Dhar Madhya Pradesh

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This page is for Dhar - A Jat Village.
For the Dhar Jat Gotra see → Dhar

District map of Dhar

Dhar (धार) or the medieval historical town of Dhara Nagari is located in the Malwa region of western Madhya Pradesh. It is the administrative headquarters of Dhar District. The town is located 33 miles west of Mhow, 908 ft. above sea level. It is picturesquely situated among lakes and trees surrounded by barren hills, and possesses, besides its old walls, many interesting buildings, both Hindu and Muslim, some of them containing records of a great historical importance.

Dhar is located at Latitude 22.6 N Longitude 75.3 E [1]. It has an average elevation of 559 metres.

Tahsils in Dhar District

Dhar district map

Villages in Dhar tahsil

Aabu Khedi, Aali, Aam Kho, Achana, Adabaydapura, Advi, Ahirkhedi, Ahu, Akaldunadhar, Akoda, Akoliya, Ambakundia, Ambapura, Ambapura, Ambapura, Ambapura, Amkheda, Amla, Amlyabheru, Anarad, Anjnai, Antrai, Anwalipura, Anwaliya, Asukhedi, Bachhadawada, Bachhanpur, Badakalan, Badchhapra, Badiya, Badlipura Kalan, Badodiya, Badpipli, Bagdi, Bagditaj, Bagditurk, Bagdiya, Baggad, Bagoda, Bakankheda, Bakli Khurd, Baklikalan, Baksana, Baldipura, Baloda Buzurg, Baloda Khurd, Bandhaw, Bandhawa, Banediya, Bangla, Bangred, Banjari, Banjaripura, Bankurli, Bardipura, Bardipura, Bardipura, Baripura, Baroda, Barukho, Baykheda, Bediya, Bedwapura, Bekalya, Berchha, Bhadkya, Bhajyapura, Bhasam Garh, Bheru Piplya, Bherughatpura, Bhicholi, Bhidota Khurd, Bhidotakot, Bhilbarkheda, Bhilkhedi, Bhilkunda, Bhiltalwada, Bhurakuwa, Bhurighati, Bhurimal, Bhurkuwa, Bhutibawdi, Bhuwada, Bichhubardi, Bijoor, Billod, Biloda, Biloda, Bilyadeh, Biyaghati, Bodwada Buzurg, Bodwada Khurd, Borda, Bori, Borikundal, Borkheda, Chakalya, Chamari, Chamarkuwa, Chambal Baroda, Chandan Khedi, Chandwada, Charghati, Cheifkhodra Pura, Chelai, Chhadoda, Chhapar, Chhatiya, Chhotabarkheda, Chhotajamanya, Chidawad, Chikli, Chikliya, Chilur, Chorbardi, Chorbawdipura, Chouki, Chunabhatipura, Chundipura, Dad, Dadiyala, Dangotha, Daulatpur, Daulatpura, Dedala, Dehrisaray, Delmi, Devipura, Devipura, Dewjhiri, Dhal, Dhamanda, Dhar (M), Dharawara, Dhawli, Dherbordi, Dhiglipura, Dholahanuman, Dhormariyapura, Dhukni Khalsa, Dhuknimafi, Diglaya, Digthan, Dilawara, Dudhikundal Pura, Dundibrdi, Durgapura, Ekalduna (Digthan), Eklara, Fifripura, Gadaghat, Gallamandipura, Ganganagar, Gaonda, Gardawad, Garh, Gaumal, Gawala, Ghodabaw, Ghugaripura, Godgaon, Golpura, Golpura, Govindpura, Govindpura, Gugali, Gularjhiri, Gulwa, Gumanpura, Gunawad, Gunhera, Guwadi, Gyanpura, Gyanpura, Gyasabad, Hajratpur, Hapsi