The Rome of Jats
Tejaji (1074- 1103) born at Kharnal near Nagaur is considered to be folk-deity and worshiped in entire Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, and Madhya Pradesh by all communities. Tejaji as a historical person was born on Bhadrapad Shukla Dashmi, dated 29 January 1074, in the family of Dhaulya gotra Jats, Chaudhary Taharji (Thirraj), a chieftain of Kharnal in Nagaur district in Rajasthan.
Karmabai (1615 - 1634) was a famous Jat woman popularly known as Bhakt Shiromani Karmabai. She was born on 20 january 1615 in the family of Jiwanji Dudi in the village Kalwa situated in Nagaur district.
Foolabai (1664 - 1682) (also Phulabai) was a famous Jat woman popularly known as Bhakt Shiromani Foolabai. She was born in 1664 AD in the family of Jat chieftain of Manju gotra in the village Manjuwas situated at a distance of 20 km from Nagaur in Nagaur district.
The Nagaur district has special importance in the matter of Jat History being the place of origin of many Jat clans. We have provided the list of all villages in each tahsil in the article of respective tahsil head quarters place.
Nagaur finds mention in the Mahabharata as the kingdom of Ahichhatrapur which Arjun is said to have conquered and subsequently offered to his Guru Dronacharya. It was perhaps some of the area of the Nagaur district. This area has been identified as Chhapar Churu, which in ancient times was called Dronapura (द्रोणपुर) or Dronaka (द्रोनक). 
It was a Shvetambara tirtha, mentioned first time in 9th century Shvetambara work of Jayasimha entitled Dharamopadeshamala. The Jaina shrine of this place, referred to in this place, has been mentioned also by later writers. Thhere were other temples and temples of Neminatha, was built according to an epigraph in circa 1100 AD. This temple was associated with the activities to the great Kharatara Acharya Jinavallabha.At present this tirtha is associated with Adinatha. The Nagapuriya gachchha originated from this place. 
Nagaur district is considered to be Rome for the Jats. It is the place of origin of a large number of Jat clans mainly from Nagavanshi . Nagavanshi Jats originally ruled over this place and about 7th century onwards the Chauhans became the overlords of Nagaur and it was included in Sapadalaksha.
The foundation of city dates back to 4th century. Nagaur city was at the centre of Muslim invasion from Central Asia. The Nagaur fort is famous fort of historical importance.
The birth place of Meera and Abul Fazal, Nagaur district has a charbhuja and Parsawanath Temple at Merta and the Dargah of Sufi Saint Tarkin at Nagaur city.
Nagavanshis in Rajasthan
डॉ पेमारामलिखते हैं कि सिंध और पंजाब से समय-समय पर ज्यों-ज्यों जाट राजस्थान में आते गये, मरूस्थलीय प्रदेशों में बसने के साथ ही उन्होने प्रजातन्त्रीय तरीके से अपने छोटे-छोटे गणराज्य बना लिये थे जो अपनी सुरक्षा की व्यवस्था स्वयं करते थे तथा मिल-बैठकर अपने आपसी विवाद सुलझा लेते थे । ऐसे गणराज्य तीसरी सदी से लेकर सोलहवीं सदी तक चलते रहे । जैसे ईसा की तीसरी शताब्दी तक यौधेयों का जांगल प्रदेश पर अधिकार था । उसके बाद नागों ने उन्हें हरा कर जांगल प्रदेश (वर्तमान बिकानेर एवं नागौर जिला) पर अधिकार कर लिया । यौधेयों को हराने वाले पद्मावती के भारशिव नाग थे, जिन्होने चौथी शताब्दी से लेकर छठी शताब्दी तक बिकानेर, नागौर, जोधपुर तथा जालोर के जसवन्तपुरा तक शासन किया । जांगल प्रदेश में नागों के अधीन जो क्षेत्र था, उसकी राजधानी अहिच्छत्रपुर (नागौर) थी । यही वजह है कि नागौर के आस-पास चारों ओर अनेक नागवंशी मिसलों के नाम पर अनेक गांव बसे हुये हैं जैसे काला मिसल के नाम पर काल्यास, फ़िरड़ोदा का फिड़ोद, इनाणियां का इनाणा, भाकल का भाखरोद, बानों का भदाणा, भरणा का भरणगांव / भरनांवा / भरनाई, गोरा का डेह तथा धोला का खड़नाल आदि ।
Nagaur District is situated between 26°25' & 27°40' North Latitude & 73°.10' & 75°.15' East Longitude. It is situated amidst seven districts namely Bikaner, Churu, Sikar, Jaipur, Ajmer, Pali, Jodhpur. Nagaur is the fifth largest district in Rajasthan with a vast terrain spreading over 17,718 sq. K.M. Its geographical spread is a good combine of plain, hills, sand mounds & as such it is a part of the great Indian Thar Desert.
