Damara

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Damara (दमारा) [1][2] is an ancient gotra of Jats found in Haryana. Damar/Dumhar/Damara clan is found in Afghanistan.[3] Damar clan is found in Afghanistan.[4].This gotra is found in Jind.

Origin

They are said to be descendants of Trigartas. [5]

History

Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study), Book by Bhim Singh Dahiya mentions in the list Varahamihira's Names as Damara which at present is Damar. [6]

H. W. Bellew writes that Dumhar for Damara, a tribe formerly very numerous, and figuring prominently in the history of Kashmir (Rajataringini), as a powerful and turbulent people in the country about Lahore. The Dumhar, Domar, or Damar inhabit the Tokatu mountain overlooking Shal (Quetta) valley in Kalat Balochistan. [7]

H. W. Bellew writes that The Damar, Domur, or Dumar are the same, as the Damara of the Rajataringini, as figuring prominently in the history of Kashmir between the ninth and twelfth centuries, during which period, it appears, they occupied the country about Lahore, and on several occasions caused trouble by their turbulence. They are mentioned sometimes along with the Lavanya and Achlholada, tribes of equally restless character but who for us have a peculiar interest on account of the identity of their names with those borne by some of the existing neighbours of the Afghan or Pathan Domar of Peshin and Shal Kot (Quetta), namely, the Luni Pathan and Achakzi Durani. [8]

Achak, a tribe held to be distinct from the others by the Durani themselves, I take to represent the Indian Achi or Achiholada, " The turbulent Achi," of the Rajataringini, a branch of the Damara (Dumar Kakar before noticed) tribe, which figures in the history of Kashmir as a powerful and turbulent people about Lahore and the northern Punjab in the reigns of Avantivarma, 857 to 886 A.D., and of Harsha, 1090 to 1102 A.D., both kings of Kashmir; they may represent tribes of the Tokhari or Toghiyani Turk, or of the Kator. [9]

Damara in Rajataringini

Rajataringini[10] writes that in the Kashmira year 97, in the month of Pousha, the Tantris set aside Partha and set up his father " the idle," their protege to the throne. But in the month of Magha next year he died after having coronated his infant son Chakravarmma. In the year 9 (of the next century) the ministers set aside Chakravarmma, and raised to the throne Shuravarmma son of "the idle," by queen Mrigavati. Chakravarmma, spoiled of his glory, entered one night into the house of a headman of the Dāmara tribe, named Sangrāma, living at Shralhakka. He knew his guest to be the king, and made his homage to him, and gave him his own seat. The king, now humbled, and driven from his kingdom, asked him for aid. On the morning Chakravarmma followed by innumerable Damaras, marched towards the capital. The Tantri infantry placed Shangkarabardhaua at their head, and went out on the 8th bright lunar day of Chaitra to meet the enemy. Chakravarmma made rapid marches unostentatiously and in disguise. A slurp fight ensued outside the town of Padmapura in which Shangkarabardhana was killed by Chakravarmma who rode a horse. On his death, the Tantri army fled in every direction. But Chakravarmma overtook them in their flight and beheaded them with his sword. In this battle the Tantris lost five or six thousand men, who were killed by Chakravarmma and remained under the shadow of vultures' wings.Thus with the help of the Jat clan Damara Chakravarmma could win his kingdom back.

Rajatarangini[11] mentions that when Sussala became King of Kashmir second time in 1121 AD he faced difficulties. There happened a disaster on the bridge over the Sindhu, king was defeated but Renewal of war continued. It is mentioned that Ananda of the family of Kāka, Loshtasha, Nala and other renowned warriors in the Damara army were killed by the king's (Sussala) soldiers.

Origin from Trigartas

Maheswari Prasad consider this gotra to be originated from ancient Trigarta clan named Damani. He[12] writes that it appears that at the time of the final redaction of the Mahabharata the tradition of the six important clans of the Trigartas was well established. It is carious to note that in connection with the application of a suffix Panini makes a reference to the Damini (दामिनी) group and the six Trigartas (दामन्यादि त्रिगर्तसष्टाच्छ: v.3.116). On the basis of an ancient verse the Kashika commentary names these as Kauṇḍoparastha (कौण्डोपरस्थ) , Dāṇḍakī (दाण्डकी), Krauṣṭakī (क्रौष्टकी), Jālamāni (जालमानि), Brahmagupta (ब्रह्मगुप्त), and Jānaki (जानकी). These communities mentioned in the grammatical literature can be identified with following Jat Gotra names:

  • (3) Dāṇḍakī (दाण्डकी): Dangi,
  • (5) Jālamāni (जालमानि): Jali,

Distribution in Haryana

Villages in Jind district

Badanpur, Ghaso,

Notable Persons

External Links

References


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