is another beautiful historic monument, worth seeing. Just one km. away from Bhoramdeo , Madwa Mahal is known as the memorial of the marriage of Nagavanshi king and Haihawanshi Queen. ‘Madwa’ is a word from the local dialect synonymous to marriage pandal.

Madwa Mahal was originally a Shiva temple but due its shape, like a marriage shamiyana, it is known as “Madwa Mahal”. It is also called Dullhadeo. Nagavanshi emperor Ramchandra Deo has built it in 1349 A.D. The Shiva Linga is inside the ‘Garbha Grih’ and the ‘Mandap rests upon 16 pillars’.

The erogenous idols of this temple are also extremely beautiful. On the outer walls there are as many as 54 erotic sculptures in different poses. These asanas from the “Kam sutra”, are truly an epitome of eternal love and beauty. They are artistically significant too. The Nagavanshi Kings were believed to be the practitioners of ‘Trantra’ as their contemporaries in Khajuraho. The traces of turmeric on the walls, indicate that marriage and other rituals must have been performed here from time to time.

The Bhoramdeo temple, in the backdrop of natural beauty, is also unique for its architecture. Cunningham had termed it as one of the most beautifully decorated temple seen by him.

The main temple here has two parts. One is known as Ishtika made temple and the other is completely stone-carved. The main Bhoramdeo temple is in front of atranquil and cool lake. This medieval temple has been constructed upon a five feet high sprawling platform including a ‘Mandap’(shelter) Antral(Passage) and ‘Garbha Grih’(The main house of God). This east facing temple three openings except in the west. In the 60 ft. x 40 ft. area of the temple the Mandap which is square shape having four pillars in the centre and the rest are in periphery , associated with high roofs. There is a half shelter also on every entrance. In the 9 x 9 sq. ft sized ‘Garbha Grih’ a Shiva Linga’ is situated. The top of Grabha Grih goes straight to the summit of the temple known as the ”Kalash”. The east side Kalash is open in a circular form, probably to reduce the weight and maintain the balance of the structure. Near the entrance on the outer walls, the sculptures of Lord Vishnu and his other incarnations can be seen, besides those of Shiva, Ganesha etc. The row of idols from top to bottom have a size of one , one and half , and two feet height respectively The bottom part of the temple has four structures to keep the main body of the temple intact braving adverse weather condition. There are only four joints but no ‘kalash’ on the top of the same. The idols of elephants and lions are queued up on the top give the temple a decorative look. The main idols in the temple are those of Uma-Maheswar, Natraj , Narsimha , Vaman , Krishna, Surya , Kaal , Bhairava, Nritya Ganesh , Kartikeya, Tandul, Shivgang, Chamunda, Ambika, Sapta-Matrika and Laxmi-Naryan. The traces of 'Ram-Katha' are also engraved here in stones. Amidst a variety of idols the carnal sculptures of the temple are known worldwide for their exquisite carving in different erotic poses, obviously to reflect the lifestyle of those historic periods.In the north of the temple, there is a brick structure temple, which has got a superbly crafted series. On the North East and South portions of the ‘Garbha Grih’ the right angled projections add attraction to the site having big one in the middle and smaller ones on the outer side.

The brick-Structured temple also has similar Garbha Grih, as in main temple but there is no ‘Mandap’ in the front and only a open projected wall is there called ‘Allinda’. The top of this temple , too , is equal to the Bhoramdeo temple but the peak is broken mid-way. The entrance of the ‘Garbha Grih’ is completely stone-carved having one centre pillar and three adjoining pillars still intact. Inside the main temple there are shiva Linga and idols of Uma-Maheshwar. The king and queen are standing in the front as the worshippers.

Boramdeo Temple Inscriptions 1088 A.D.

(In situ)

Near the village Chhapri, 11 miles east of Kawardha, there is an old temple of Vishnu, popularly known as Boramdeo, on account of Gonds having utilized it as a shrine of their god when they were ascendant. The oldest inscription here is on the pedestal of a large figure of a bearded man sitting with joined hands, which General Cunningham considered to be the Raja's religious adviser. There are four records on it. The first gives a number of names apparently of the temple builder's religious advisers. In the second inscription the names of his wife, sons and daughters are given, In the third the date is given as 840, during the reign of Gopaladeva, and the fourth gives the names of masons.