The present district of Nagaur finds a place in the heart of the Rajasthan state. If we draw a cross over the map of Rajasthan the centre of this cross is bound to fall in the district of Nagaur. Before the merger of the states, Nagaur was a part of the erstwhile Jodhpur State.
After indepenence, Nagaur had the honour of being selected as the place in the country from where the Democratic Decentralisation process was launched by the late Shri Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of India on the 2nd October 1959.
Nagaur district is one of the largest district of Rajasthan. The District Collector is the head of District administration. In the district administration two Additional District Magistrates (Nagaur & Deedwana) help him in the discharge of administrative duties.
Sub Division Offices
Twelve Sub Divisional Officers (SDOs) work at the sub division to provide administrative support at the local level. Nagaur district has twelve sub-divisions which are :
There are thirteen tehsil headquarters in this district. Each one has a Tehsildar as the administrative officer, who works in accordance with the land-record system to serve rural farmers and land-holders. The tehsils of the district are :
| ♠ Degana ♠ Deedwana ♠ Jayal ♠ Khivnsar ♠ Kuchaman ♠ Ladnun ♠ Makarana ♠ Merta ♠ Mundwa (Newly) ♠ Nagaur ♠ Nawa ♠ Parbatsar ♠ Riyanbadi
A tehsil contains a number of "Patwar-Mandals", each of which has a 'Patwari' to serve the landholders and farmers at the village level. There are Nine Sub tehsils namely - Deh, Maulasar, Sanju, Bherunda, Peelwa, Chhoti Khatu, Gachhipura (Newly), Nimbi Jodha (Newly) & Bhakri (Newly).
Population and Area
The district comprises of 1624 Revenue Estates (Villages), out of which Merta, Deedwana, Makarana, Parbatsar and Kuchaman are the major towns of the district. The total area of the district is 17,718 sq. K.M., out of which 17,448.5 sq. K.M. is rural and 269.5 sq. K.M. is urban. As per the 2011 census, the population of the district is 33,07,743 (6,37,204 urban and 26,70,539 rural population) which is 4.82% of the total population of the State & Decadal Growth of polulation is 19.20% (2001-2011). The density of population in the district is 187, as against 200 of Rajasthan as a whole. 17,58,624 persons of the district are literate, out of which 13,75,421 are rural and 3,83,203 are urban, which makes it 62.80% of the total population. Out of this literate population 77.20% are males and 47.80% are females.
Nagaur has a dry climate with a hot summer. Sand storms are common in summer. The climate of the district is conspicuous by extreme dryness, large variations of temperature & highly variable rainfall. The mercury keeps on rising intensely from March till June. These are the hottest months. The maximum temperature recorded in district is 117 F with 32 F as the lowest recorded temperature. The average temperature of the district is 74 F. The winter season in the extends from mid November till the beginning of March. Rainy season is of a short during from July to mid September. There are ten raingage stations, namely - Nagaur, Khinvsar, Didwana, Merta, Parbatsar, Makarana, Nawa, Jayal, Degana & Ladnun in the district. The average rainfall in the district is 36.16 cm & 51.5 percentage humidity.
Nagaur Fair -The Jodhpur Nagaur Fair is the second biggest fair in India. The fair goes on for eight days. Nagaur Fair of Jodhpur, Rajasthan is held every year during the month of Jan-Feb.
It is popularly known as the Cattle fair of Nagaur. This is because the Nagaur Fair is mainly all about trading of animals. Approximately 70,000 bullocks, camels and horses are traded every year in this fair. The animals lavishly decorated and even their owners dress up wearing colorful turbans and long moustaches. Other trading in the Nagaur Fair in Jodhpur, India consists of sheep to Marwari horses to spices. Some other attractions include the Mirchi bazaar (largest red-chilly market of India), wooden items, iron-crafts and camel leather accessories.
