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Author:Laxman Burdak, IFS (Retd.), Jaipur
Districts in Gujarat State

Gujarat (Hindi: गुजरात, Gujarati: ગુજરાત) is the second-most industrialized state in the India (after Maharashtra).


Gujarat borders Pakistan, and the states of Rajasthan to the north-east, Madhya Pradesh to the east, Maharashtra and the Union territories of Diu, Daman, Dadra and Nagar Haveli to the south.

Districts in Gujarat

Ahmadabad, Amreli, Anand, Banas Kantha, Bharuch, Bhavnagar, Dohad, Gandhinagar, Jamnagar, Junagadh, Kachchh, Kheda, Mahesana, Narmada, Navsari, Panch Mahals, Patan, Porbandar, Rajkot, Sabar Kantha, Surat, Surendranagar, The Dangs, Vadodara, Valsad,

Origin of name

Alexander Cunningham[1] writes that the name of Gurjjara was confined to Western Rajasthan in the time of Hwen Thsang, and that it was still a distinct country from Saurashtra in A.D. 812, when Karka Raja of Lateshwara recorded his grant of land.

Alexander Cunningham[2] writes that In my account of the province of Gurjjara I have already noticed an old inscription of the kings of the Gurjjara tribe. From this record we learn that in S. 380, or A.D. 458 the Gujars had pushed their conquests

[p.322]: as far south as the banks of the Narbada. In that year, and subsequently in A.D. 463, their king Sri Datta Kusali[3] made several grants of land to certain Brahmans in the district of Akrureswara, near Jambusara, which I take to be Akalesar, on the south bank of the Narbada, opposite Bharoch. But before S. 394, or A.D. 472, the Gujars must have been driven back to the north, as far at least as Khambay, as the Chalukya prince Vijaya made several grants of land to the same Brahmans in the town of Jambusara, which lies between Bharoch and Khambay. It is certain, therefore, that the Gujars had occupied the country to the north of the peninsula as early as the fifth century of the Christian era. But two centuries later they had already lost their power, as Hwen Thsang found a Kshatriya prince on the throne of Gurjjara. They must still, however, have Continued to form the bulk of the population of the countries to the west and south of Mount Abu ; and as Alaf Khan, the first Muhammadan conqueror, under Ala-ud-din Khilji, fixed his head-quarters at Naharwara, or Analwara, in the very heart of the Gujar country, I think it probable that the name of Gujarat was then first applied to this new province of the Delhi empire ; and as the peninsula of Saurashtra formed a part of the province, it was also included under the same general appellation. I therefore look upon the extension of the name of Gujarat to the peninsula as a political convenience rather than an ethnographical application. Hamilton[4] notes that the greater part of Malwa and Khandes was formerly called Gujarat; and this is borne out by

[p.323]: Marco Polo, who distinguishes between the peninsula, which he calls Sumenat (Somnath) and the kingdom of Gozurat, which he places on the coast to the north of Tana ; that is, about Bharoch and Surat. Even at the present day the name of Gujarat is not known to the natives of the peninsula itself, who continue to call their country Surat and Kathiawar;[5] the latter name having been a recent adoption of the Mahrattas.


Many settlements of the Indus Valley Civilization, also known as the Harappan Civilization, have been found in Gujarat. The most important of these are the trade port of Lothal in south eastern Gujarat and Dholavira in western Gujarat.

The name of the state is derived from Gujjarātta (Gurjar Rāshtra), which means the land of the Gujjars. It is believed that a tribe of Gujjars migrated to India around the 5th century. Gujarat's coastal cities, chiefly Bharuch, served as ports and trading centres for the Maurya and Gupta empires. After the collapse of the Gupta Empire in the 6th century, Gujarat flourished as an independent Hindu kingdom. The Maitraka dynasty, descended from a Gupta general, ruled from the 6th to the 8th centuries from their capital at Vallabhi, although they were ruled briefly by Harshavardhana during the 7th century. In 775 the first Parsi (Zoroastrian) refugees arrived in Gujarat from Iran. The Arab rulers of Sindh sacked Vallabhi in 770, bringing the Maitraka dynasty to an end. A branch of the Pratihara clan ruled Gujarat after the eighth century.