The year apparently belongs to the Kalachuri era, and is thus equivalent to 1088 A.D. Gopaladeva was evidently a local chief under the sovereignty of the Ratanpur kings. He may be identical with Gopaladeva of the Pujaripali inscription. The principal image of the temple is that of Lakshmi Narayana, on the pedestal of which the name of that ubiquitous Jogi Magaradhvaja with the figure 700 is inscribed. On the wall of the temple there is a modern inscription of the Samvat year 1608 (A. D. 1551), which was originally read as 160, equivalent to A.D. 103, and was quoted as a proof of the antiquity of Gond rule in Chhattisgarh.

Source - (Cunningham's Archaeological Reports, Volume XVIII, page 42.)

Boria Statue Inscriptions of Jasarajadeva Kalachuri year 910 (1158 AD)

Reference - Corpus Inscriptionium Indicarium Vol IV Part 2 Inscriptions of the Kalachuri-Chedi Era, Vasudev Vishnu Mirashi, 1905, p. 585


Nos 111-112; Plate XCII
Boria Statue Inscriptions of Jasarajadeva

These inscriptions were discovered in 1881-82 by Sir A Cunningham near the ruins of a temple of the goddess Kankālī in an old deserted fort, 3 miles to the north-west of the village Bôriâ. This village is situated about 20 miles to the north of Kawardha, the chief town of a former feudatory State of the same name in the Chhattisgarh Division of Madhya Pradesh. Cunningham published a transcript and a photozincogiaph of the inscriptions in Archceologîcal Survey of India Reports, Vol XVII, p 44 and plate xxii. They were subsequently noticed by Rai Bahadur Hiralal in his inscriptions in the Central Provinces and Berar. They are edited here for the lirst time from excellent ink impressions kindly supplied by Mr. M A Suboor of the Central Museum, Nagpur.

They are two inscriptions, each on a separate statue. Both are in a good state of preservation. The characters are Nâgarï and language Sanskrit Each consists of only three lines. The average size of the letters in the first or larger one is 5" and that of the second is 7" .

The larger Inscription (A) of the two records is incised on the pedestal of a bearded figure with hands joined in adoration. It mentions Thākura Māltu, the Chief Minister {Mahāmātya) of the illustrious and victorious king, Mahārānaka Jasarājadeva, and names his son, mother and daughter. The object of it is to record the construction of a temple by Māltu for the religious merit of his father. This temple is evidently identical with the present one dedicated to the goddess Kankālī

The second inscription (B) also mentions the illustrious Jasarājadeva. The object of it is apparently to record that the statue on which it is incised represents Jāgu, the son of Dhirachhëndra, who was a military officer, evidently, of Jasrājadeva. He is stated to be a devoted disciple.

The first inscription contains the date, Samvat 910, expressed in decimal figures, of an unspecified era. It must, of course, be referred to the Kalachuri era. It does not admit of verification, but as an expired year, it would correspond to 1158-59 A C. The second inscription is undated, but is clearly of the same period.

Jasarājadeva, mentioned in both the records, is evidently identical with Yasorāja whose inscription, dated K 934, was found at Sahaspur in the same State of Kawardha.

He was probably a feudatory of the Kalachuris.


Note - Cunningham gives the date as Samvat 910 in one place and as Samvat 1110 in another. See his A S I R , Vol XVII, pp 44-5 Hiralal read it as 945 or 915. Jasarājadeva of the present inscription is probably identical with Yasôrāja of the Sahaspur inscription (No. 115) which is dated in the (Kalachuri) year 934. If the date of the present inscription is also in the Kalachuri era, as appears probable, the reading 1110 is impossible. If referred to the Vikrama era, this date would be too early for Jasarâjadêva, judging from the characters of the inscription. It is also unlikely to be a date of the Saka era as shown by the Word Samvat prefixed to it, though it would, in that case, not be impossible for Jasarâjadêva. The figures of the date are very badly formed. The Sāhaspur inscription indicates that the first figure is intended to be 9. The last two figures appear to be 1 and 0. In any case the last figure cannot be read as 5, for the contemporary shape of which, see L-6 of the Sahaspur inscription.


Translation

A


Hall ! (There is) the illustrious and victorious king Jasarājadeva . Of him (who is) Mahārānaka, the Mahāmātya (Chief Minister) is the Thākura Māltu. His son, deserving of highest praise by his intelligence, is a Thākura, well-known by the name Pāltu. His mother is Vāltā. His daughter is well-known by the name Vāvo (This) blessed temple has been erected for the religious merit of his father. The year 910

The Sûtradhāra (artisan) was Dharaṇīdhara.

B

(This is) the illustrious Jasarājadeva. His Dandanāyaka (is) Jāgu, the son of the illustrious Dhirachhendra, the Thākura who is a devoted disciple.