There is a lot of sports activity also in the fair. The sports range from tug-of-war, camel races to bullock races to cock fights. Nagaur fair is also famous for its jugglers, puppeteers, storytellers, etc. For further entertainment, there is the folk music of the Jodhpur echoing throughout the fair.
Event Profile - The Nagaur Fair or the Cattle Fair of Rajasthan is held in the month of January-February every year. The Fair, which goes for eight days, is the second largest cattle fair of India, and boasts of trading about 70,000 bullocks, camels and horses every year. Nagaur, where the fair is organized, is one of the most charming Rajput towns in Rajasthan.
Thousands of animals, magnificently garlanded with lots of accessories, to provide a vibrant look to them, are gathered at the fair for trading. The owners, displaying their colourful turban and long moustaches, sell cows, bullocks, oxen, horses and camels. In addition to the huge animal exhibition, the fair is also popular for its Mirchi Bazaar (red chilly market), which is biggest in India. The fair also trades for wooden items, iron-crafts and camel leather accessories and many other things.
Besides doing business, the visitors get excellent opportunity to enjoy a diversity of enthralling activities at the fair. The major sports held at the fair include tug-of-war, camel races, bullock races and cockfights. While jugglers; puppeteers, storytellers and campfire evenings make it a life time experience; feel the stillness of the desert sand amid the enchanting ambience created by the folk music of Jodhpur. Nagaur Cattle Fair Nagaur - Nagaur is the very famous quaint and scenic town in Rajasthan. It attracts huge number of tourists during the cattle fair popularly referred to as the Nagaur Cattle Fair, Nagaur.
The Nagaur Cattle Fair in Nagaur marks the trading of cattle on an expansive and extensive scale. This fair is celebrated for 8 days on an annual basis. It usually takes place in the Hindu month of Magha that comprises of January and February months of English.
The Nagaur Cattle Fair, Nagaur is reputed to be the second biggest cattle fair of Rajasthan. In this fair as many as 70, 000 bullocks, camels and horses are traded and owing to the presence of this huge number of cattle this fair has been assigned great importance. However it is just not the number factor for which this fair has risen into popularity. It is also about the quality of the cattle that has earned it a special reputation.
In the Nagaur's Cattle Fair all the cattle are beautifully decorated. These are spotted boasting fascinating accessories in absolutely lavish manner. However it is not the cattle only that are beautified. The owners also boast of gorgeous turbans speckled with vibrant colors and impressive long moustaches.
Apart from cattle the other items that are also exhibited for trading in the Nagaur Cattle Fair, Nagaur include wooden items, iron-crafts, camel leather accessories, etc. A very noted Mirchi Bazaar or Red Chili Market of India is also organized.
Sports contribute to the fun element of the Nagaur Cattle Fair in Nagaur. Several types of sports such as tug-of-war, camel races, bullock races and cockfights are organized which are enjoyed by both the local people and the tourists to the fullest extent. These apart, there are other forms of entertainment also available in the fair. These comprise of jugglers, puppeteers, storytellers, and campfire evenings. These truly add an extra flavor of enjoyment in the fair. However, the one thing that actually steals the show is the folk music of Jodhpur reverberating in entire desert region.
