Odra

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Ancestry of Bali

Odra (ओद्र) Odhra (ओध्र) Odrah (ओद्रा) Odhran (ओधरान) Ond (ओंद) Audhran (औधरान)[1] Odhran/Audhran (ओढ्रान)[2] is gotra of Jats found in Punjab. Dilip Singh Ahlawat has mentioned Audhran as one of the ruling Jat clans in Central Asia.[3]

Origin

Ond are considered branch of Andhaka clan. [4]

History

B S Dahiya[5] writes: The Puranas mention them as "Śakānodhrāna", i.e.,Saka Odhran. They are mentioned in Sabha Parva of Mahabharata [6] as well as Vishnu Purana. Their first ancestor was Odra, and his descendants are called Odhran.


Dilip Singh Ahlawat has mentioned it as one of the ruling Jat clans in Central Asia. [7]


Arrian[8]writes ...Next stood the Odrysian cavalry, under the command of Agatho, son of Tyrimmas. In this part, in front of all, were posted the auxiliary cavalry of the Grecian mercenaries, under the direction of Andromachus, son of Hiero. Near the baggage the infantry from Thrace were posted as a guard. The whole of Alexander’s army numbered 7,000 cavalry and about 40,000 infantry.

In Mahabharata

The Mahabharata Tribe - Udra (Odra) (ओद्र) belongs to Modern Orissa, also known as Utkala and Kalinga. (II.28.48) [9]

Sabha Parva Mahabharata mentions Odra in verse (II.47.19) [10] The Mahabharata Tribe - Odra) (ओद्र) may be identified with Jat Gotra - Odhran (ओधरान).

In Bhagavata Purana

Bhagavata Purana provides us the ancestry of Bali. Bali (बलि) was a king in line of Anu son of Yayati as under:

YayatiAnuSabhanaraKalanaraJanamejayaMaha ShalaMahamanasTitikshaRushadrathaHomaSutapasBali

Bali had six sons Anga, Banga, Kalinga, Sambhu, Pundra and Odhra

Distribution in Punjab

Villages in Hoshiarpur district

Odrah named village is in Dasua tahsil in Hoshiarpur district, Punjab

Notable persons

References

  1. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n.17
  2. B S Dahiya:Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study), p.241, s.n.165
  3. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Chapter IV (Page 342)
  4. Mahendra Singh Arya et al.: Ādhunik Jat Itihas, p.224
  5. Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study)/Jat Clan in India,p. 267
  6. Mahabharata:Ch 47
  7. Dilip Singh Ahlawat: Jat Veeron ka Itihas
  8. Arrian Anabasis Book/3a, Ch.6,fn 3(12).
  9. पाण्ड्यांश च थरविथांश चैव सहितांश चॊद्र केरलैः, अन्ध्रांस तलवनांश चैव कलिङ्गान ओष्ट्र कर्णिकान (II.28.48)
  10. चीनान हूनाञ शकान ओडून पर्वतान्तरवासिनः, वार्ष्णेयान हारहूणांश च कृष्णान हैमवतांस तदा (II.47.19)

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