Note by Wiki editor

  • Kali Kankali (काली-कंकाली कोटा) is Goddess at Kota in Rajasthan. This shows that Nagavanshis of Kota and Kawardha are related with each other.

Sahaspur Statue Inscription of Yasoraja of Kalachuri year 934 (A.D. 1182)

Reference - Corpus Inscriptionium Indicarium Vol IV Part 2 Inscriptions of the Kalachuri-Chedi Era, Vasudev Vishnu Mirashi, 1905, p. 595

No 115 ; Plate XCV
Sahaspur Inscription of Yasoraja 1182 AD

This inscription was first brought to notice by Sir Richard Jenkins in the Asiatic Researches, Vol. XV, p 506. It was subsequently noticed by Sir A. Cunningham, who gave an account of its contents and the Christian equivalent of its date together with a photozincograph in his Archœologîcal Survey of India Reports Vol. XVII, pp 42-4, plate xxii. Its date was next examined by Dr Kielhorn in the Indian Antiquary Vol XVII, p. 217. The inscription is edited here for the first time from excellent ink impressions kindly supplied by Mr M A Suboor of the Central Museum, Nagpur.

The record is incised on the pedestal of a statue, locally known as that of Sahasrārjuna or Sahasrabāhu, which lies under a tamarind tree near a tank at Sāhaspur, 12 miles to the south-west of Kawardha, the chief town of a former feudatory state of the same name in Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh. It consists of four short lines followed by four half lines on the left and two half lines on the right. It is in a good state of preservation. The average size of the letters is 5". The characters are Nāgarî and the language Sanskrit. The only orthographical peculiarities, which call for notice, are the use of v for b in Valêr=.L-1 and of the palatal ś for the dental s in -sûnôh^ L-2

In the first four lines the inscription describes Yasôrāja whom the statue was intended to represent ; but the description is wholly conventional. The next four half lines on the left name his queen (Lakshmādevī), two sons (Bhojadeva & Rājadeva) and one daughter (Jāsalladevi). The date of the inscription is recorded in the two half lines on the right as the year 934 (expressed in decimal figures only), the fifteenth tîthi of the bright fortnight of Kārttika, Wednesday. This date must evidently be referred to the Kalachuri era and regularly corresponds to Wednesday, the 13th October 1182 A C. On that day the fifteenth night of the bright fortnight of Kàrttika in the expired Kalachuri year 934 ended 14 hours after mean sunrise.

As stated before, Yaśorāja was probably a feudatory of the Kalachuri kings of Ratanpur.

Text

१. वक्तृत्वे समतां सदा सुरगुरोर्द्दाने व(ब)लेर्भूभुज

२. लावण्ये मकरध्वजस्य गिरिजाशू(सू)नो सुशक्तौ स्थिति.।

३. प्रत्यायातरिपुश्च दुष्टमपि [य]स्तद्रक्षणे य शिवि (बि)

४. सोयं चात्र विराजते भुवि यशोराज जितारि स्वय(यम्)[॥१॥

५. राज्ञी श्रीलक्ष्मादेवी ॥ स्वस्ति सम्व[त्] ९३४

६. कुमारश्रीभोजदेव ॥ कार्तिक सुदि १५ वु(बु)धे ॥

७. कुमारश्रीराजदेव: ॥

८. कुमा[रि](री) [श्री]जासल्लदेवि(वी) ॥

Sahaspur Statue Inscription of Yasoraja of Kalachuri year 934 (A.D. 1182)[5]

Translation of Sahaspur Statue Inscription of Yasoraja of Kalachuri year 934 (A.D. 1182)

Here on the earth shines that Yaśorāja himself, who has conquered his enemies, who has always attained equality with the preceptor of gods in eloquence, with the Bali in charity, with the crocodile-bannered (god of love) in beauty (and) with (Kartikeya) the son of Girijā in great strength, and who is Sibi in protecting even a wicked foe who comes back to him (for shelter).

(Line 5) The queen, the illustrious Lakshmādevī.
The prince, the illustrious Bhojadeva.
The prince, the illustrious Rājadeva.
The princess, the illustrious Jāsalladevi.

Hail ! (In) the year 934, on the 15th (lunar) day of the bright (fortnight) of Kārttika, on Wednesday.