Villages in Nagaur tahsil
Ahmadpura (अहमदपुरा), Ajasar (अजासर), Akhasar (अखासर), Alay (अलाय), Amarpura (अमरपुरा), Andolav (आन्दोलाव), Ashapura (आशापुरा), Athiyasan (अठियासन), Balasar (बालासर), Balwa (बालवा), Bansra (बांसडा), Bapor (बापोड), Barangaon (बरणगांव), Barani (बाराणी), Basni Belima (बासनी बेलिमा)(CT), Basni Kuriya (बासनी कुडिया), Baswani (बसवाणी), Beeramsar (बीरमसर), Bhadana (भडाणा), Bhadwasi (भदवासी), Bhakrod (भाकरोद),, Bhed (भेड़), Bhanwad (भंवाद), Bhojas (भोजास), Bhomasar (भोमासर), Bhundel (भूण्डेल) Boodhi With Chak (बुढ़ी मय चक), Bukaram Sotan (बुकरम सोता), Chak Ghishiyader (चक घिसिनयाडेर), Charnisar (चारनीसर), Chatra Manjra (चातरा मांजरा), Chau (चाऊ), Chawandia (चावण्डिया), Chenar (चैनार), Chenasar (चेनासर), Chheela (छीला), Chugawas (चुगावास), Chuntisara (चुंटिसरा), Datina (दांतीणा), Devisagar (देवी सागर), Derwa (डेरवा), Deu (देऊ), Dhakoriya (ढ़ाकोरिया), Dheengsara (ढींगसरा), Dholiader (धोलियाडेर), Dhoondhiya (ढूंढिया), Dhundhwalon Ki Dhani (धुंधवालों की ढाणी), Dukosi (दुकोसी), Fatehsar (फतेहसर), Gagwana (गगवाना), Galni (गलनी), Gandila Basni (गंदीला बासनी), Gantheelasar (गंठिलासर), Gawaloo, Ghodaran (घोडारण), Godhan (गोधन), Goganada (गोगानाडा), Gogelao (गोगेलाव), Golsar (गोलसर), Gorera (गोरेरा), Gowa Khurd (गोवा खुर्द), Gudha Bhagwandas (गुढा भगवानदास), Gurla (गुडला), Hanmannagar (हनमान नगर), Harima (हरिमा), Hingoniya (हींगोनिया), Indas (इन्दास), Jabrasi (जबरासी), Jajolai (जाजोलाई), Jakhaniya (जाखानिया), Jathera (जठेरा), Jhadeli (झाडेली), Jhadisara (झाड़ीसरा), Jhorda (झोरडा), Jindas (जिन्दास), Jiwan Bera (जीवणबेरा) Jodhiyasi (जोधियासी), Joshiyad (जोशीयाद), Kadarpura (कादरपुरा), Kalri (कालड़ी), Kanwlisar (कंवलीसर), Karnetpura (करनेटपुरा), Karnoo(करणू), Kharkali (खड़काली), Khari Karamsotan (खारी कर्मसोता), Khariya (खारिया), Khetas (खेतास), Khetolao (खेतोलाव), Kitalsar (कीतलसर), Koonknon Ki Dhani (कुंकणों की ढाणी), Krishanpura (कृष्णपुरा), Kumari (कुमारी), Ladiya (लाडिया), Lunda (लुणदा), Madpharas (मदफरास), Makori (मकोड़ी), Malgaon (मालगांव), Mamniyala (बामणियाला), Manasar (मानासर), Mandeli (माण्डेली), Manjhwas (मांजवास), Mundasar (मुण्डासर), Nagaur (M), Nakas (नकाश), Nandwani (नंदवाणी), Nathanara (नाथानाड़ा), Naya Gaon (नया गांव), Nenau (नेणाऊ), Nimbola (निम्बोला), Pabusar (पाबुसर), Pabuthal (पाबुथल), Padan (पाडान), Panchori (पांचौडी), Peelanwasi (पीलनवासी), Peempasar (पींपासर), Peetholai, Perawa (पैरवा), Phagali (फागली), Pithasiya (फिथासिया), Potliya Manjra (पोटिलया मांजरा), Raidhanu (रायधनू), Rajoowas (राजु वास), Ramsar (रामसर), Ramsiya (रामिसया), Ratri (रातड़ी), Raon Ki Dhani (रावो की ढाणी), Rohini (रोहिणी), Sadokan (साडोकन), Saleu (सलेऊ), Salwa (सालवा), Saranwas (सारणवास), Sarasani (सरासनी), Satheran (सथेरण), Satika Khurd (साटिका खुर्द), Seengar (सींगड), Sewri (सेवडी), Shivnada (शिवनाडा), Shivpura (शिवपुरा), Shribalaji (श्रीबालाजी), Shriyadenagar (श्रीयादे नगर), Shyamsar (श्यामसर), Sindhipura (सिंधीपुरा), Singhani (सिंघाणी), Sinod (सिणोद), Siyagon Ki Dhani (सियागों की ढाणी), Son Nagar (सोन नगर), Subhashpura (सुभाषपुरा), Sukholav (सुखोलाव), Sukhwasi (सुखवासी), Surajaniyawas (सुरजिनयावास), Surana (सुराणा), Surjana (सुरजाना), Tankla (टांकला), Tantwas (तांतवास), Tausar (ताऊसर), Teetari (तीतरी), Thalanjoo (थलांजु), Untwaliya (ऊंटवालिया),
Places of Archaeological Interest
- Kharnal - It is situated on the Nagaur-Jodhpur National Highway near about 15 kms from Nagaur. It is the birth place of Lok Devta Veer Tejaji. It is believed that Kharnal was established by Dholya Jats. The Kharnal village was abandoned many times in the past and presently it is situated at a distance of 1 mile in northwest of ancient village. Tejaji is considered to be folk-deity and worshiped in entire Rajasthan and Malwa in Madhya Pradesh by all communities. He was born on Bhadrapad Shukla Dashmi, dated 29 January 1074, in the family of Dhaulya gotra Jats. His father was Chaudhary Taharji, a chieftain of Khirnal.