Historical places

Click the link below to know details about places of historical importance:

Jats in Gujarat

Ethnically there are four groups of people who came to inhabit this land at different points of time and now form the majority here. These are Jats, Ahirs, Rabaris and Harijans. The Jats came from a place in Iran called Half (to be known latter as Jat) and they were herders by occupation. Around five hundred years ago they came to Kutch and Sind in search of new grazing pastures and settled there. Those who joined agriculture called themselves Garasia Jats and those who continued their ancestral occupation were known as Dhanetah Jats, and those who chose to study the Koran became Fakirani Jats. [6]

Kachchha-desa in Gujarat is also known Jartra–desa, the modern Kutch.[7]

The Jats of Kutch are a cattle breeding nomadic Muslim community. They are one of a number of communities of Maldhari pastoral nomads found in the Banni Grasslands Reserve region of Kutch.[8]

The Jat, or Jath in Kutch claim descent from Hindu Jats of the Indus delta region of Sindh, in Pakistan, where a good members of the tribe still reside. Those who remain in Sindh are referred to as the Sindhi Jats. From there, they moved into the Bani region in search of pastorage. With the partition of India, the Jats of Kutch have lost all contact with their kinsmen in Sindh. They appear to be distinct from the Jat community of North India and Pakistan.[9]

The Jats are a Maldhari cattle hearding group, and are mainly distributed in Kutch and Saurashtra region. They have three territorial divisions, the Halai Jat (found in Jamnagar and Porbandar), Verai Jat (Banaskantha District), and Kutchi Jat (found in Kutch District). The Kutchi are further subdivided into the Dhanetah, Girasia and Fakirani, the latter consider themselves superior to the other two, and are strictly endogenous. They are further divided into clans like the Badajang, Podani, Aamar, Vangayi, while the Girasia are divided into the Mudrag, Bhallad and Hallayi. All these clans, except the Fakirani, enjoy equal status. The Saurashtra Jat, known as Malaks, maintain a system of Gotra exogamy.[10]

In addition to cattle rearing, the community are also involved in the breeding of camels, especially the Fakirani. A good many of the Saurashtra community are small scale peasant farmers. A few are landless, and work in as agricultural labourers. The Kutch Jat are also known for their embroidery work.

The Jats of Gujarat have many similarities with those of Haryana, Punjab, and Rajasthan. A few villages in Gujarat were Jats live are Rampura, Motidhani, Nani Dhani etc. These villages are near about Deesa (Dist Banas Kantha) and Palanpur and the gotras found there are Jakhar, Jyani, Godara, Lunayach, Tada, Siyol, Bhari, Nain, Dhaka etc.

The Jats of Gujarat are wealthy and landlords. The Banaskantha district has many Jat villages where a sizable population lives. The Jat population of these villages is about about 30000. These villages are near about national highway 15 and 8. [11]

Gujarat state has a sizable Hindu Jat population. There are about 3000 families dwelling in Ahmedabad. 60 % of these people are engaged in Industrial works, such as Mills, Factories and shops. 20 % are in middle level jobs or small-scale industries. Balance 20 % are either in higher-level jobs are middle level Industries. Some Jat families are mill owners also. [12]

The Jats in Gujarat have come from Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Rajasthan, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh. Patels and Chaudharys of Gujarat consider themselves to be Jats of Gujarat. They are settled mainly in Mehsana district and surrounding areas. The Sagar Milk Dairy is their creation. The Chaudharys of Gujarat are also known as Anjana. The gotras of many of the Chaudharys of Gujarat are similar to those of Jats of North India. They have following gotras as given in list below. The way they are written in Gujarati is given in brackets. [13]

List of Jat gotras

Antal - Utpal (Uplana), Atwal (Ant), Bhatti (Bhatiya), Balagand/Balagan, Chauhan, Chawan, Chahar (Chauhan), Dal,Dhaka, Dhal (Del), Dhaliwal, Dhariwal (Dholiya), Gaur, Goru (Gaur, Gor), Godara-Godha (Goda), Gulia (Galia), Henga, Haga (Hun), Katariya (Katotariya), Maan (Manar), Mahla, Mahlawat (Mahiya), Nauhwar (Nauwar), Pallwal (Pilatar), Parihar (Parihar, Padhiyar), Pauniya (Paun), Pawar (Parmar), Punia (Pooliya), Rathor (Rathor, Rathod), Rawat (Rawat) Sikarwar, Sakarwar (Sakariya), Singhmar (Singh), Sirohi, Saroha (Siroha), Solanki, Solgi (Solanki)

Note: - The above list comparing the Gotras is based on VP Desai’s book “Bharat ke chaudhary” (Bharatna Anjana). VP Desai has mentioned that this caste had done great struggle for the freedom of India and they ruled India for about ten centuries democratically. [14]

Jat Organizations in Gujarat

Jat Samaj Gujarat

  • Awadhesh Chaudhary (Gulia) - President Jat Samaj Gujarat. Mob: 09825005856. Ahamdabad Gujarat,

Jat Samaj Vapi

Vapi (वापी) ,Gujarati: વાપી, is a city and a municipality in Valsad district inGujarat. It is situated on the banks of Damanganga River in southern Gujarat, India. Vapi falls under the taluka administration of Pardi. The industrial township of Vapi holds its place of importance on the "industrial" map and it is the largest industrial area in Asia in terms of small-scale industries, dominated by chemical industry plants.