Wiki Editor's note on Sahaspur Statue Inscription of Yasoraja of Kalachuri year 934 (A.D. 1182)

The inscription mentions following names which are associated with Jat history or Jat clans:

  • Shivi (शिवी) - Shivi (शिवी) or Sibi (सिबी) or Sibia (सिबिया) is a gotra of Jats.
  • Jit (जित) - Jit (जित) or Jit (जिट) is term used for Jats by the English historian James Tod.
  • Yashoraja - Yashoraja has been identified by Vasudev Vishnu Mirashi [7] as a feudatory of the Kalachuri kings of [Ratanpur]]. Mandava Mahal Inscription of Nagavanshi kings of Samvat 1406 (A. D. 1349) at Chaura gives the genealogy of Nagavanshi Jat rulers of Kawardha which starts from Ahiraja. In this list Yashoraja is mentioned at S.No. 15. Ramachandra is mentioned at S.No. 24 in this list, who constructed Shiva temple at Bhoramdeo in 1349 AD. There is a gap of 167 years and period of each generation comes about 19 years. This justifies that Yashoraja is from the dynasty of Nagavanshi Jat rulers of Kawardha.

Mandava Mahal Inscription of Nagavanshi kings of Samvat 1406 (A. D. 1349) at Chaura

(In situ)

Source - Hira Lal: Descriptive lists of inscriptions in the Central provinces and Berar,p.162-63

Chaura is a village about 11 miles from Kawardha. In a temple known as Mandava Mahal (मंडवा महल) there is a long inscription on a slab containing 37 lines, which records the construction of a Siva temple by king Ramachandra, born of the Phani or Nagavansha, and married to Ambikadevi of the Haihaya lineage. It gives the legend of the origin of the Nagavansha, somewhat resembling that of the Haihaya-vansha, who claim a serpent and a mare to be their original ancestors. Our record relates that a serpent got enamoured of Mithila, the beautiful daughter of the sage Jatukarna (जाटुकर्ण).

Family tree of Nagavanshi Rulers of Kawardha


He therefore assumed human form and had intercourse with her. Their issue was Ahiraja, who, having conquered the neighbouring chiefs, set himself up as a king. The kings who followed him are shown in the genealogical table in the picture. Family tree is as under:

1. Ahiraja → 2. Rajalla → 3. Dharnidhara → 4. Mahimadeva → 5. Sarvavandana (Saktichandra ?) → 6. Gopaladeva → 7. Naladeva → 8. Bhuvanapala → 9. Kirtipala 10. Jayatrapala → 11. Mahipala → 12. Vishamapala → 13. Ja(nhu) → 14. Janapala or Vijanapala (or Juvapala ?) → 15. Yasoraja → 16. Kanhadadeva ? (Vallabhadeva ?) → 17. (La)kshmavarma → 18. Khadgadeva → 19. Bhuvanaikamalla → 20. Arjuna → 21. -Bhima → 22. Bhoja

17. (La)kshmavarma → Chandana → Vijjana → Malugideva → 23 Lakshrtiana → 24. Ramachandra → (Arjuna + Haripala)

It would appear that the succession deflected twice from the direct line. For nine generations up to Kirtipala it went in a direct line. The 10th king Jayatrapala was a brother of Kirtipala, who apparently had no son to succeed him. Twelve descendants of Jayatrapala succeeded one after the other, the last king Bhoja being succeeded by Lakshmana, a great-grandson of his great-great-grand- uncle. Lakshmana's son was Ramachandra, the 2Oth descendant from the original ancestor Ahiraja.

The inscription is dated in Vikrama Saka 1406, bear- ing the name Jaya, which makes it clear that the year intended was that of the Vikrama era, as the cyclic year Jaya was current in Vikrama Samvat 1406 (A. D. 1349). This record shows that Kawardha and the neighbouring country were under the sway of the Nagavanshi kings for a period of about 500 years, commencing from the beginning of the 9th Century A. D., a little before the advent of the Kalachuris or Haihayas to [[Chhattisgarh[[. Apparently the Nagavanshis became the feudatories of the Kalachuris and continued to rule under their protection for a long time. Amongst the kings of this dynasty we find two names Gopaladeva (6) and Yasoraja (15) with which we are familiar from other inscriptions found in this locality. Gopaladeva's name occurs in the Boramdeo temple, about a mile away from our inscription slab. It is dated in the Kalachuri year 840, or A. D. 1088, while at Sahaspur, only 21 miles away from Chaura, there is a record of Yasoraja, dated in the Kalachuri year 934, or A.D. 1182. These kings must evidently belong to the dynasty which our record describes. Between Gopaladeva and Yasoraja there was an interval of only 94 years according to the dates of their inscriptions, but our record gives eight intervening generations, giving an average of less than 12 years to a generation. This throws a doubt on the accuracy of the genealogy, to swell which it is possible a number of fictitious names may have been inserted.

