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Ancient Indian Kingdoms in 600 BC

Kamboj (काम्बोज)[1] Kamboh (काम्बोह)[2] is a gotra of Jats found in Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh. Kamboh (काम्बोह) is Muslim Jat clan found in Pakistan. Kamboh clan is found in Afghanistan.[3]Dilip Singh Ahlawat has mentioned it as one of the ruling Jat clans in Central Asia. [4] It is an important tribe of Punjab (Pakistan).[5]


They are descendants of rishi Kondilya (कोंडिल्य). They are also called Kamedia. [6]

Mention by Panini

Kamboja (कंबोज) is mentioned by Panini in Ashtadhyayi. [7]


V. S. Agrawala[8] writes that The Janapadas known to Panini include: Kamboja (कंबोज) (IV.1.175), under Kachchhadi (कच्छादि) (IV.2.133) (शैषिक अण्। काच्छ:)[9] and Sindhvadi (सिन्ध्वादि) (IV.3.93) (सोअस्याभिजन:,अण्। सैन्धव:)[10]. Gandhara, Kapisha, Balhika and Kamboja are four janapadas mentioned by Panini in Ashtadhyayi (IV.1.175) of which relative positions is to be understood clearly.

The Harsha Charita of Bana/Chapter II mentions The Visit of Bana to the King Harshavardhana....The doorkeeper, having come up and saluted him, addressed him respectfully in a gentle voice, "Approach and enter, his highness is willing to see you." Then Bana entered, as he directed, saying, "I am indeed happy that he thinks me worthy of this honour." He next beheld a stable filled with the king's favourite horses from Vanayu, Aratta, Kamboja, Bharadvaja, Sindh, and Persia....

Bhim Singh Dahiya[11] mentions that When Arjuna went to that northwest area, for his Digvijaya, he fought with another Jat tribe, called the Lambas, (their name is Sanskritised into Lampakas meaning long, tall statured, high, the same as Lamba). Mahabharata mentions, another Jat clan, viz., the Lohnas :"लोहान परमकाम्बोजान".[12] Lohanas are a still existing Jat clan, whereas Kambojas are a separate caste of the Hindus, nowadays called Kamboh and Kamoha found on the G. T. Road near Karnal town and other areas.

The Nakodar, town and tahsil in Jalandhar district in Punjab, according to one account, is a said to be derived from the Persian words Neki ka dar, which mean 'Gate of Goodness or Virtue' and it was named so by the Persian Kambohs. According to another version, the town was so-named after Nikudari legion of the Mongols[13].

The Town is of considerable antiquity and had been held in succession by three different races, the Jats , Kambohs (Kamboj) and then by the muslim Rajputs, traces of whom still exist in the extensive ruins by which the town is surrounded. The town was anciently founded by the Hindu Kamboh, according to Sir William Wilson Hunter and others [14]. The Kamboh settlements lay to the west of present town and the sites are still marked by extensive ruins and two old fine tombs, now called the Black and Red Domes, from the color of the material. Tradition attributes the Kamboh expulsion to the Nawab Kutb Khan who came with an army from Indor near Nuh in 1570 AD [15]. As a consequence, the lordship of the town thus passed over to the Khanzadaas from the Kamboj tribe. Within two generations, the Rajputs got the town in jagir from Emperor Jahangir, in later sixteenth century, apparently divesting the Khanzadahs, the successor race to the Kambohs. The Rajputs were themselves later ousted during Sikh period by one Sardar Tara Singh Ghaiba who made a fort and made himself the master of the surroundings. From Ghaiba, the town was seized by Maharaja Ranjit Singh in 1816. The town is well pave and has thriving appearances and currently forms a Tehsil of District Jalandhar. Outside the town, there are two large and handsome tombs dating at least from the times of Emperor Jahangir, later one of them is said to be the burial place of the adviser of Emperor Shah Jahan, but it is known who stand buried in the earlier tomb.

Rajatarangini[16] tells that king of Kashmir Lalitaditya, finding that almost all the kings had been conquered, turned towards the north, and had to fight his way with the haughty kings in that direction. He robbed the king of Kamvoja of his horses. In the mountains of Bhuskhāra the horses of the king became excited at the sight of the horse-faced women of the country.


काम्बोज - इन चन्द्रवंशज जाट लोगों का राज्य आज के अफगानिस्तान पर था जो महाभारत काल में काम्बोज देश कहलाता था। (महाभारत सभापर्व)। (जाटों का उत्कर्ष, पृ० 18, लेखक कविराज योगेन्द्रपाल शास्त्री)। काम्बोज नरेश सुदक्षिण अपनी एक अक्षौहिणी सेना के साथ दुर्योधन की ओर होकर महाभारत युद्ध में लड़ा था।[17]

जाटों का शासन-विधान

ठाकुर देशराज [18] ने लिखा है... अब हमें यह विचार करना है कि प्राचीन भारत के वे खानदान जो जाटों में शामिल हैं उन्होंने कौन-कौन सी हुकूमतों को चलाया था।

कांभोज, कुंतीभोज और अवंती ये सब भौज्य पद्धति से शासन करते थे। भूमि में जो भी कुछ पैदा होता था उसका एक निश्चित अंश केंद्रीय सभा को देते थे। केंद्रीय सभा में परिवारों की ओर से कुलपति बैठते थे। यह सभा कुलक कहलाती थी। यह लोग राजस्व को कुआ बावड़ी खुदवाने, बाग लगाने और सेना रखने में खर्च करते थे। भोज लोगों की ही एक शाखा प्रमार कहलाने लगी थी। द्वारिका का जाति राष्ट्र भौज्य राज्य भी कहलाता था। कुछ लोग भौज्य के अर्थ संयुक्त शासन के भी करते हैं।

Distribution in Rajasthan

Villages in Pali district

Kamedia Jats live in villages: Chandawal Nagar,

Villages in Nimach district

Kamedia Jats live in villages: Nimach (1), Fatehnagar (3), Pipalyavyas (6),

Distribution in Haryana

Kamboh Pura is a village in Karnal district in Haryana.

Distribution in Pakistan

According to 1911 census the Kamboh were the principal Muslim Jat clans:

Distribution in Uttar Pradesh

Kamboh Majra is village in Saharanpur district, Uttar Pradesh.


  1. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. क-128
  2. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. क-164
  3. An Inquiry Into the Ethnography of Afghanistan, By H. W. Bellew, p.80
  4. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Chapter IV, p.341
  5. Punjabi Muslalman by J M Wikely
  6. Mahendra Singh Arya et al.: Adhunik Jat Itihas, Agra 1998, p. 231
  7. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.34, 37, 48, 425
  8. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.48
  9. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.497
  10. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.498
  11. Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study)/The Jats, p.34
  12. Mahabharata:2.47.22-26
  13. Journal of Asiatic Society of Bengal, Vol. LXI, p.298 .
  14. Punjab gazetteers, 1883, bound in 10 vols., without title-leaves, 1883, p 159, Punjab
  15. Punjab gazetteers, 1883, bound in 10 vols., without title-leaves, 1883, p 159, Punjab
  16. Rajatarangini of Kalhana:Kings of Kashmira/Book IV,p. 69
  17. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Chapter III, Page 291
  18. Thakur Deshraj:Jat Itihas (Utpatti Aur Gaurav Khand)/Ashtam Parichhed,p.137-138

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