Sangheda

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Sangheda (संघेडा)[1] Sanghera (संघेडा) Sangera (संगेडा) Sangha (संघा)[2][3][4] / (सांघा)[5][6] Sangeda (संगेडा) Sangriya(संगडिया) Sangheda (संघेदा)[7] Sangere (संगेड़े)[8] Samghil/Samghila (संघिल) gotra Jats found in Punjab and Maharashtra. [9] and Pakistan. Sangriya is a branch of Chauhans.

Origin

History

Tej Ram Sharma[12] describes some names ending in la. He mentions from Udayagiri Cave Inscription of the time of Kumaragupta I of Gupta Year 106 (=A.D. 425) a name such as Samghila, who was a soldier who has been mentioned as an 'Ashvapaty. It is an abbreviated form of the full name 'Samghadatta'. We find Agila (Agnidatta), Satila (Svatidatta), Nagila (Nagadatta), Yakhila (Yaksadatta), Samghila (Samghadatta) in Sanchi Inscriptions.[13].


Tejram Sharma[14] gives details about the kings of Aryavarta defeated by Samudragupta. According to Panini, a polysyllabic name was sometime shortened in order to express affection. Thus in the case of names ending in 'ila' we find:

Devila being derived from Devadatta;
Yajnila and Yajnadatta;
Makhila from Makhadeva;
Agila from Agnidatta ;
Satila from Svatidatta;
Nagila from Nagadatta, and
Yasila, Yakhila from Yaksadatta. Similarly
Matila can be formed from Matideva or Matidatta.

B.S. Dahiya[15] writes... Sanghedas are to be compared with the (Utsava) Sanketa of Mahabharata, [16] where Arjuna conquers them alongwith the Suhma and Chola in the North. The Suhma are the Summa of Sindh at the time of Arab invasion, and the Chola/ Chahla clan, respectively. The Sanketas were in the west also. [17] Sanskrit English Dictionary ( M. Williams) defines Sanketa as the name of a people

Sanghas have been mentioned along with Dhillons. Dhillon Jats ruled Delhi again in the 8th century. In 8th century, Tomara/Toors had seized the throne and power of Delhi from Dhillons and their kinsman Sanghas, Malhis, Dosanjhs and Dhindsas who were descendants of Shah Saroa. Leaving Delhi, they moved towards Rajasthan. After some time they migrated to the Bangar areas of Sirsa in Haryana and Bhatinda. Some of them went beyond to Ludhiana and Ferozepur.

In Mahavansa

Mahavansa/Chapter 23 tells.... King Kakavannatissa caused a guard to hold the Damilas in check to be kept continually at all the fords of the Mahaganga. Now the king had, by another wife, a son named Dighabhaya; and he gave the guard near the Kacchaka ford into his charge. And to form the guard this (prince) commanded each noble family within a distance of two yojanas round (to send) one son thither. Within the district of Kotthivala, in the village of Khandakavitthika, lived the chief of a clan the headman named Samgha who had seven sons.


Mahavansa/Chapter 36 tells....Siri Naga II's son named Vijaya Kumaraka reigned for one year after his father's death.

At that time three Lambakannas lived in friendship at Mahiyangana: Samghatissa and Samghabodhi, the third being Gothakabhaya. When they were coming (to Anuradhapura) to do service to the king, a blind man who had the gift of prophecy, being by the edge of the Tissa-tank, cried out at the sound of their footsteps: `The ground bears here three rulers of the earth!' As Abhaya, who was walking last, heard this he asked (the meaning of the saying). The other uttered yet again (the prophecy). `Whose race will endure?' then asked again the other, and he answered:

`That of the last.' When he had heard that he went (on) with the two (others). When they were come into the capital the three, being the close and trusted (counsellors) of the king, remained in the royal service about the king.

When they together had slain king Vijaya in his royal palace the two (others) consecrated Sangha Tisa, the commander of the troops, as king. Thus crowned did Sangha Tisa reign four years in stately Anuradhapura. He set up a parasol on the Great Thüpa and gilded it, and moreover the king put four great gems, each worth a hundred thousand (pieces of money), in the middle of the four suns,' and put upon the spire of the thupa a precious ring of crystal. At the festival of (consecrating) the chatta the ruler of men distributed the six garments to the brotherhood (in number) forty thousand. As he (one day) when listening to the khandhakas' heard from the thera Mahadeva, dwelling in Damahalaka, the sutta that sets forth the merit of (a gift of) rice-gruel, he, joyfully believing, distributed to the brotherhood at the four gates of the city an abundant and well-prepared gift of rice-gruel.(SamghatissaSamgha)

Distribution in Punjab

Villages in Mansa district

Villages in Moga district

Villages in Sangrur district

Distribution in Pakistan

Sangha - The Sangha are Jats from an Indo-Scythian background. Most of the Sangha Jats live in and around Moga, Jalandhar, Ferozepur, Kapurthala, Sialkot, Muridke, Gurdaspur, Hoshiarpur, Multan and Kharian.

Reference


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