The geographical names mentioned in the record are Chavarāpura, the Samkari river, Rajapura and Kumbhipuri. Chavarapura, to the east of which the temple was built, is undoubtedly the village Chaura, within whose limits the temple still lies, and Samkari is the Sankari river which is about a quarter of a mile away. Rajapura was a village granted for the supply of offerings to the god, and may be identified with a village of the same name three miles from Chaura. Kumbhipuri is not traceable. It was given at the same time as an agrahara to a Brahman named Mahesa. The record which is in verse, was composed by a Dakshini Brahman Vitthala, which seems to account for the curious way in which he has ^indicated the era, calling it Vikrama Saka ; the last word Saka used in this phrase is merely an equivalent of a year.

Tahsils in Kawardha district

Villages in Kawardha district

Kawardha district has two tahsils: Kawardha and Pandariya

Villages in Kawardha tahsil

Achanak Pur, Achanakpur, Achanakpur, Adwar, Agari, Agari, Agarikalan, Akla Ama, Amakhodra, Amalidih, Amalidih, Amanara, Amanara, Amapani, Amera, Amgaon, Amlideeh, Amlidih, Amraudi, Anchhi, Andhari Kachhar, Andhrikachhar, Anjana, Babai, Babutola, Bachedi, Bachhrukonha, Badaradeeh, Badauda Kalan, Baddo, Badnapani, Bagdai, Baghamuda, Bagharra, Baghmada, Baghutola, Bahanakhodara, Baharmuda, Baherakhar, Baiharsari, Baijalpur, Baijalpur, Baiji, Bairakh, Bajguda, Bakanda, Bamhani, Bamhani, Bamhantara, Bamhantola, Bami, Bandaura, Bandha, Bandha Tola, Bandhi, Bandukkunda Alias Silyari, Bangora, Baniya, Baniya, Banjari, Banjhi Mauha, Bankhaira, Banki, Bano, Bano, Bano, Barbaspur, Barbaspur, Barbhanwar, Bardi, Barenda, Bargaon, Barghat, Barhapani, Barhatti, Barkuhi, Baroda Khurd, Barpani, Basinjhori, Batipathra, Baturakachhar, Belapani, Belhari, Benda, Bendarchi, Berala, Bhadu Tola, Bhagauta Tola, Bhagutola, Bhainsbod, Bhainsbod, Bhalapuri, Bhalpahari, Bhalpahri Plot, Bhaluchuwa, Bhandar, Bhandarpur, Bhandhaura, Bhanpur, Bhansula, Bharatpur, Bhareli, Bhathelatola, Bhathkudera, Bhawartok, Bhedali, Bhedra, Bhelwa Bhanwar, Bhelwa Tola, Bhibhauri, Bhibhauri, Bhikhampur, Bhimpuri, Bhimpuri, Bhira, Bhonda, Bhothi, Bhothiyapathra, Bhurkuda, Bhursi Pakri, Bicharpur, Bidora, Bigarbharri, Bijabairagi, Bijai, Bijajhori, Biptara, Biranpur, Biranpur, Biranpur Khurd, Birendra Nagar, Birkona, Birutola, Bisanpura, Bisanpura, Bisatola, Bitkuli Kalan, Bitkuli Khurd, Bitli, Boda, Boda, Bodalpani, Bodalpani, Bodla, Boghaikunda, Boirkachhara, Bokkar Khar, Bolda, Bolda Kalan, Bolda Khurd, Bordehi, Borduli, Borendipani, Boriya, Botepar, Botesur, Budhwara, Budhwara, Chachedi, Chamari, Chandaini, Chandalpur, Chandradadar, Charbhatha, Charbhatha, Chardongari, Chaura, Chehta, Chhanta, Chhantajha, Chhapari, Chhata, Chhiraha, Chhirbandha, Chhirpani, Chhitpuri