|Author:Laxman Burdak, IFS (R)|
Devika (देविका) is name of a River mentioned by Panini in Ashtadhyayi and also ,entioned in Mahabharata. Mahabharata (I.90.83) mentions that Yudhishthira, having obtained for his wife Devika, the daughter of Govasana of the Saivya tribe, in a self-choice ceremony, begat upon her a son named Yaudheya.
Mention by Panini
Ram Swarup Joon write: 64. Madrak, Madra: The Madrak gotra is an ancient gotra, and is the root of many of the Jat gotras. According to various historians Sialkot, Quetta and Ghazni were the capitals of the Madrakas since ancient times. King Shalya, the maternal uncle of the Kauravas was from the Madrak gotra. Colonel Todd found a rock inscription during the excavations of Shakla Nagri (Modern Sialkot), which he sent to the Asiatic society. In this inscription King Shalya has been called a Madrak Jat. In Mahabharata (Karna Parva) King Shalya has been called Jatit. Alexander's army had a fierce battle with the forces of the Madrakas at Sialkot. Madra and Madrayana are just the other names of Madrak. According to "Neel Puran", Madrak country began after crossing the river Bias, Satyabhama (Satluj) and the river Devika flowed through it. In ancient India the country between the rivers Ravi and Chenab was called Madrak. According to Alberuni and Ptolemy Sialkot and Shakilnagri are one and the same. People belonging to Bhatti gotra associate themselves with both Ghazni and Sialkot and for this reason the Bhatti gotra is accepted as a branch of Madrak.
विजयेन्द्र कुमार माथुर ने लेख किया है ... अश्विनीकुमार क्षेत्र (AS, p.51) महाभारत अनुशासन पर्व में इस तीर्थ का वर्णन है। प्रसंग से, वेदिकाकुण्ड के निकट इसकी स्थिति मानी जा सकती है। देविका नदी संभवत: पंजाब की देह है। 'देविकायामुपस्पृश्य तथा सुंदरिकाह्रदे, अश्विन्यां रूपवर्चस्कं प्रेत्य वै अभते नर:।' (अनुशासन पर्व महाभारत 25, 21)
Adi Parva, Mahabharata/Book I Chapter 90 gives the History and family tree of Puru, Bharatas and Pandavas commencing from Daksha....Devika is listed in verse (I.90.83)...Yudhishthira, having obtained for his wife Devika, the daughter of Govasana of the Saivya tribe, in a self-choice ceremony, begat upon her a son named Yaudheya.
Vana Parva, Mahabharata/Book III Chapter 80 mentions Merit attached to tirthas. Devika (देविका) Tirtha is mentioned in verse III.80.110. ...One should then go, O king, to Devika (देविका) celebrated over the whole world. It was there, O bull of Bharata race, that, as heard by us, the Brahmanas first sprang into existence. There also is the region of the holder of the trident--a region that is celebrated over the world. Having bathed in Devika and worshipped Maheswara by offering him, to the best of one's might, rice boiled in milk and butter, a man obtaineth, O bull of the Bharata race, the merit of a sacrifice that is capable of filling every desire.
- V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p. 45, 104
- History of the Jats/Chapter V, p.
- Aitihasik Sthanavali by Vijayendra Kumar Mathur, p.51
- युधिष्ठिरस तु गॊवासनस्य शैब्यस्य देविकां नाम कन्यां सवयंवरे लेभे । तस्यां पुत्रं जनयाम आस यौधेयं नाम (I.90.83)
- अथ गच्छेत राजेन्द्र देविकां लॊकविश्रुताम, परसूतिर यत्र विप्राणां शरूयते भरतर्षभ (III.80.110)
- नदीं वेत्रवतीं चैव कृष्ण वेणां च निम्नगाम, इरावतीं वितस्तां च पयॊष्णीं देविकाम अपि (VI.10.15)