Gujarat Jat Samaj Vapi Executive body (2005) is as under[15]:

  • Ram Kishan Pilania - President
  • Ram Chandra Chaudhary - Vice President
  • Ramesh Chaudhary - Treasurer

Notable Jats are:

  • Bagta Ram Beniwal - Superintendent Central Excise & Customs, Home District : Barmer, Date of Birth : 1-April-1962, Present Address : 304, Madhuram Aptt., Chharwada Road, GIDC, Vapi-396195 Gujarat, Mob: 9426889292, Email:

Jat Samaj plans to build a community building.

Jats in Valsad district are:

  • Girdhar G. Jakhar - Ganesh Traders, Ph:0260-2435217, 2463481. Mob: 9824156157
  • Anil G. Jakhar - Jakhar Trading Co, Ph:0260-2460079, 2463139. Mob: 9824438849

Jat Samaj Surat

This organization is working in Surat district. Some notable persons in Surat are[16]:

  • Asura Gorasia - Adhyaksh Jat Samaj Surat

Jat Officers in Gujarat

  • Ajay Tomar - IPS, IG (BSF), New Delhi (on deputation)
  • Ajay Antil - IAS 2006 batch ,D C - Posted in Surashtra
  • Ajay Bhadu - IAS 1999 batch, PS to CM, originally from Sikar Rajasthan.
  • Anil Dhaka - IRS 2004, Additional Commissioner Income Tax, Ahmedabad. vill- Jhamber, tehsil and district- Hanumangarh, Rajasthan, Present Address : 1/281, Housing Board, Sri Ganganagar, Rajasthan, Phone: 0154-2475670, Mob: 9636044555, Email Address :
  • Mahavir Singh Dagar - IAS 1984 batch , P S Narmada and Water Resources Department, Gujarat
  • Shamsher Singh - IPS, IG - ACB, Gujarat.
  • Smt. Sunaina Tomar - IAS from Haryana (1989 Gujarat Cadre), Jt. Sec, Textiles Ministry( on deputation) Delhi.
  • Tirth Raj Singh - IPS, 1991 batch, Gujarat, ADGP, Human Rights.

Notable persons in Gujarat

  • Awadhesh Chaudhary (Gulia) - President Jat Samaj Gujarat. Mob: 09825005856
  • Vijay Kumar Kudi - Maninagar, Ahmedabad, Mob:9428999825, Ph:079-25470964[17]
  • Shankar Chaudhary - MLA Radhanpur in Patan Gujarat and General Secretary Youth BJP, Mob:09825313199
  • Radaji Hakmaji Bhari (PATEL) Ex.Sarpanch Sherpura Mob:09427535352 Tel:02744-255199,255221
  • Dr. P H Bhari Mob:09428023280 Tel:02744-221039
  • Lakha Ganeshji Bhari (Sub-Inspector in Central Police Organisation)Mob:09427535352
  • Balaji Bhari - Sarpanch Deesa, Mob:09426567011
  • N D Chaudhary - Businessman Gandhinagar, Gujarat, Mob:09727729119
  • Nawal Bhai Chaudhary - Ahmedabad Gujarat, Mob: 09427008498

See also


  1. The Ancient Geography of India: I. The Buddhist Period, Including the Campaigns of Alexander, and the Travels of Hwen-Thsang. By Sir Alexander Cunningham, p.320-321
  2. The Ancient Geography of India: I. The Buddhist Period, Including the Campaigns of Alexander, and the Travels of Hwen-Thsang. By Sir Alexander Cunningham, p.321-323
  3. Professor Dowson in Journ. Royal Asiat. Soc, new series, i. 280.
  4. Gazetteer, in voce 'Gujerat,' i. 60.
  5. Elphinstone, 'India,' i. 550.
  6. Tour my India
  7. History and culture of the Indian peoples, - Vol. IV- The age of Imperial Kanauj, pp 103
  8. People of India Gujarat Volume XXI Part Two edited by R.B Lal, P.B.S.V Padmanabham, G Krishnan & M Azeez Mohideen pages 528-533
  9. People of India Gujarat Volume XXI Part Two edited by R.B Lal, P.B.S.V Padmanabham, G Krishnan & M Azeez Mohideen pages 528-533
  10. People of India Gujarat Volume XXI Part Two edited by R.B Lal, P.B.S.V Padmanabham, G Krishnan & M Azeez Mohideen pages 528-533
  11. A thread on Jatland
  12. Mahaveer Singh Verma: Jat Veer Smarika 1992 – “Jat Samaj Ahmedabad”
  13. Mahaveer Singh Verma: Jat Veer Smarika 1992 – “Jat Samaj Ahmedabad”
  14. VP Desai:“Bharat ke chaudhary” (Bharatna Anjana)
  15. Jat Samaj,April 2005, p.31
  16. Jat Samaj:Agra, May 2005, p. 28
  17. Jat Vaibhav Smarika Khategaon, 2010, p. 39

External links

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