Khichi

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Khichi (खीची)[1] Khich (खीच) Khinchi (खींची) Khichar (खीचड़) is gotra of Jats found in Rajasthan and Pakistan. [2] Khichi (खीची) clan people are found at present mainly in Rajputs. It is a branch of Chauhan. Khichi clan is found in Afghanistan.[3] Kechi is term for Khichi, Chohan, or for Khicho in Afghanistan.[4] Khinchi is a Gotra of the Anjana Jats in Gujarat.

Origin

This gotra originated from ancestral person Khichi (खीची), who was king of area with capital at Gagraun (Gagraon, Gāgraon) (गागरौन) in present Jhalawar district in Rajasthan. [5] Probably they are same as Khichar clan of Chauhans.

History

Mailsi is one of the oldest parts of Multan. The region's name derives from the Malloi group which resided in Multan, but moved to the area near the Satluj river when Alexander attacked Multan. Subsequently, the Mallois moved north of the Satluj. The area was settled during the eighth century when Muhammad Bin Qasim attacked Multan. After the defeat of Prithviraj Chauhan in 1192 by Shahabuddin Ghori, members of his clan known as Khichi Chauhan migrated to Mailsi, where they acquired land and founded the villages of Shitab Garh, Sargana, Sheer Garh, Haleem Khichi, Aliwah, Tarki, Omar Khichi, Dhoda, and Fadda.

Khich, who belong to the Sind-Sagar Doab, is a variation of Khichi, which is one of the Chauhan clans. Ibbetson wrote that they "are said to have come originally from Ajmer, the old seat of Chauhan power, thence to Delhi, and from Delhi to the Sutlej during the Mughal rule".[6]

Khilchipur was founded in 1544 by Dewan Ugra Sen, a Khichi Rajput, a section of the Chauhan clan, who was forced by family dissensions to migrate from the Khichi capital of Gagraun.[7]

H.A. Rose[8] writes that In Bahawalpur the Chauhans have three clans : — Khalis ; Hamshira [found mainly in Uch peshkāri — they claim that Muhammad Husain, their ancestor, was Akbar's foster-brother (hamshir), but others say they are Hashmiras not Hamshiras] ; and Khichchi, who claim to be descended from Khichchi Khan, ruler of Ajmer 700 years ago, and say their ancestor founded Shergadh in Montgomery. Few in number they are confined to the kārdāri of Khairpur East, where they are carpenters and khatiks by trade, though in Multan they are well-to-do landowners.


H.A. Rose[9] writes that Khichi ( खिची), Khichchi (खिच्ची), a Muhammadan tribe of Jat status, found as a compact tribe almost exclusively round Mailsi in Multan and in the northern part of Gugera tahsil, Montgomery district. It claims Chauhan origin and descent from one Khichi Khan, a ruler in Ajmer. Driven out of Delhi by the Muhammadans his descendants Sisan and Vadar migrated to Multan. The Khichis fought with the Joiyas, then paramount in those parts, and also say that they were sent against the rebellious Baloch of Khai by the Mughals, in Multan; In Montgomery the Khichis say they were converted to Islam by Bahawal Haqq, wandered up the Ravi, abandoned agriculture for cattle-breeding and joined the Kharrals in robbery, but under the rule of Kamr Singh Nakkai resumed cultivation and are now industrious peasants.


† They are thus found along the lower and middle Sutlej, and on the Ravi from Multan to Lahore, but there are also a few of them on the Chenab, and there are considerable numbers of them in the Delhi district where they appear to be recognised as a sept of the Chauhan. In Shahpur they are also found and in that District they are classed as Jat (agricultural), but in Montgomery they are classed as Rajputs. In the Chenab Colony most of them returned themselves as Rajputs, but some as Jats. In the Sandal Bar they were dependents of the Kharrals, although superior to them in status taking wives from them, but refusing to give them brides. They were, however, not counted as 'belonging to the ' great Ravi ' tribes, and it is possible that the Khichi of the Bar and in Shahpur are really Khilchi or Khilji, not the Chauhan Khichi of Multan.

