Rathor

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Rathaur (राठौर)[1] [2] Rathor (राठोर)[3] Rathaur (राठौर) Rathod (राठोड़) is Gotra of Jats found in Rajasthan, Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra . Rathores are found in present times mainly in Rajputs. James Tod places it in the list of Thirty Six Royal Races.[4] Rathod is a Gotra of the Anjana Jats in Gujarat.

Origin

This gotra is said to be originated from province named Ratha (राठ). They were Chandravanshi but now call themselves Suryavanshi. [5]. .

History

Ram Sarup Joon[6] writes that ...The Rathores were ruling Kathiawar, Gujrat and Jodhpur. They were called Rashtar Koot; the Hun Vansi Parmars succeeded in expelling them towards the East and South. They then established themselves in Kannauj and got converted to Rajputs. The Rathore, Rathi, Rath, Rashtra Kot and Rathore are the same people. From certain rock edicts it has been proved that the old gotra of Rathores is Girahwar which is a large Jat gotra also called Grewal amongst is Punjabi Jats.


Ram Sarup Joon[7] writes that ...The Tanwar and Rathore Gotras are found amongst Jats also. These were the people who did not give Widow remarriage as a custom, and stayed with the Jats, Ahirs and Gujars and did not join the Rajputs.


James Todd[8] writes about Rathor — A doubt hangs on the origin of this justly celebrated race. The Rathor genealogies trace their pedigree to Kusa, the second son of Rama ; consequently they would be Suryavansa. But by the bards of this race they are denied this honour ; and although Kushite, they are held to be the descendants of Kasyapa, of the Solar race, by the daughter of a Daitya (Titan). The progeny of Hiranyakasipu is accordingly stigmatized as being of demoniac origin. It is rather singular that they should have succeeded to the Lunar race of Kusanabha, descendants of Ajamidha, the founders of Kanauj. Indeed, some genealogists maintain the Rathors to be of Kusika race.

The pristine locale of the Rathors is Gadhipura, or Kanauj, where they are found enthroned in the fifth century ; and though beyond that period they connect their line with the princes of Kosala or Ayodhya, the fact rests on assertion only.

From the fifth century their history is cleared from the mist of ages, which envelops them all prior to this time ; and in the period approaching the Tatar conquest of India, we find them contesting with the last Tuar and Chauhan kings of Delhi, and the Balakaraes of Anhilwara, the right to paramount importance amidst the princes of Ind. The combats for this phantom supremacy destroyed them all. Weakened by internal strife, the Chauhan of Delhi fell, and his death exposed the north-west frontier. Kanauj followed ; and while its last prince, Jaichand, found a grave in the Ganges, his son sought an asylum in Marusthali,1 ' the regions of death.' Siahji was this son ; the founder of the Rathor dynasty in Marwar, on the ruins of the Pariharas of Mandor. Here they brought their ancient martial spirit, and a more valiant being exists not than can be found amongst the sons of Siahji. The Mogul emperors were indebted for half their


1 [This is a pure myth (Smith, EHI, 385, 413).]


[p.106]: conquests to the Lakh Tarwar Rathoran, ' the 100,000 swords of the Rathors ' ; for it is beyond a doubt that 50,000 of the blood of Siahji have been embodied at once. But enough of the noble Rathors for the present.

The Rathor has twenty-four sakha : Dhandal, Bhadel, Chachkit, Duharia, Khokra, Badara, Chajira, Ramdeva, Kabria, Hatundia, Malavat, Sunda, Katecha, Maholi, Gogadeva, Mahecha, Taisingha, Mursia, Jobsia, Jora, etc., etc.1 [89].

