Sehrawat

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Sehrawat (सहरावत)[1] Rawat (रावत) Saramat (सरामत)[2] Sairawat (सैरावत)[3] Sahrawat (सहरावत) Seharawat (सेहरावत)[4] Serawat (सेरावत) Sharawat (शहरावत) Sarawat (सरावत)[5] Sahraut(सहरौत)/Sahravat(सहरावत)[6] Saravata (सरावता) is gotra of Jats found in Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Delhi, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Maharashtra.

History

These variants of this gotra were only titles used by Tanwar sardars which later began to be used as Gotras. The Rawat Jats have 800 villages in district Gurgaon and 8 villages in district Aligarh. Rawat is variant of Rajwat (राजवत), a branch of Tanwars.[7] Sarawat are descendants of Virpurusha Shahjad Singh who was body guard of Punjab Keshari.[8] of Delhi during Prithviraj Chauhan to assist him in wars against Mohammad Gauri,after others शhad deserted him. After Prithviraj Chauhan's defeat most of them chose to settle down in areas around Mehrauli (mainly Mahipalpur) where lies their roots,the village was named Mahipalpur after there leader Mahipal Jat. Other villages in Delhi and Haryana/Rajasthan,UP and MP are mainly offshoots of Mahipalpur.It is one of the biggest gotra in jats.

Sub divisions of Saroya

Bhim Singh Dahiya[9] provides us list of Jat clans who were supporters of the Saroya when they gained political ascendancy. The Sarawat clan supported the ascendant clan Saroya and became part of a political confederacy.[10]


It is Branch of Tomars which include - 1. Thenua 2. Chebuk, 3. Rawat, 4. Sahrawat 5. Rao 6. Salkalan, 7. Janghara, 8. Bhind Tomar, 9. Antil 10. Jaiswal, 11. Garhwal.[11]

सहरावत गोत्र का इतिहास

भलेराम बेनीवाल [12] के अनुसार सहरावत जाटों का चंद्रवंशी गोत्र है. यह तंवर/तोमर क्षत्रिय जाट वंश शाखा का गोत्र है. सहरावत गोत्र के पूर्व वंशज तुर्वशु का शासन आज के पाकिस्तान, अफगानिस्तान, सूडान, मिस्र, लीबिया, अल्जीरिया, ईरान, ईराक, तुर्की, यूनान आदि में था. यह एक क्षत्रिय संघ का प्राचीन गोत्र है. इसी से सम्बंधित तंवर/तोमर ने दिल्ली को बसाया व वहां पर अपना राज्य कायम किया. यह तंवर/तोमर का सहयोगी गोत्र होने से दिल्ली के समीप महरौली, महिपालपुर, नागल, बूआना, मंगलपुर, दरियामपुर, पालम, महानगर, कैर, भलस्वा, बभाम, वाजिदपुर, बकरवाड़ा, आदि इस गोत्र के गाँव हैं. सहरावत गोत्र के सहयोग से ही तंवर/तोमर दिल्ली पर राज्य कायम कर सके थे. सहरावत लोगों ने शुरू में अपनी राजधानी महिपालपुर बनाई थी.

जिला मुजफ्फरनगर: भोकर हेडी, बीटावदा ,
जिला मुरादाबाद: अलीनगर, रसूलपुर, हुमायूँपुर, सीठावलीद, गुरसरी, सौजनी पौनोवाले, ओंकरमाढ़ी
जिला रोहतक: भैसरू कलां, मदानी, महरोड़, कुलताना,
जिला भिवानी: नाथवास, सिरोह (नारनौल) ,
जिला हिसार: दुर्जनपुर, खराड़, अलीपुर भगान, जिला पानीपत: करंस, खडवाली, जिला जींद: बिटमड़ा , ईगरा, किला जफरगढ़, जिला फरीदाबाद: भमुरी, कलसाडा, गहलब पहराजागसी (गोहाना ), गढ़वाली खेडा.

ठाकुर देशराज के अनुसार देहली प्रदेश में सहरावत जाट एक समय इतने प्रसिद्ध थे कि उनके सरदार ने पृथ्वीराज के युद्ध में जाने पर देहली के आसपास कब्ज़ा कर लिया था.[13]

Distribution in Delhi

Delhi has a major concentration of Sehrawats and are found mainly in villages: Mahipalpur, Kohi alias Rangpuri, Nangal Dewat (now acquired & shifted due to expansion of IGI,Airport;shifter behind Indian spinal injuries hospital in a resettlement colony), Khair, Kishan Garh, Bawana, Bakkarwala, Hiran Kudna Baprola, Sahipur, Pochan Pur, Tilangpur Kotla, Dhool Siras, Amberhai, Badu Sarai, Mehram Nagar, Mitraon, Chirag Delhi, Singhu Border, Palam

Distribution in Punjab

Sahrawat population is 1,170 villages in Patiala district. [14]

Distribution in Haryana

The main Village of Sehrawats in Haryana are Kharar Alipur, Niyana ,Bhainswal Kalan, Nayat/Niat (न्यात), Dipalpur, Bhadaani, Kultana Ajaib, Mokhra, Kila Jaffargarh, (Khudali). Some villages are near Faridabad. Some Villages are there in Sirsa Distt. and some villages near Tauru (Sehrawats in Tauru are basically from the villages of Delhi; namely Mahipalpur, Nangal Dewat etc. who migrated there after land acquisition in Delhi).

One Interesting thing that i had noted about Sehrawat Villages or mix with other gotras They Normally prefer to reside in East Side of village.