Khichi people of Jayal, Nagaur

Jayal (Nagaur) was centre of Khichi Chauhans. Tejaji's ancestors were Khichi, who came from Khilchipur and ruled for about 1000 years. Manakrao (Khinchwal) is considered to be the epi-person of Khichi Chauhans. Manakrao was son of Asaraja (1110-1122 AD) of Nadol. [10]

Manakrao came to Jayal in 1111 AD. [11]

The genealogy of Khichis is maintained by Ram Singh Khichi of Jayal, bard of Khichis. Here is the family tree of Khichis as per records of Ram Singh Khichi:[12]

1. Manak Rao (1111 AD), 2. Ajay Rao, 3. Chandra Rao, 4. Lakhan Rao, 5. Govind Rao, 6. Ramdev Rao, 7. Maan Rao 8. Gundal Rao, 9. Someshwar Rao, 10. Lakhan Rao, 11. Lal Singh Rao, 12. Laxmi Chand Rao 13. Bhom Chand Rao, 14. Benn Rao, 15. Jodhraj

Gundal Rao was contemporary of Prithvi Raj Chauhan (1149–1192 CE). [13]

Tejaji's ancestors were Nagavanshi descendant of Shvetanaga, who had five kingdoms in Central India, namely - 1. Khilchipur, 2. Raghaugarh, 3. Dharnawad, 4. Garhkila (Kilkila), and 5. Khairagarh

In Jayal Udayaraja developed differences with Kala clan people which led to a war in which Kala Jats of Jayal were defeated. But left Jayal and settled at Dholi Deh. Udayaraja occupied Kharnal from Khoja-Khokhar people and made his capital in V.S. 1021 (964 AD). Earlier name of Kharnal was Karnal but linguistic difference changed it to Kharnal. These facts are recorded in the Bahi of Bhairu Ram Bhat of Degana (Badwa of Dhaulya clan). [14]

Kala Jats had 27 villages around Jayal. Kalas were descendant of Kalanaga/Asitanaga. They were settled in Jayal since ancient times. They were known as Kalas of Jayal. [15]

James Tod on Khichi Ruler

James Tod[16] writes that having resigned Bumaoda to Hara-Raj, Rao Dewa, the Hara Chauhan, came to Bandu-Nal, the spot where his ancestor Colun was cured of disease. Here the Meenas of the Usarda tribe dwelt, under the patriarchal government of Jaita, their chief there was then no regular city ; the extremities of the valley (thal) were closed with barriers of masonry and gates, and the huts of the Meenas were scattered wherever their fancy led them to build.

At his time, the community, which had professed obedience to the Rana on the sack of Chittor, was suffering from the raids of Rao Bango, the Khichi, who from his castle of Ramgarh (Relawan) imposed " birchi-dohae" on all around. To save themselves from Bango, who used " to drive his lance at the barrier of Bandu," the Meenas entered into terms, agreeing, on the full moon of every second month, to suspend the tribute of the chouth over the barrier.

At the appointed time, the Rao came, but no bag of treasure appeared. " Who has been before me ? demanded Gango ; when forth issued the " lord of the Pathar," on the steed coveted by the Lodi king. Gango of Relawun bestrode a charger not less famed than his antagonist's, " which owed his birth to the river-horse of the Par, and a mare of the Khichi chieftain's, as she grazed on its margin. Mounted on this steed, no obstacle could stop him, and even the Chambal was no impediment to his seizing the tribute at all seasons from the Meenas."

The encounter was fierce, but the Hara was victorious, and Gango turned his back on the lord of the Pathar, who tried the mettle of bis son of the Par, pursuing him to the banks of the Chambul What was his surprise, when Gango sprang from the cliff, and horse and rider disappeared in the flood, but soon to re-appear on the opposite bank ! Dewa, who stood amazed, no sooner beheld the Rao emerge, than he exclaimed " Bravo, Rajpoot ! Let me know your name." " Gango Khichi," was the answer. " And mine is Dewa Hara ; we are brothers, and must no longer be enemies. Let the River be our boundary."

It was in S. 1398 (A.D. 1342) that Jaita and the Meenas of Usarra clan acknowledged Rae Dewa the Hara Chauhan as their lord, who erected Bundi in the valley of the Bandu-ca-Nal, which henceforth became the capital of the Haras.