Khedi, Harsora, Hedri, Heerapura, Himmatgarh, Hmawrdhi, Imlipura, Jalway, Jamanda, Jamanda, Jamanghati, Jamanjhiri, Jamanpati, Jambur Khedi, Jamla, Jamniya, Jetpura, Jhadibaroda, Jhikdiyapura, Jhirnya, Jirapura, Jodwa, Juhawada, Junapani, Junapani, Junidhal, Kachhal, Kachhawada, Kadola Bujurg, Kadola Khurd, Kagadipura, Kalamkhedi, Kalibel, Kalighati, Kalikiray, Kalsada Buzurg, Kalsada Khurd, Kalukhedi, Kalyadeh, Kamta, Kanawal, Kandariya, Kaneriya, Kankalpura, Karadiya, Karamtalai, Karanjwa, Kareni, Karodiya, Karondiya, Karondiyakhalipura, Kathodiya, Kesoor, Khadan Bujurg, Khadan Khurd, Khadi, Khamla, Khandwa, Khanpura, Khanpura, Kharampur, Kharbari, Kharsoda, Khedi, Kherod, Kherpura, Khidkiya Khurd, Khidkiyakalan, Khilchipura, Khiledi, Khirad, Kiloli, Kishankhodra, Kokaljhiri, Kothda, Kothi Sodpur, Kumar Karadiya, Kunda, Kundali, Kundarsi, Kundi, Kundiya, Kundla, Kunjrod, Kunwarsi, Kuradiya, Kuwa, Labrawada, Lasudiya, Latamali, Lebad, Lobhanpura, Lohari Bujurg, Lohari Khurd, Lunhera, Machakda, Madhopur, Mafipura, Magajpura, Maharaj Khedi, Malgaon, Malipura, Manasya, Mandav (NP), Mandli, Mangrol, Maulani, Mawdipura, Mawdipura, Mawdipura, Meenakhedi, Meghapura, Mehdikhedi, Mejal, Memdiya, Menhadi Khedi, Mewasjamniya, Mirjapur, Miyapura, Miyapura Pahad, Mograbaw, Mohanpur, Mohanpura, Morda, Mundana, Mundla, Musapura, Musawada, Nadankheda, Naibaroda, Naibaroda(M), Najikbaroda,, Nalawada, Nalchha, Nandanwasa, Nankipura, Naranpura, Nawasa, Nekpur, Nijampura, Nimkheda, Nimtoka, Nipawali, Nisaniya, Niyamat Khedi, Osara, Pachlana, Padalya, Palasmal, Panala, Pardhyapura, Parwatpura, Patadapura, Patadi, Patbhoga, Peerghatapura, Pemipura, Phalkya Ghatpura, Pinjraya, Pipalda, Pipalkhut, Pipalya, Pipalya, Pipalya, Pipli Mal, Piplimal, Pithampur (NP), Pithyapura, Radhanagar, Raipuria Dhar, Ramgarh, Rampur, Rangoan, Ranipura, Rati Talai, Ratwa, Rayan, Rehtiya, Rungaliya, Rupatta, Sadalpur, Saddiyakuwa, Sadiyamahu, Sagdi, Saktali, Salkanpur, Salyamalpura, Samar, Samariya, Samlipura, Sangesra, Sangwikalan, Saray Talab, Sarphraj, Sarwanya, Satipura, Sejwani, Sejwaya, Semlipura, Sengwi Khurd, Sewara, Sewri Mal, Sewsingpura, Shikarpura, Siloda Buzurg, Siloda Khurd, Silotiya, Simlawada, Sindhkuwa, Sindoda, Sindodi, Sirsoda, Sitapat, Siyari, Sodalyapura, Sodliya Khurd, Sodpur, Suhagpura, Sukheda, Sulawad, Sulibardi, Sulibardi, Sunarkhedi, Suradevi, Surajpura, Surajpura, Tajpur, Talwada, Telipura, Tirla, Tisgaon, Titipura, Tiwdi, Tornod, Udali, Ujjaini, Ukala, Umariya Chhota, Umarpura, Umriya, Umriya Bada, Undakho, Upadi, Utarsi, Utawad, Utawada,