Rathor Gotracharya. — Gotama2 Gotra (race), — Mardawandani Sakha (branch), — Sukracharya Guru (Regent of the planet Venus, Preceptor), — Garupata Agni,3 — Pankhani Devi (tutelary goddess, winged).4


1[For a fuller list, see Census Report, Rajputana, 1911, i. 255 f.]
2 From this I should be inclined to pronounce the Rathors descendants of a race (probably Scythic) professing the Buddhist faith, of which Gotama was the last great teacher, and disciple of the last Buddha Mahivira, in S. 477 (A.D. 533). [Buddhism and Jainism are, as usual, confused.]
3 Enigmatical — ' Clay formation by fire ' (agni).
4 [The Kuldevi, or family goddess, of the Rathors in Nagnaichian, whose original title was Rajeswari or Ratheswari, her present name being taken from the village of Nagana in Pachpadra, Barmer ; and she has a temple in the Jodhpur fort, with shrines under the nim tree (Azadirachta indica) which is held sacred in all Rathor settlements [Census Report, Marwar, 1891, ii. 25).

Jat Gotras Common with Rathors

According to H.A. Rose[9] Jat clans derived from Rathor are:Dalal , Dullah and Gawarna.

Hudera Jogian Rathor Sati pillar of s.v. 1309 (1252 AD)

Text
सवत 1309 मत ब-
साष सूद १ रठड नर-
हरदास र सत पहड़
कसन ईस सत चढ़
Hudera Jogian Sati pillar of s.v. 1309 (1252 AD)[10]

डॉ. गोपीनाथ [11] लिखते हैं कि यह लेख चुरू जिले में रतनगढ़ रेलवे जंक्सन के निकट हुडेरा जोगियां का बास में स्थित है. यहाँ एक प्राचीन मठ में संवत 1309 का सती स्मारक रखा है जो राठोड़ों के इतिहास के लिए बड़े महत्व का है. यह स्मारक लगभग डेढ़ फुट लम्बा और पौन फुट चौड़ा है. इस पर हाथ में खांडा लिए एक घुड सवार उत्कीर्ण है और उसके आगे एक सती हाथ जोड़े खड़ी है. इसके नीचे एक लेख है जिसका आशय यह है कि संवत 1309 वैशाख सुदी 1 को राठोड़ नरहरिदास की स्त्री पोहड़ (भाटी क्षत्रियों की एक शाखा) किसना यहाँ सती हुई. इसका महत्व पूर्ण निष्कर्ष यह है कि राठोड़ इस क्षेत्र तक पहुँच गए थे तथा उनका वैवाहिक सम्बन्ध भाटियों से होने लग गया था और सती प्रथा का प्रचलन था. इससे बड़ी बात यह है की रावसीहा (राठोड शाखा का प्रमुख प्रवर्तक) की देवली (स.1330 ) से भी यह प्राचीन पड़ती है. यदि इस में पढ़ा गया संवत 1309 सही है. लेख का मूल पाठ साथ के बाक्स में है.

Distribution in Rajasthan

Locations in Jaipur city

Jadaun Nagar,

Distribution in Uttar Pradesh

Villages in Muzaffarnagar district

Bhopa, Churyala, Kadipur, Rahkada, Nirgajani

Distribution in Maharashtra

Villages in Jalgaon district

Pinjarpada,

Villages in Nasik district

Rajmane,

See also

References

  1. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. र-9
  2. O.S.Tugania:Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu,p.57,s.n. 2130
  3. B S Dahiya:Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study), p.242, s.n.189
  4. James Todd, Annals and Antiquities of Rajasthan, Volume I,: Chapter 7 Catalogue of the Thirty Six Royal Races, pp. 105-106
  5. Mahendra Singh Arya et al.: Ādhunik Jat Itihas, Agra, 1998, p. 277
  6. Ram Sarup Joon: History of the Jats/ChapterVIII,p. 137
  7. Ram Sarup Joon: History of the Jats/ChapterVIII,p. 139
  8. Annals and Antiquities of Rajasthan, Volume I,: Chapter 7 Catalogue of the Thirty Six Royal Races,pp.106
  9. A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/J,p.376
  10. डॉ गोपीनाथ शर्मा: 'राजस्थान के इतिहास के स्त्रोत', 1983, पृ.104
  11. शर्मा डॉ. गोपीनाथ शर्मा: राजस्थान के इतिहास के स्त्रोत, 1983, पृ. 104

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