तेजाजी के पूर्वजों ले लड़ाई

संत श्री कान्हाराम[17] ने लिखा है कि.... [पृष्ठ-62] : रामायण काल में तेजाजी के पूर्वज मध्यभारत के खिलचीपुर के क्षेत्र में रहते थे। कहते हैं कि जब राम वनवास पर थे तब लक्ष्मण ने तेजाजी के पूर्वजों के खेत से तिल खाये थे। बाद में राजनैतिक कारणों से तेजाजी के पूर्वज खिलचीपुर छोडकर पहले गोहद आए वहाँ से धौलपुर आए थे। तेजाजी के वंश में सातवीं पीढ़ी में तथा तेजाजी से पहले 15वीं पीढ़ी में धवल पाल हुये थे। उन्हीं के नाम पर धौलिया गोत्र चला। श्वेतनाग ही धोलानाग थे। धोलपुर में भाईयों की आपसी लड़ाई के कारण धोलपुर छोडकर नागाणा के जायल क्षेत्र में आ बसे।


[पृष्ठ-63]: तेजाजी के छठी पीढ़ी पहले के पूर्वज उदयराज का जायलों (काला जाट) के साथ युद्ध हो गया, जिसमें उदयराज की जीत तथा जायलों की हार हुई। युद्ध से उपजे इस बैर के कारण जायल वाले आज भी तेजाजी के प्रति दुर्भावना रखते हैं। फिर वे जायल से जोधपुर-नागौर की सीमा स्थित धौली डेह (करणु के पास) में जाकर बस गए। धौलिया गोत्र के कारण उस डेह (पानी का आश्रय) का नाम धौली डेह पड़ा। यह घटना विक्रम संवत 1021 (964 ई.) के पहले की है। विक्रम संवत 1021 (964 ई.) में उदयराज ने खरनाल पर अधिकार कर लिया और इसे अपनी राजधानी बनाया। 24 गांवों के खरनाल गणराज्य का क्षेत्रफल काफी विस्तृत था। तब खरनाल का नाम करनाल था, जो उच्चारण भेद के कारण खरनाल हो गया। उपर्युक्त मध्य भारत खिलचीपुर, गोहाद, धौलपुर, नागाणा, जायल, धौली डेह, खरनाल आदि से संबन्धित सम्पूर्ण तथ्य प्राचीन इतिहास में विद्यमान होने के साथ ही डेगाना निवासी धौलिया गोत्र के बही-भाट श्री भैरूराम भाट की पौथी में भी लिखे हुये हैं।



संत श्री कान्हाराम[18] ने लिखा है कि....[पृष्ठ-111]: नागौर नागों की मूल राजधानी रही है। प्राचीन काल में यहाँ पानी की झील थी। जिसमें नागवंशियों का जलमहल था। पहले शिशुनाग (शेषनाग) और बाद में वासुकि नाग यहाँ राजा था। शिशुनाग जलमहल में निवास करता था। ईसा की चौथी शताब्दी में यहाँ नागों द्वारा दुर्ग का निर्माण किया गया था। इस दुर्ग का नाम नागदुर्ग। कालांतर में नागदुर्ग शब्द ही नागौर बना।

मध्यकाल में नागौर के चारों ओर तीन सौ से चार सौ किमी के क्षेत्र में नाग गणों के गणराज्य फैले हुये थे। नाग+गण = नागाणा । इस क्षेत्र को नागाणा बोला गया। इन गण राज्यों में 99 प्रतिशत नागवंश से निकली जाट शाखा के थे। आज नागौर के चारों और 400-500 किमी तक फैली जाट जाति अकारण नहीं है। इसका ठोस कारण प्राचीन गणराज्य है।

नागौर कई बार बसा और उजड़ा, उजड़ने के कारण इसका नाम नागपट्टन भी पड़ा। नागौर किले का माही दरवाजा भी नागवंशी परंपरा का उदाहरण है। इसके प्रस्तर खंडों पर नाग-छत्र बना हुआ है। नागौर का एक नाम अहिछत्रपुर भी है जिसका उल्लेख महाभारत में है। महाभारत युद्ध में अहिछत्रपुर के राजाओं ने भी भाग लिया था। अहिछत्रपुर का अर्थ है 'नागों की छत्रछाया में बसा हुआ पुर (नगर)'। यहाँ नागौर की धरती पर नाग वंश की जाट शाखा के राव पदवी धारी जाटों ने 200 वर्ष तक राज किया था।