Kalan, Chhitpuri Khurd, Chhotupara, Chhuhi, Chikhali, Chilan Khodra, Chilphi, Chimagondi, Chimra, Chor Bhatti, Chorbhatti, Chuchrungpur, Chuchrungpur, Dabrabhath, Dadu Tola, Daganiya, Daihandeeh, Daihandeeh, Daldali, Dalpuruwa, Dalsa Tola, Dani Ghatholi, Daniya Khurd, Darai, Dargaon, Dargawan, Darigawan, Dariya, Dashrangpur, Dashrangpur Khurd, Daujri, Daukabandha, Dehri, Deodahra, Dewari, Dhamaki, Dhamindih, Dhanaura, Dhanaura, Dhaneli, Dhangaon, Dhangaon, Dhanwahi, Dharampura, Dharmgarh, Dhauraband, Dhawaipani, Dhirsa Tola, Dholbajja, Dhongai Tola, Dhooma Chhapar, Dhorli, Diyabar, Doma Tola, Dongariya, Dongariya, Dubha, Dudhiya, Duldula, Dullapur, Dullapur, Dullapur, Dullapur, Dumariya, Durajanpur, Durduri, Fandatod, Gabhauda, Gadaghat, Gadhabhatha, Gandai Kalan, Gandai Khurd, Gangchuwa, Gangchuwa, Gangpur, Gangpur, Ganjai Dabari, Ganji Bahra, Garra, Gaurjhumar, Gaurmati, Gegda, Gendpur, Ghahtola, Ghanikhuta, Ghirghosa, Ghongha, Ghontha, Ghorewara, Ghothiya, Ghughari Kalan, Ghughari Khurd, Ghughuwa Dahra, Ghuksa, Gidhan Khar, Gochhiya, Gopal Bhawna, Gorakhpur, Gorakhpur, Gorakhpur, Gudha, Gudli, Gulalpur, Gyanpur, Hadhi, Hardi, Harin Chhapra, Harmo, Hathi Dob, Hathlewa, Hirapur, Hirapur Mohitara, Indori, Iribaksa, Jagmadwa, Jaita Tola, Jaitpuri, Jaitpuri, Jamgaon, Jampani, Jampani, Jamuniya, Jamuniya, Jamuniya, Jamunpani, Jangalpur, Jarhatola, Jarti, Jeodan Kalan, Jeodan Khurd, Jhadutola, Jhalka, Jhalmala, Jhalmala, Jhandi, Jhirgi Dadar, Jhirna, Jhironi, Jhola, Jinda, Jitatola, Jogi Nawagaon Plot, Jogipur, Jogpani, Joratal, Junwani, Junwani, Junwani, Kabaripathra, Kabratola, Kadkada, Kalyanpur, Kamadabri, Kamanbod, Kanabhaira, Kandapara, Kandari, Kanpa, Kanshi Pani, Kanwatola, Kapa, Karahi, Karesara, Karesara, Karmanda, Katangi Kalan, Katangi Khurd, Katgo, Katori, Kaudiya, Kauhapani, Kawardha (M+OG), Kejadah, Kesali, Kesda, Kesmarda, Khadaudha, Khadaudha Kalan, Khadaudha Khurd, Khadauha, Khaira, Khaira, Khairbana, Khairbana, Khairbana Kalan, Khairbana Khurd, Khairipar, Khairjhiti, Khairjhiti, Khairjhiti Kalan, Khairwar, Khajri Kalan, Khamhariya, Khamhariya Jhagariya, Khamhi, Khamraha, Khandsara, Khandsara, Khapri, Khapri, Khara, Kharhatta, Khariya, Khilahi, Alias Balsamund, Khirsali, Kholwa, Khuntu, Khurmunda, Khurripani, Khursipar, Kinari Tola, Kiritbandha, Kodar, Kodwa, Kohadiya, Kohari, Kokada, Koko, Komo, Kosmanda, Kosmanda, Kotgaon, Kothar, Kotnapani, Kotrabundeli, Koylari, Koylari, Koylari, Koylarideeh, Koylarjhori, Kukrapani, Kuman, Kumhar Daniya, Kumhari, Kundpani, Kurki, Kurlu, Kurma, Kuruwa, Kusum Ghata, Kuteli, Kutkipara, Kutkipara, Kuwa, Kuwa, Labda, Laghan, Lahabar, Lakhanpur, Lakhanpur Kalan, Lakhanpur Khurd, Lakhatola, Lalpur Kalan, Lalpur