- Harnawa - Ranabai Dham - It is the birth place of Ranabai. Ranabai (रानाबाई) (1504-1570) was a Jat warrior girl of Dhoon Gotra and poetess whose compositions are popular throughout Marwar region of Rajasthan, India. She is known as 'Second Mira of Rajasthan". She was a disciple of sant Chatur Das also known as Khojiji. Ranabai composed many poems (padas) in Rajasthani Language. 
- Junjala - Gusainji Dham, situated on Merta-Nagaur road about 40 km from Nagaur. It is located at Coordinates: 27°0'41"N 73°45'59"E. Gusainji temple is situated at village Junjala (जुन्जाला). Gusainji (गुसांईजी) is Kuladevata of many communities in India and Pakistan. This temple is very ancient and of historical importance. Fairs are organized here twice on chaitra sudi 1-2 and Ashwin sudi 1-2. Followers come from Rajasthan, Punjab, Haryana, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh. Both Hindu and Muslims come for worship here. Hindus call the deity as Gusainji Maharaj and Muslims call as Baba Kadam Rasool.
- Peepasar -Peepasar is a small village in the Nagaur Tehsil of Nagaur district. It is the birth place of the Great Saint Jambhoji, the founder of the Vishnoi community.
- Maroth - Situated in Nawan tehsil of Nagaur District. 11 kms away from Nawan & 11 kms away from the Kuchaman Road railway station.
- Harsor - Situated in Degana tehsil of Nagaur district. About 30 kms from Degana.
- Manglod - Goth-Manglod Dadhimati temple. Dadhimati is said to be the sister of sage Dadhichi. Dadhimati temple of goddess Dadhimati is located in Nagaur district of Rajasthan. and is surrounded by villages goth-Manglod. It is one of the oldest surviving temples in northern India. Archaeologically, it was built in the 4th century and is of the Gupta era.
- Phalvardhika (Phalodi) - Situated in Merta tehsil of Nagaur district near Merta Road Railway Station. An old temple of Brahamani Mata known as Phalvardhika Mata belonging to the 10th century or even earlier. Some believe the temple was constructed during the Pratihara period and situated 11 kms from Merta City.
- Khatu - Khatu's old name was Shatkup (six wells). When Shak rulers came to India then they brought two new wells with them which were called Shakandhu (Stepwell) & Kalandh (Rahat). Accoring to Prathivraj Raso Khatu's old name was Khatwan. Old Khatu is almost destroyed. Now there are two villages, one is called Bari Khatu & other Chhoti Khatu. On the hillock of Chhoti Khatu a small fort is standing. Fort was built by Prathviraj Chouhan. An old stepwell is located in Chhoti Khatu, known as Phool Bawadi, it is believed that this stepwell was constructed in Gurjara Pratihara period. This stepwell is artistic in its style of architecture.
- Harsolav - It is believed that this village is many centuries old. It has an old fort, a Ganesh temple, a Jain Mandir & a cenotaph of Ramchandra Gurjar which is worth a visit. In the building one can seen beautiful stone carvings. The village is situated on Gothan-Jodhpur road in the Merta tehsil of Nagaur district.
