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(Kamediya, Kameria)

Location  : Western Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh

Country  : India

Languages : Rajasthani

Religion  : Hinduism

Kamedia (कमेडिया) Kamediya (कमेड़िया) Kameria (कमेड़िया) Kamedia (कमेड़िया) gotra Jats[1] are found in western Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh.


Kamedia (कमेड़िया) is a Rajasthani variant of Sanskrit word Kapota (कपोत), which means pigeon or dove. Dove in Rajasthani is called Kamedi (कमेड़ी). It was probably their state symbol and Kapoteshwara was their God, whose temple is at Chejerla, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh.

Jat Gotras Namesake

Mention by Pliny

Pliny[2] mentions Nations situated around the Hyrcanian Sea.... Below the district inhabited by them (Mardi), we find the nations of the Orciani, the Commori, the Berdrigæ, the Harmatotropi,11 the Citomaræ, the Comani, the Marucæi, and the Mandruani.

The rivers here are the Mandrus and the Chindrus.12

11 This appears to mean the nations of "Chariot horse-breeders."

12 In former editions, called the 'Gridinus.' It is impossible to identify many of these nations and rivers, as the spelling varies considerably in the respective MSS.

Mention by Panini

Kapota (कपोत) is name of a place mentioned by Panini in Ashtadhyayi under Nadadi (नडादि) (4.2.91) group. [3]

Kapotapakah (कपोतपाकाः) is mentioned by Panini in Ashtadhyayi. [4]

Kapota Jataka

42. Kapota-Jataka.

375. Kapota-Jataka.

Kapota in Turkey

List of place names in Turkey includes Kapota.


Ancient Indian Kingdoms in 600 BC

Dr Pema Ram writes that after the invasion of Alexander in 326 BC, the Jats of Sindh and Punjab migrated to Rajasthan. They built tanks, wells and Bawadis near their habitations. The tribes migrated were: Shivis, Yaudheyas, Malavas, Madras etc. The Shivi tribe which came from Ravi and Beas Rivers founded towns like Sheo, Sojat, Siwana, Shergarh, Shivganj etc. This area was adjoining to Sindh and mainly inhabited by Jats. The descendants of Madras in Rajasthan are: Jinja, Bana, Thoria, Lagman, Kamodia, Madal, Devsalya, Junawa, Maderna, Judi, Madrewa, Khokh, Asihag etc. [5]

They are descendants of rishi Kondilya (कोंडिल्य) or Kondinya (कोंडिन्य). They are also called Kamboj. [6]

They are mentioned by Cunningham[7] in an inscription at the Buddhist Stupa of Sanchi of the Ashoka period as under:

No. 15. — Nadinagarā Kabojasa-bhikhuno dānam.

Evidence compiled by Nainsi on the clans of the Jats and their original homes and migration there from to different places in Merta in Nagaur are of Immense importance. It is one of the prominent immigrant clans who came to Merta.

Kapoteswara of Chejarla

Chejarla (चेजरला) is a village in Guntur district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. The village stands in the plains and is surrounded by a rocky hills and is covered by scrub jungle. The temple here is dedicated to Lord Siva and dates to the 4th or 5th century AD.[8] The deity is called Kapoteswara.[9]

This is probably the only temple in the whole of India dedicated to Lord Siva as Kapoteswara. The deity is in Lingakara. Here Siva is represented as Kapotheswara, Lord Sibi who gave a portion of his own body in order to save a pigeon that took refuge with him. Curiously, in the imago of the Linga there are even today large cavities as if portions have been scooped or cut out, and these are said to be the places of the body, from which the Lord cut off his own flesh, in order to save the life of the Kapota.

Distribution in Rajasthan

Villages in Pali district

Kamedia Jats live in villages: Chandawal Nagar, Deoli Kalan (4), Jhoontha, Raipur Pali,

Villages in Nagaur district

Arniyala, Bhensra Khurd, Dangawas, Kalru Merta, Deediya Kalan, Jasnagar Merta, Khera Kishanpura, Megadand, Nathawara, Pundalu, Rawaliyawas,

Villages in Jodhpur district

Barni Khurd, Boyal, Falaudi, Jodhpur, Pawta, Ramasani,

Villages in Udaipur district

Amarpura (kanra)

Villages in Ajmer district

Ahera, Dilwara

Villages in Churu district


Distribution in Madhya Pradesh

Villages in Nimach district

Kamedia Jats live in villages: Nimach (1), Fatehnagar (3), Pipalyavyas (6), Harda,

Villages in Ratlam district

Villages in Ratlam district with population of this gotra are:

Bardiya goyal (1), Rughnathgarh (21),

Villages in Dewas district

Gadagaon, Nimasa

Villages in Harda district

Alanpur Harda, Bajaniya, Barnga, Dhani Tajpura, Dudi Dhani, Hardakhurd, Kolwa,

Villages in Indore district

Pardeshipura (a locality in Indore city)

Villages in Sehore district


Villages in Ujjain district


Notable persons

  • मघा राम कमेडिया, डांगावास - मारवाड़ जाट कृषक सुधार सभा की प्रबंधकारिणी और कार्यकारिणी में रहकर आप ने जाट जाति की सेवा करके अपने को कृतार्थ किया है। [11]
  • N.S. Dangawas (Kamedia) - DIG, BSF, Behind Pass-Port Office, Fatehpur Road Sikar-332001, Mob: 9530286114, E-mail: narendra.kameria@gmail.com. He is son of Bhanwar Singh Dangawas.
  • Om Prakash Kamedia - Social worker from Jodhpur. He died on 26 October 2009 at the age of 57. [12]
  • Ram Singh Choudhary (Kameriya) - SO POLICE, Vil.- Ahera, post- Ramsar, via- Nasirabad , distt- Ajmer, Present Address : Krishana Vihar, Sanganer, Jaipur, Mob: 9414551011, Email: inspectorram20@gmail.com

Gallery of Kameria people

External links


  1. डॉ पेमाराम:राजस्थान के जाटों का इतिहास, 2010, पृ.297
  2. Natural History by Pliny Book VI/Chapter 18
  3. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.504
  4. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.440
  5. Dr Pema Ram:Rajasthan Ke Jaton Ka Itihas, First Edition 2010, ISBN:81-86103-96-1,p.14
  6. Dr Mahendra Singh Arya, Dharmpal Singh Dudee, Kishan Singh Faujdar & Vijendra Singh Narwar: Ādhunik Jat Itihas (The modern history of Jats), Agra 1998, p. 231
  7. The Bhilsa topes: Inscriptions, P. 237
  8. Reddy, Krishna, Indian History Tata McGraw-Hill, 2006
  9. "Guntur Culture | Guntur History". World66.com.
  10. User:Sk56
  11. Thakur Deshraj: Jat Jan Sewak, 1949, p.210
  12. Jat Samaj, November 2009, p. 32

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