Kalan, Lalpur Khurd, Larbakki, Lariya, Lasatola, Lata, Lawa, Lenjakhar, Liladadar, Limo, Litipur, Lochan, Lohara, Loharideeh, Lohjhari, Loop, Machhiya Konha, Madanabedi, Madanpur, Madmada, Madmada, Magarda, Magarwada, Magarwah, Mahali, Maharajpur, Maharajpur Deeh, Maharatola, Maharatola, Mahlighat, Mainpuri, Majgaon, Majgaon, Majgaon, Makke, Makkekonha, Mandala Tola, Mandi Bhatha Khurd, Mandlakonha, Manikchauri, Manikpur, Manpur, Manpur, Mara Dabra, Mariya Tola, Marka, Marpa, Mathani Kalan, Mathani Khurd, Minminiya, Minminiya, Mirmitti, Mohan Tola, Mohanpur, Mohanpur, Mohbhatta, Mohgaon, Mohgaon, Motimpur, Motimpur, Motimpur, Motiyari, Mudghusri, Mudghusri, Mudghusri, Mudhipar, Mudiya Para, Mudwahi, Mukam, Mundadadar, Mungelidih, Nagwahi, Nandni, Narodhi, Naudih, Nawagaon, Nawagaon, Nawagaon, Nawagaon, Nawagaon, Nawagaon Farid, Nawagaon Khurd, Nawagaon Tiwari, Nawaghata, Nawapara, Nawghata, Neurgaon Khurd, Nevrgoan Kalan, Newari, Newariguda, Newaspur, Newaspur, Newratola, Nunchhapar, Odiya Kalan, Odiya Khurd, Pachrahi, Padari Pani, Pailpar, Pakripani, Palak, Palak, Paliguda, Pandariya, Pandariya, Paneka, Parabhujhola, Paraswara, Parbha Tola, Parsaha, Parsahi, Patharra, Patpar, Pawantara, Pawle, Pendra, Pendri, Pendri Khurd, Pendri Tarai, Pipar Khuta, Pipariya, Pipartola Bade, Pipartola Chhote, Pircha Tola, Plot Rol, Plot Titri, Pondi, Pondi Tola, Pratapgarh, Putki, Rabda, Raghghupara, Raghunathpur, Ragra, Rahangi, Rajadhar, Rajanawa Gaon, Rajpur, Rajpura, Rakse, Rali, Ramhepur, Ramhepur, Ramhepur Khurd, Rampura, Ranidahara, Raniguda, Ranjitpur, Ranveerpur, Rauchand, Raweli, Relai, Renda Khamhi, Rengakhar Kalan, Rengakhar Khurd, Rengatola, Rewapar, Rol, Ruse, Sabratola, Sagona, Sahaspur, Sajatola, Sakti Pani, Salgi, Salhewara, Saliha, Samariya, Samnapur, Samnapur Alias Korkat, Sarai, Sarai Patera, Sarai Patera, Sarang Pur Kalan, Sarangpur Khurd, Sarekha, Sari, Sarki Kachhar, Sarodhadadar, Sarodhi, Sauru, Sawaikachhar, Semo, Semsata, Seoni Kalan, Seoni Khurd, Seoni(Rampur Plot), Shambhu Pipar, Shitalpani, Sighanpuri, Silhati, Silhati, Sili, Singapur, Singarpur, Singhangarh, Singhanpuri, Singhanpuri, Singhanpuri, Singhanpuri, Singhanpuri, Singhanpuri, Singhanpuri, Singhanpuri, Singhari, Singhauri, Singhra Para, Singpur, Sirmi, Sohagpur, Sonbarsa, Songhari, Sonpur, Sonpuri, Sonpuri, Sonpuri, Sontara, Sonwahi, Sukhatal, Sukjhar, Suktara, Sukwa Para, Superwar, Surajpur, Surajpur, Surajpura, Sutiya, Talpur, Talpur, Tamruwa, Taregaon, Taregaon Maidan, Tarma, Taro, Tarsing, Tatawhai, Tatikasa, Tegdasihe, Teli Tola, Tendu Tola, Thakur Tola, Thakuraintola, Thanwarjhol, Thathapur, Thothma Nawapara, Thuhadeeh, Thuhapani, Thunupar, Tilai Bhath, Tilaibhath, Titari, Tumdilewa, Turaiyabahara, Ulat, Umariya, Usarwahi, Uslapur, Uslapur,