Local Monuments

The Lat Masjid, or Pillar Mosque, was built by Dilawar Khan in 1405 out of the remains of Jain temples. It derives its name from an iron pillar, supposed to have been originally set up at the beginning of the 13th century in commemoration of a victory, and bearing a later inscription recording the seven days visit to the town of the emperor Akbar in 1598. The pillar, which was 43 ft. high, is now overthrown and broken. The Kamal Maula is an enclosure containing four tombs, the most notable being that of Shaikh Kamal Maulvi (Kamal-ud-din), a follower of the famous 13th-century Muslim saint Nizamuddin Auliya. The mosque known as Raja Bhoj's school was built out of Hindu remains in the 14th or 15th century: its name is derived from the slabs, covered with inscriptions giving rules of Sanskrit grammar, with which it is paved. On a small hill to the north of the town stands the fort, a conspicuous pile of red sandstone, said to have been built by Sultan Mohammed bin Tughluk of Delhi in the 14th century. It contained the palace of the raja. Of modern institutions may be mentioned the high school, public library, hospital, and the chapel, school and hospital of the Canadian Presbyterian mission. There was also a government opium depot for the payment of duty, the town having been a considerable centre for the trade in opium as well as in grain.

History

The town, the name of which is usually derived from Dhara Nagari (the city of sword blades), is of great antiquity, and was made the capital of the Paramara chiefs of Malwa by Vairisimha II, who transferred his headquarters hither from Ujjain at the close of the 9th century. During the rule of the Paramara dynasty, Dhar was famous throughout India as a centre of culture and learning, especially under king Bhoj (1010-1060). After suffering various vicissitudes, it was finally conquered by Ala ud din Khilji, Sultan of Delhi, in the 14th century. Dilawar Khan, who had been appointed governor in 1319, practically established his independence soon afterwards. The Lat Masjid is a monument built by him. While Dilawar Khan established his independence de facto, his son Hoshang Shah became the first de jure Muslim ruler of Malwa, with his capital at Mandu. Subsequently, in the time of Akbar, Dhar fell under the dominion of the Mughals, in whose hands it remained till 1730, when it was conquered by the Marathas.

In late 1723, Bajirao at the head of a large army and accompanied by his trusted lieutenants, Malharrao Holkar, Ranoji Scindia and Udaiji Rao Ponwar, swept through Malwa like a tornado. A few years earlier the Mughal Emperor had been forced to give the Marathas the right to collect chauth taxes in Malwa and Gujarat. This levy added much value to the Marathas, as both the king Shahu and his Peshwa, Bajirao, were ear-deep in debt. The revenues they collected from their own lands were not sufficient to run the administration of the state and finance their large military expenditure. The Marathas lived by the sword and trade was alien to them. Agriculture in the Deccan depended heavily on the timeliness and sufficiency of the monsoons. The most important source of money were therefore the chauth (a 25% tax on produce) and sardeshmukhi (a ten percent surcharge) exacted by the Marathas. Bajirao had also determined that “war must pay for war”, and was assiduous in enforce his right for chauth in Malwa. The Peshwa's armies defeated the Mughal governor and attacked the capital Ujjain. Bajirao established military outposts and imposed taxes on the country as far north as Bundelkhand.

Punwars/Parmars of Haryana

The Punwars/Parmars of 12 villages in modern day Haryana claim proudly their descent from the king Bhoj (1010-1060).


ठाकुर देशराज लिखते हैं -

उमरकोट - सिन्ध और राजपूताना के मध्य में यह स्थान है। इस पर हुमायूं के समय तक पंवार गोत्री जाटों का राज्य था। पंवार शब्द के कारण कर्नल टाड ने उसे राजपूतों का राज्य बताया है। किन्तु जनरल कनिंघम ने 'हुमायूं नामा' के लेखक के कथन का हवाला देकर उसे जाट पंवार लिखा है। टाड राजस्थान के कथन का प्रतिवाद करते हुए जनरल कनिंघम लिखते हैं - “किन्तु हुमायूं की जीवनी लिखने वाले ने प्रमार के राजा और उनके अनुचरों का 'जाट' के नाम से परिचय दिया है।”1 यह वंश धारा नगर के जाट-परमारों से सम्बन्धित रहा होगा। क्योंकि धारा नगर में जगदेव नाम का जाट राजा राज्य करता था और प्रमार जाट था। बिजनौर के कुछ जाट अपने को धारा नगर के महाराज जगदेव की संतान बताते हैं2, जो कि वहां से महमूद गजनवी के आक्रमण के समय यू० पी० की ओर बढ़ गए थे। प्रमार भी 'अवार' की भांति एक शब्द है। जाट एक समय अवार कहलाते थे, जिसका कि भारत में अवेरिया से सम्बन्ध है। इसी भांति एक प्रदेश का नाम पंवार-प्रदेश था, जो कि धारा नगर और उज्जैन के मध्य में था और जो प्रान्त पंवार लोगों के बसने के कारण प्रसिद्ध हुआ।

इसी तरह से सिन्ध के अन्य अनेक स्थानों पर जाट-राज्यों की सामग्री मिल सकती है, किन्तु उसके लिए महान् साधन और खोज की आवश्यकता है।