[पृष्ठ-128]: तेजाजी के पूर्वज धौलिया गोत्र के जाट नागवंश की चौहान शाखा (खांप) की उपशाखा खींची नख से संबन्धित थे। खींची चौहान की उपशाखा है। इनके गणराज्य जायल क्षेत्र के अंतर्गत तेजाजी के पूर्वजों का गणराज्य खरनाल आता था। तेजाजी के पूर्वज श्वेतनाग शाखा के जाट थे। चौहान उनका दल था। खींची उनकी नख थी। जाट उनका वंश था।

जायल के खींची राज्य की स्थापना करने वाले माणकराव (खिंचलवाल) की आठवीं पीढ़ी में गून्दलराव हुआ था। खींची चौहनों की एक शाखा है। सांभर के चौहान शासक सिंहराज के अनुज लक्ष्मण ने 960 ई. में नाडोल राज्य की स्थापना की थी। लक्ष्मण के वंशज आसराज (1110-1122 ई) के पुत्र माणकराव, खींची शाखा का प्रवर्तक था। वह 1111 ई. में जायल आया था। उनकी पीढ़ियाँ – 1. माणकराव 2. अजयराव 3. चन्द्र राव 4. लाखणराव 5. गोविंदराव 6. रामदेव राव 7. मानराव 8. गून्दलराव

खींची शाखा की वंशावली जायल के राम सिंह खींची के पास उपलब्ध है। रामसिंह जायल से पूर्व दिशा में एक ढाणी में रहते हैं। तेजाजी के इतिहास के शोध के दौरान जायल के सहदेव बासट जाट के साथ लेखक उनसे मेले थे।

तेजाजी के पूर्वज और खींची

संत श्री कान्हाराम[19] ने लिखा है कि.... जायल खींचियों का मूल केंद्र है। उन्होने यहाँ 1000 वर्ष तक राज किया। नाडोल के चौहान शासक आसराज (1110-1122 ई.) के पुत्र माणक राव (खींचवाल) खींची शाखा के प्रवर्तक माने जाते हैं। तेजाजी के विषय में जिस गून्दल राव एवं खाटू की सोहबदे जोहियानी की कहानी नैणसी री ख्यात के हवाले से तकरीबन 200 वर्ष बाद में पैदा हुआ था।


[पृष्ठ-158]: जायल के रामसिंह खींची के पास उपलब्ध खींचियों की वंशावली के अनुसार उनकी पीढ़ियों का क्रम इस प्रकार है- 1. माणकराव, 2. अजयराव, 3. चन्द्र राव, 4. लाखणराव, 5. गोविंदराव, 6. रामदेव राव, 7. मानराव 8. गून्दलराव, 9. सोमेश्वर राव, 10. लाखन राव, 11. लालसिंह राव, 12. लक्ष्मी चंद राव 13. भोम चंद राव, 14. बेंण राव, 15. जोधराज

गून्दल राव पृथ्वी राज के समकालीन थे।

यहाँ जायल क्षेत्र में काला गोत्री जाटों के 27 खेड़ा (गाँव) थे। यह कालानाग वंश के असित नाग के वंशज थे। यह काला जयलों के नाम से भी पुकारे जाते थे। यह प्राचीन काल से यहाँ बसे हुये थे।

तेजाजी के पूर्वज राजनैतिक कारणों से मध्य भारत (मालवा) के खिलचिपुर से आकर यहाँ जायल के थली इलाके के खारिया खाबड़ के पास बस गए थे। तेजाजी के पूर्वज भी नागवंश की श्वेतनाग शाखा के वंशज थे। मध्य भारत में इनके कुल पाँच राज्य थे- 1. खिलचिपुर, 2. राघौगढ़, 3. धरणावद, 4. गढ़किला और 5. खेरागढ़

