|Author:Laxman Burdak, IFS (R)|
Kartikeyapura (कार्तिकेयपुर) was the earlier name of Baijnath in Bageshwar district of Uttarakhand, India. Some scholars identify Kartikeyapura with Kartripura of Allahabad Stone Pillar Inscription of Samudragupta (A.D. 335-76).
- Baijnath Uttarakhand बैजनाथ, जिला बागेश्वर, उत्तराखंड, (AS, p.646)
- Kartikeyapura (कार्तिकेयपुर) = Baijnath Uttarakhand बैजनाथ, जिला बागेश्वर, उत्तराखंड, (AS, p.646)
Baijnath, formerly known as Kartikeyapura, was capital of Katyuri kings who ruled over an area consisting of combined parts of Garhwal and Kumaun in modern-day state of Uttarakhand, India and Doti in Modern day Nepal.
Kartripura in Gupta Inscriptions
- (L. 22.)-Whose imperious commands were fully gratified, by giving all (kinds of) taxes and obeying (his) orders and coming to perform obeisance, by the frontier-kings of Samatata, Davaka, Kamarupa, Nepala, Kartripura, and other (countries), and by the Mālavas, Arjunāyanas, Yaudheyas, Madrakas, Abhiras, Prārjunas, Sanakanikas, Kākas, Kharaparikas, and other (tribes);-
- L-22. समतट-डवाक-कामरूप-नेपाल-कर्त्तृपुरादि-प्रत्यन्त-नृपतिभिर्म्मालवार्जुनायन-यौधेय-माद्रकाभीर-प्रार्जुन-सनकानीक-काक-खरपरिकादिभिश्च5 सर्व्व-कर -दानाज्ञाकरण-प्रणामागमन-
It is one of the five frontier kingdoms 264 mentioned in the inscription whose kings did homage and paid tribute to Samudragupta. Scholars differ in their views about the identification of this place-name :
According to smith, 265 this kingdom 'occupied the lower ranges of the western Himalayas, including probably Kumaon, Garhwal, and Kangra'. Oldham 266 holds that the kingdom of Katripura, included Kumaun, Almora, Garhwal and Kangra. Fleet 267 suggests that the name may survive in Kartarpur in the Jullundur district.
We prefer the view of Dasaratha Sharma. 268 His contention is that amongst the five frontier kingdoms mentioned in the inscription, the first three belong to the East, the fourth one belongs to the North, hence it will be better to leave aside
the northern and eastern sides of the empire and to look for Kartrpura somewhere to the west of the Gupta dominions. Consequently he finds Karor or Karur to be a good equivalent for Kartrpura. 269 Kara here stands for Kartr and 'ur' or 'ur' would stand here for pura. 270 Karur, again, is to be preferred to the other alternatives on account of its associations with the Gupta period of Indian History. According to Al-Beruni, an eastern king, called Vikramaditya, put to flight and killed a Saka ruler in the region of Karur, between Multan and Loni. 271 This Vikramaditya is to be identified with Chandragupta II 'the enemy of the Sakas', who disguised as his brother's wife, Dhruvasvamini, 'ripped upon the belley of the Saka ruler', and destroyed the Saka army, most probably, in Kartrpura or Karur. 272
This was the first encounter between the Sakas and Vikramaditya, and Karur, Karor, or Kartrpura was the theatre of the war because of its intermediate position between the Saka dominions and the Gupta empire. 273
262. N.L. Dey, Geographical Dictionary of Ancient and Medieval India, p. 96, also see p. 95.
263. B.C. Law, Historical Geography of Ancient India. p. 97.
264. समतट-डवाक-कामरूप-नेपाल-कर्तृपुरादिप्रत्यन्तनृपति भि: ।
265. V.A. Smith, Early History of India. p. 302, Cf. H.C. Raychaudhuri, Political History of Ancient India. (4th ed.), p. 457.
266. Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland, London. 1898, p. 198.
267. D.B. Diskalkar, Selections From Sanskrit Inscriptions. Vol. I, part II, p. 39 : Indian Historical Quarterly, Calcutta . I, p. 257.
268. Journal of Indian History, Trivandrum Vol. XIV, 1935, pp. 30-33.
269. Ibid., p. 30.
270. Cf. Purusapura -- Peshawar - Pashaur There is still a small town named Karor in the triangle formed by the rivers Chenab and Sutlej.
271. E.C. Sachau, Alberuni's India. ii, 6.
272. Journal of Indian History, Trivandrum. XIV, p. 30.
273. R.C. Majumdar, The History of Bengal. Vol. I, p. 50.
उत्तराखण्ड का प्राचीन नाम
साहित्यिक, मुद्राशास्त्रीय एवं अभिलेखीय स्रोत इस क्षेत्र में द्वितीय शताब्दी ई0पू0 से पांचवीं शताब्दी ई0 के मध्य उत्तराखण्ड के सांस्कृतिक प्रमाण प्रस्तुत करते हैं। चैथी शताब्दी ई0 में उत्तराखण्ड क्षेत्र कार्तिकेयपुर के नाम से जाना जाता था जिसका विवरण समुद्रगुप्त के इलाहाबाद प्रशस्ति अभिलेख में मिलता है।