- Mundiyad - It is situated about 25 kms away from Nagaur district Hq. in Nagaur tehsil. Village is centuries old, it is believe that the village was established by Mundra Maheshwari, hence it is called Mundiyad. Here is an old Mataji temple & cenotaphs of Jagirdars & Charans of the medieval period. There is also a small Ganesh temple very famous among the people near by.
- Manjhwas - The village is famous for "Pashupati Nath Temple" & "Phulabai Temple". It is 20 km away from Nagaur district Hq. on Deh route. Pashupati Nath temple is unique in India & built archaeologically as Kathmandu, Nepal. Phulabai was saint born in year 1664 in a Manju gotra Jat family. She was highly devoted to Lord Rama right from childhood & spent her most of time in "Bhakti" & "Kirtana" of Shri Ram.
- Ren - This Village is situated in Merta Tehsil of Nagaur district. 15 kms. away from Merta City. Here is a famous Peeth of the Ram Sanehi community. It is believed that Adi Acharaya Daryavji of Ram Sanehi Community performed "tapsaya" here. Every year a big fair is held on the full noon in the month of Chaitra.
- Kurki - Kurki is a small village in the Merta Tehsil of Nagaur district. It is the birth place of the famous princess and poetess, Meera Bai, about 30 kms. from Merta.
- Jhorda - It is situated on the north of Nagaur about 30 kms away. It is the birth place of the Great Saint Baba Hariram and the poet Kandan Kalpit. Every year in the month of Bhadrapad Chaturthy & Panchmi a big annual fair is held here where about 1-2 lac people participate who come from Rajasthan, U.P., Haryana, Delhi & Punjab.
- Son Nagar - It is situated on the north-west border of the district & is a favourite place for foreign tourists who can enjoy the desert life style here. In the village there is a small museum where Rajasthani life style goods are collected & displayed. (This village is also famous for its artistic "Kathi"-saddle for camels & horses.)
- Gogelav - This village was established in the name of Lok Devta Gogaji and it is believed that Gogaji's Barat-marriage party had stayed here. In the village near about 150 Gateways are there & some of them are very beautiful with stone carvings. Residents of the village are mainly Oswal Mahajans & there are beautiful & big havelies belonging to them. Most of the major Oswal Mahajan families have migrated from here to Kolkatta, Chennai & other big cities of India & quite a few of these families are settled in the U.S.A., Dubai, Germany & Iran for trading purposes.
Jat Gotras in Nagaur district
See complete list of Jat Gotras in Nagaur district - Jat Gotras in Nagaur district
- Baldev Ram Mirdha
- Ram Niwas Mirdha
- Nathuram Mirdha
- Major Nand Kishor Dhaka
- Mool Chand Siyag
- Bhinya Ram Sihag
Gallery of famous Jats from Nagaur
Tejaji (1074- 1103)
Karmabai (1615 - 1634)
Foolabai (1664 - 1682)
Mool Chand Siyag (1887- 1978)
Baldev Ram Mirdha (1889-1953)
Bhinyaram Sihag (1891-1954)
Nathuram Mirdha (1921-1996)
- नागौर जिले के गांवों की सूची
- नागौर का राजनीतिक एवं सांस्कृतिक इतिहास, लेखक- डॉ. मोहनलाल गुप्ता,पृष्ठ 336, प्रकाशन वर्ष 1999
- Nagaur villages on flickr
- Tourist Places in Nagaur District
- Nagaur Cattle Fair
- (See Sakrai inscription of s.v. 1155)
- विप्र श्री वत्स गोत्रे भूदहिच्छ्त्रपुरे पुरा । सामन्तोअनन्त सामन्त: पूर्नतल्लो नृपस्तत: ॥
- Dasharatha Sharma:Early Chauhan Dynasties, p.331
- Encyclopaedia of Jainism, Volume-1 By Indo-European Jain Research Foundation p.5530
- राजस्थान के जाटों का इतिहास, 2010, पृ.19
- Dr Pema Ram & Dr Vikramaditya Chaudhary, Jaton ki Gauravgatha (जाटों की गौरवगाथा), First Edition 2004, Publisher - Rajasthani Granthagar, Jodhpur, Ph 0291-2623933, p. 40-41
- प्रहलाद नाथ: श्री गुसांईजी महाराज के भजन व रचना, p.5
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