Khichi Bhat

Distribution in Rajasthan

Villages in Jaipur district

Khichi (खीची) Jat Gotra people live in village: Thorya ki Dhani (3),

Khinchi (खींची) Jat Gotra people live in village: Ladana Phagi (5),

VIIIth Sati Pillar of Chaudhary Majoop Singh at Eran

This Sati pillar is situated at Eran in Madhya Pradesh. In the beginning of the inscription term 'Sri Ganesh Shaya Nama' is mentioned. It is dated in 'Sak Samvat' 1802 (1880 A.D.). This Sati Pillar belongs to Chaudhary Majoop Singh. 'Khichi' is inscribed as 'Gotra'. The descendants of 'Chaudhary Majoop Singh' narrate that died in the Battle, his wife went Sati with pillow. They are still living at Eran . The length, width and thickness of the Pillar are 1.73 mts , 53 cms.,10 cms respectively.. The inscription is of 10 lines. The horse is inscribed on the Pillar. A couple has been shown in standing position, holding hands. The riding persons having sword in his waist. On the both sides of the blessing hand The Sun, The Moon , Five Stars and Pillow are inscribed ..

Khichi town in Pakistan

Khichi is a town in Paistan with geographical location: Jhang, Punjab, Pakistan, Asia. Coordinates: 31° 44' 45" North, 72° 54' 15" East. Sardar Muhammad Khan Khichi is a Candidate Affiliated with Pakistan Peoples Party Parliamentarians (PPPP).

Distribution in Pakistan

According to 1911 census the Khichi were the principal Muslim Jat clan in districts:

Notable persons

  • Sardar Muhammad Khan Khichi - Candidate Affiliated with Pakistan Peoples Party Parliamentarians (PPPP)
  • Chaudhary Majoop Singh - Whose Sati pillar is at Eran

See also

Khichar (खीचड़)

References

  1. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. ख-66
  2. History and study of the Jats
  3. An Inquiry Into the Ethnography of Afghanistan, H. W. Bellew, p.79
  4. An Inquiry Into the Ethnography of Afghanistan, H. W. Bellew, p.112
  5. Mahendra Singh Arya et al.: Adhunik Jat Itihas, Agra 1998, p. 235
  6. http://www.shvoong.com/humanities/1681556-chauhan-rajputs-vansh-agnivanshi-by/
  7. http://www.uq.net.au/~zzhsoszy/ips/k/khilchipur.html
  8. A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/B , p.156
  9. A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/K,p.535
  10. Sant Kanha Ram: Shri Veer Tejaji Ka Itihas Evam Jiwan Charitra (Shodh Granth), Published by Veer Tejaji Shodh Sansthan Sursura, Ajmer, 2015. p.157
  11. Sant Kanha Ram: Shri Veer Tejaji Ka Itihas Evam Jiwan Charitra (Shodh Granth), Published by Veer Tejaji Shodh Sansthan Sursura, Ajmer, 2015. p.128
  12. Sant Kanha Ram: Shri Veer Tejaji Ka Itihas Evam Jiwan Charitra (Shodh Granth), Published by Veer Tejaji Shodh Sansthan Sursura, Ajmer, 2015. p.158
  13. Sant Kanha Ram: Shri Veer Tejaji Ka Itihas Evam Jiwan Charitra (Shodh Granth), Published by Veer Tejaji Shodh Sansthan Sursura, Ajmer, 2015. p.158
  14. Sant Kanha Ram: Shri Veer Tejaji Ka Itihas Evam Jiwan Charitra (Shodh Granth), Published by Veer Tejaji Shodh Sansthan Sursura, Ajmer, 2015. p.63,158
  15. Sant Kanha Ram: Shri Veer Tejaji Ka Itihas Evam Jiwan Charitra (Shodh Granth), Published by Veer Tejaji Shodh Sansthan Sursura, Ajmer, 2015. p.158
  16. James Tod: Annals and Antiquities of Rajasthan, Volume II, Annals of Haravati,p. 423
  17. Sant Kanha Ram: Shri Veer Tejaji Ka Itihas Evam Jiwan Charitra (Shodh Granth), Published by Veer Tejaji Shodh Sansthan Sursura, Ajmer, 2015. pp.62-63
  18. Sant Kanha Ram: Shri Veer Tejaji Ka Itihas Evam Jiwan Charitra (Shodh Granth), Published by Veer Tejaji Shodh Sansthan Sursura, Ajmer, 2015. pp.111, 128
  19. Sant Kanha Ram: Shri Veer Tejaji Ka Itihas Evam Jiwan Charitra (Shodh Granth), Published by Veer Tejaji Shodh Sansthan Sursura, Ajmer, 2015. pp.157-158

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