1. Memoirs of Humayoon P.45 ।
2. ट्राइब्स एण्ड कास्ट्स ऑफ दी नार्थ वेस्टर्न प्राविंसेज एण्ड अवध।


जाट इतिहास:ठाकुर देशराज,पृष्ठान्त-705


सामूहिक विवाह व्यवस्था

सामूहिक विवाह व्यवस्था आमंत्रण पत्र

जाट समाज की सम्पन्नता और इसके आर्थिक उत्थान तथा विवाह पर खर्चे के नियंत्रण के उद्देश्य से जाट समाज धार के सक्रीय कार्यकर्ताओं द्वारा प्रतिवर्ष आखातीज के अवसर पर सामूहिक विवाह आयोजित किये जाते हैं.

इसका आयोजन वीर तेजाजी सामूहिक विवाह समिति धार द्वारा किया जाता है. मोतीलाल जी झिंझवाडिया निवासी सलकनपुर धार इस कार्य हेतु विगत अनेक वर्षों से दान देकर इसे सफल बना रहे हैं.

सामूहिक विवाह व्यवस्था मध्य प्रदेश के धार, देवास, खंडवा, होशंगाबाद, हरदा, इंदौर आदि जिलों में प्रचलित है जहाँ काफी संख्या में जाट रहते हैं. यहाँ धनवान जाटों ने स्कूल, छात्रावास भवन बनाये हैं. आपके प्रश्न का उत्तर इसमें मिल जाता है.

Jat gotras in Dhar district

See complete list of Jat Gotras in Dhar District - List of Jat Gotras in Dhar District

Demographics

As of 2001 India census, Dhar had a population of 75,472. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Dhar has an average literacy rate of 70%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 76% and, female literacy is 63%. In Dhar, 14% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Dhar Jat Gotra

Dhar Gotra Jats are found in Amritsar district in Punjab. [2],[3]

According to 1911 census, the population of Dhar Muslim Jat Clan was 1,074 in Bahawalpur State.[4]

External links

Notable persons from Dhar district

  • Vikram Verma - A national leader of Bharatiya Janta Party
  • Leela Dhar Dandak - Advocate, Jat Palace, 48 Prakash Nagar, Dhar. Mob - 9425046425[5]
  • Dr A K Chaudhary (Bajrolia)- From Dhar Madhya Pradesh, Resident of village Negadda (नेगड़दा) in Ratlam, M P., Chaudhary Hospital, Mandu Road Dhar, Dhar, Ph 07292-232173, Mob:9425045673
  • Dilip Patondia - B J P , Jiladhyaksh Dhar. Mob: 9425046406.[6]
  • Bal Mukund Musawat - Dhar, Mob:9926112626, 9827503671[7]
  • Atul Khenwar - Tax Advocate, Dhar, (M. P.) Mobile No. 98936 06046 .
  • Babu Lal Chaudhari (Fauji) - 20, Fadke Marg, Omkar Nagar, Dhar, Mob: 9425335206
  • Mangi Lal Jat (Makrania) - Village: Jetpura, Tahsil: Dhar, Mob: 9424097661
  • Mahesh Chaudhari (Kariwal) - 249 Shani Niketan, Silver Hill Colony, Dhar, Mob: 9425061209
  • Gopal Jat (Ghatela) - Advocate, E-34, Janta Colony, Dhar, Mob: 9754770107
  • Bala Ram Jat (Danga) - 15 Jh, Omkar Nagar, Mandav Road, Dhar, Mob: 9755784678
  • Mangi Lal Ji Jhinjhwaria - Adyaksh Veer Tejaji Samuhik Vivah Samiti, District Dhar. Mob:09893019061

References

  1. Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Dhar
  2. Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study), Book by Bhim Singh Dahiya, IRS, First Edition 1980, Publisher: Sterling Publishers Pvt Ltd, AB/9 Safdarjang Enclave, New Delhi-110064, p. 333
  3. A.C. Rose:'Tribes and Castes', Vol. II, p. 235
  4. Census Of India 1911 Volume Xiv Punjab Part 2 by Pandit Narikishan Kaul
  5. Purusharth, Jat Sabha Bhopal, Smarika 2009, p. 51
  6. Jat Vaibhav Smarika Khategaon, 2010, p. 75
  7. Jat Vaibhav Smarika Khategaon, 2010, p. 82