Villages in Pandariya tahsil

Adhchara, Agarpani, Ajwain Wah, Akhra, Alipur, Amadah, Amaldiha, Amaniya, Amarpur, Amera, Amli Malgi, Andhiyar Khor, Ataria Khurd, Badaura, Badna, Baghamunda, Bagharra, Baghraitola, Bahbaliya, Bahpani, Bakela, Bamaipur, Bandha, Bangar, Baniya Kuwa, Bansapur, Basni, Basulalot, Belmunda, Bhadga, Bhadrali, Bhagatpur, Bhagatpur, Bhainsadabra, Bhaisbod, Bhakur, Bharewa Puran, Bharewapara, Bhatruse, Bhedagarh, Bhelki, Bhoitola, Bhurbhuspani, Bhuwalpur, Bicharpur, Bijabhatha, Bijaitola, Bijhouri, Binauri, Bipatpur, Birainbah, Birampur, Birhuldih, Birkona, Bisesara, Bodhipara, Bodtara Khurd, Bohil, Buchipara, Chanta, Charbhatha Kalan, Charbhatha Khurd, Charkhura Kalan, Chatri, Chhindidih, Chhirha, Chhirpani, Chhitapar Kalan, Chiyadand, Dabri, Dalamouha, Dalpi, Dalpuruwa, Damapur, Damapur, Damgarh, Dashrangpur, Deosara, Devgarhia, Devpura, Dewanpatpar, Dhaneli, Dhobghatti, Dhola Kapa, Dhursi, Domanpur, Domsara, Dongaria Khurd, Dongariya Kalan, Dullapur, Dullapur, Dullipar, Gangpur, Gaurkapa, Ghoghra Kalan, Ghoghra Khurd, Ghorependri, Ghutur Kundi, Girdhari Kapa, Gobarra, Gourkapa, Guda, Gujheta, Hathmudi, Jaitpuri, Jangalpur, Jhingra Dongri, Jhiriya Kalan, Jhiriya Khurd, Kadma, Kamra Khol, Kamthi, Kandawani, Kanjheta, Kanjheti, Kanwalpur, Kapadah, Karimati, Karpi Kalan, Karpigodan, Keshaligodan, Keshalmara, Keshli Khurd, Khaira Tulsi, Khairdongri, Khairjhiti, Khairjhitti, Khairwar Kalan, Khamhariya, Khamhi, Kharhata, Kheltukri, Khunta, Kisungarh, Kodapuri, Kodawagodan, Kodwa Kalan, Koilari, Koilari Kalan, Kolegaon, Kotnapani, Kui, Kukdur, Kulhidongri, Kumhi, Kunda, Kusiyari, Kuwa Khurd, Kuwa Malgi, Ladangpur, Laduwa, Lakhanpur, Lalpur, Lalpur Kalan, Lalpur Khurd, Limhaipur, Lokhan, Lokhan, Madanpur, Mahidabra, Mahka, Mahli, Mainpura, Majgaon, Majholi, Makri, Malkachhara, Mangli, Manjholi (Khan), Marradabara, Matpur, Mohgaon, Mohtara Kalan, Mohtara Khurd, Motesara, Motimpur, Mouha Madwa, Mujnukapa, Mungadih, Munmuna, Murki, Nanapuri, Narauli, Narsinghpur, Nawagaon (Tiket), Nawagaon Gajri, Nawagaon Hattha, Nawagaon Kalan, Nawagaon Khagesh, Nawagaon Musau, Neur, Neurgaon, Nigapur, Nihalpur, Odadabri, Padhi, Padki Kalan, Palansari, Panchdhar, Pandarikhar, Pandariya (NP), Pandatarai, Pandri Pathra, Pandripani, Panwarjali, Paraswara, Parselkhar, Partappur, Patharri, Patouha, Patuwa, Pauni, Pendri Kalan, Pendri Khurd, Piparha, Piparkhuti, Piparmati, Polmi, Prankapa, Prankhaira, Pusera, Putki Kalan, Putki Khurd, Putputa, Rahiman Kapa, Raitapara, Ramhepur, Ramtala, Ranpa, Rauha, Regabode, Rehuta Kalan, Renhuta Khurd, Rohra, Rokhani, Rukhmidadar, Ruse, Sagauna, Sagonadih, Saihamalgi, Sanakpat, Saraiha, Saraipani, Saraipatera Kalan, Saraiset, Sarpani, Sarupara, Sawantpur, Sejadih, Semarkona, Semraha, Sendurkhar, Senhabhata, Singpur, Sirmadabri, Sodha, Somanapur, Somnapur, Sonpuri, Sukli Govind, Surajpura Kalan, Surajpura Khurd, Taktoiya, Tatakasa, Teliapani Dhobe, Teliapani Ledara, Tenduwadih, Tikarwah, Tilaibhath, Tingadda, Torla, Udaka,

References

  1. History of Kabirdham district from official website, accessed 06-Sep-2008
  2. http://www.gloriousindia.com/places/ct/kawardha.html
  3. Dilip Singh Ahlawat : Jat Viron ka Ithihass (Hindi)
  4. excavations in central India: Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh By R. K. Sharma, Om Prakash Misra, p. 15
  5. Corpus Inscriptionium Indicarium Vol IV Part 2 Inscriptions of the Kalachuri-Chedi Era, Vasudev Vishnu Mirashi, 1905, p. 595
  6. History and study of the Jats. By Professor B.S Dhillon. ISBN-10: 1895603021 or ISBN-13: 978-1895603026. p.126
  7. Corpus Inscriptionium Indicarium Vol IV Part 2 Inscriptions of the Kalachuri-Chedi Era, Vasudev Vishnu Mirashi, 1905, p. 595

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