There may be opposition also but this is something uncommon that has been found by some of us.

Village Jagsi in Tehsil Gohana in District Sonipat.

Villages in Bhiwani district

Jainawas,

Villages in Gurgaon district

Sukhrali,

Villages in Mewat district

Hassanpur Taoru, Tawadu,

Villages in Mahendragarh district

Nizampur Narnaul,

Villages in Rewari district

Dhakiya,

Villages in Jhajjar district

Birohar (बिरोहड़), Bhadani, Maliyawas,

Villages in Hisar district

Bithmara, Kharar Alipur, Mehanda, Niyana, Ramayan,

Villages in Rohtak district

Ajaib (अजायब (जाब)), Bhanshru Khurd (भैसरू खुर्द), Mokhara, Mor Khedi (मोर खेड़ी), Sunarian Kalan, Sunarian Khurd, Bhainsru Kalan (भैंसरू कलां),

Villages in Jind district

Kila Zafargarh किला जफरगढ़ (खुडाली),

Villages in Palwal District

Sihaul,

Distribution in Madhya Pradesh

Rawat jats are found in Bhopal, Mandsaur and Gwalior in Madhya Pradesh.

Villages in Nimach district

Serawat Jats are found in villages: Barkheda Jat (15), Kesarpura (1), Kundala (1),

Villages in Harda district

Kheda Harda,

Villages in Gwalior district

Gwalior,

Distribution in Uttar Pradesh

Villages in Bijnor district

Dayalpur Gyanpur,

Villages in Moradabad district

Gursari,Humaunpurr

Villages in Meerut district

Jangethi,

Villages in Mathura district

Rawat Khap has 12 villages in Mathura district. [15]

Villages in Muzaffarnagar district

Alipur Muzaffarnagar, Bhokarheri, Bitaodha, Lisadh, Mathedi, Muzaffarnagar, Nauna, Tissa, Yusufpur,

Villages in Baghpat district

Ladhwari,

Distribution in Rajasthan

Rawat Khap has 12 villages in Bharatpur district. [16]

Locations in Jaipur city

Rawat Jats live in following colonies in Jaipur: Barkat Nagar, Gandhi Nagar, Gopalpura Bypass, Jaisinghpura (Sanganer), Khatipura, Sodala,

Sarawat gotra Jats live in colonies: C-Scheme, Jagatpura, Jhotwara, Murlipura Scheme, Tonk Road,

Villages in Jaipur district

Serawat Jats live in villages:

Achalpura (1), Chatarpura (1), Nangal bharda, Tiwadiwala (1), Udaipuria,

Sherawat Jats live in villages: Hathnoud, Machwa, Mohanpura (1), Ramnagaria, Shri Kishanpura (1),

Villages in Alwar district

Kakrauli, Kudiyana, Nangal Udiya,

Villages in Kota district

Kherli Ghata,

Villages in Tonk district

Surajpura Sarawat (1),

Hanotia Naner (8),

Villages in Sawai Madhopur district

Sahrawata (t.Bonli),

Villages in Bharatpur district

Kila Zafargarh,

Distribution in Maharashtra

Villages in Nasik district

Malegaon, Nardane,

Notable persons from this gotra

  • Satpal - Popularly Known as Padam Shree'Mahabali Satpal'.
  • इस वंश में चौ० शहजादसिंह पंजाबकेसरी महाराजा रणजीतसिंह का अंगरक्षक वीर योद्धा था। उसके वंशज भोकरहेड़ी में रहते हैं।[17]
  • Kanha Rawat - Kanha Rawat born in 1640 AD in village Bahin, place of origin of Rawats, situated 60 miles South of Delhi, was a revolutionary freedom fighter. [18]
  • Chaudhary Mani Ram Sehrawat of Khard AliPur Distt Hisar is a Freedom Figher. He destroyed the statue of George Pancham in Delhi.
  • Mehtab Singh Sehrawat - I.A.S. COMMISSIONER, MUNICIPAL CORPORATION, FARIDABAD
  • Hardhyan Singh Sharawat - Lyricist & singer
  • Gian Singh- Olympian in Wrestling
  • Vinod Sherawat
  • Sarika Sehrawat - Woman car racer
  • Rajpal Singh Sehrawat - Social Worker Bhanshru Khurd, +919013518461.
  • Seema Sehrawat - Research Fellow, Scientist at the No.1 Hospital in the World Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School since 2004. She has done Ph.D. from IISc, Bangalore.

References

  1. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. स-101
  2. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. स-100
  3. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. स-111
  4. O.S.Tugania:Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu,p.60, s.n. 2329
  5. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. स-101
  6. B S Dahiya:Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study), p.242, s.n.198
  7. Mahendra Singh Arya et al: Adhunik Jat Itihas, p. 278
  8. Mahendra Singh Arya et al: Adhunik Jat Itihas,
  9. Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study)/Appendices/Appendix I,p.316-17
  10. A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/J,p.376
  11. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Chapter III,p.192
  12. भलेराम बेनीवाल:जाट योद्धाओं का इतिहास द्वितीय संस्करण 2011, p.
  13. जाट इतिहास:ठाकुर देशराज,पृष्ठ-722
  14. History and study of the Jats, B.S Dhillon, p.126
  15. Jat Bandhu, Agra, April 1991
  16. Jat Bandhu, Agra, April 1991
  17. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Chapter XI - Page 1024
  18. Jat jyoti, March 2009, p.16

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