Khandela Sikar

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Author of this article is Laxman Burdak.
For Gotra see Khandela
Location of Khandela in Sikar district

Khandela (खण्डेला) is a city in tahsil Srimadhopur, Sikar district in Rajasthan. Its ancient name, mentioned in Harsha Inscription 961 AD (L-37), was Khadagakupa (खड़्गकूप). Mahabharata mentions it as Khandapura (खण्डपुर).

Founder

Khandela was founded by Chauhan ruler Khangal (खङ्गल).

History

Mahabharata mentions a King of Khandapura (खण्डपुर) took part in War. Khandapura was the ancient name of Khandela.[1]

A Khandeshwara Shiva temple is situated in the west of town. Chamunda Mata temple is situted at the top of the hill. There is a stone temple of Abalde-Shobhalde at about 3 km in north of town. The Nrisimha temple of Khandela is very famous. An inscription of 3rd century BC was obtained from nearby hilly areas. [2]

As per Historical evidences the Khandela is said to be established by Dahliya Kshatriyas descendants of Shishupala. Nardeo Devra attacked Dahil Raja Kunwarsi, defeated him and occupied Khandela in V.S. 1141 (=1084 AD). Bisaldev Raso of V.S. 1272 (=1215 AD) mentions construction works in Khandela.[3]

The famous Chauhan King Hammira of Ranthambhor attacked Khandela in VS 1342 (=1285 AD).

As per records of Bard of Burdak clan the epi-person of Burdaks, Nanakji Burdak, founded village Gothra (Tagalan) in Samvat 1353 (1296 AD) with the help of Raja Bhoj of Khandela.

Maharana Kumbha of Mewar also attacked Khandela. Later at the time of Pipaji Nirwan it was occupied by Thakur Raisal Shekhawat in VS 1635 (=1578 AD). Some historians write that a River divided the town in the past that led to name Khandela meaning the divided city. It used to be a big and well developed town in ancient times. It had 12 habitations (Bas) within the town. [4]

James Tod[5] writes that The warriors assembled under Visaladeva Chauhan against the Islam invader included the Narbhan ruler. - with the Narbhan, See Annals of Shekhavati for the Narbhans, who held Khandela as a fief of Ajmer.


Thakur Deshraj writes that A group of Tomar Jats settled at place which was later known as Badhala. According to Bhat records a chieftain named Khadgal (खडगल) settled along with his companions and made it as his cantonment. This place later was known as Khandela. Khandelawati was popular after this warrior named Khadgal. after many genarations was born a person named Badhal (बधाल). He established his rule at Badhal Village. Khandela and Badhal Village are 30 miles apart. They ruled here from 10-14th century under Bhomiachara system. [6]

Khandel (खंडेल) Khadaul (खडौल) gotra of Jats originated from Khandela, which was founded by Khadgal (खडगल)/Khangal (खङ्गल). [7]

In the history of Vijayvargiya community we find mention that their ancestral person was Dhanapala, minister of Khanga Chauhan (खंग चौहान), Maharaja of Khandela. Dhanapala had four sons:Bija, Mahesh, Khandu and Sunda. These four persons originated four clans: BijaVijayvargiya clan, MaheshMaheshvari clan, KhanduKhandelwal clan and Sunda - Sarawagi clan. [8]


Dasharatha Sharma[9] writes....[p.123]: Hammira was the last and most famous of the Chauhans of Ranthambhor. Hammira had ascended the throne in V.1339. Not very long after this, he started, according to the Hammiramahakavya, on a digvijaya or conquest of all the quarters. He first defeated Ajuna, the ruler of Bhamarasa, and then exacted tribute from the fort of Mandalakrita (मण्डलकृत) or Mandalgarh. Striking southwards from here, he reached Ujjayini and Dhara and defeated the Paramara ruler Bhoja. From here he turned northwards, and reached home passing through Chittor, Abu, Vardhanapura (वर्धनपुर) (Badnore), Changa (चंगा) (fortress of the mers still retains old name), Pushkar, Maharashtra (Marot), Sakambhari, Khandilla (खंडिल्ल) (Khandela), Champa (चम्पा) (Chaksu), and Karkarala (कर्कराला) (Karkaralagiri of the Balvan Inscription == Karauli), at the last of which places he received the homage of the ruler of Tribhuvanagiri (Tahangarh).


[p.124]: after came a Koti-yajna which was very much like the asvamedha of Samudragupta. It was under the direction of his purohita Vishvarupa. This digvijaya, or rather a number of raids from time to time magnified into one systematic digvijaya (Balvan Inscription, EI, XIX, pp.49 ff) by Nayachandra, took place before V. 1345 (c. 1288 A.D.). The Balvan inscription of the year mentions the performance of not only one but two Kotiyagna by Hammira and describes the capture of the elephant force of Arjuna, the ruler of Malwa, a kingdom the condition of which was indeed bad enough to invite interference from all sides.

Historical Monuments

Jatni's opinion to Birsingdeo

James Tod [10] writes that Birsingdeo, chieftain of Khandela, had seven sons, of whom the heir-apparent, Bahadur Sing, remained at Khandela ; while estates were assigned to his brothers, namely, Amar Sing, Syam Sing, Jagdeo, Bhopal Sing, Mokri Sing, and Paim Sing, who all increased the stock of Raesilotes. While the Raja was performing his duties in the Dekhan, intelligence reached him that his son at home had usurped his title and authority ; upon which, with only four horsemen, he left the army for his capital. When within two coss of Khandela, he alighted at the house of a Jatni, of whom he requested refreshment, and begged especial care of his wearied steed, lest he should be stolen ; to which she sharply replied,

"Is not Bahadur Sing ruler here ? You may leave gold in the highway, and no one dare touch it."

The old chieftain was so delighted with this testimony to his son's discharge of a prince's duties, that, without disclosing himself or his suspicions, he immediately returned to the Dekhan, where he died.

Buhadur Sing succeeded, and on his father's death repaired to the armies in the south, commanded by Aurangzeb in person. Being insulted by a Mooslem chief bearing the same name with himself, and obtaining no redress from the bigoted prince, he left the army in disgust, upon which his name was erased from the list of munsubdars.

इतिहास

ठाकुर देशराज[11] ने लिखा है....[पृ.441]: जयपुर के पश्चिम उत्तर 40-50 मील के फासले पर रींगस तहसील है। इस तहसील का कुल इलाका और तोरावाटी, सीकरवाटी और मारवाड़ की सरहद से घिरा हुआ है खंडेलावाटी कहलाता है। खंडेला इस इलाके में एक बड़ा ठिकाना है जो दो हिस्सों (पानो) में बटा हुआ है। इसके अलावा कई छोटे छोटे और भोमिया तथा जागीरदार इस इलाके में फैले हुए हैं। यह तमाम ठिकानेदार कछवाहा राजपूत हैं। यह लोग इस प्रदेश पर तेरहवीं सदी में फैले थे। कछवाहा लोग आरंभ में ग्वालियर (निषद देश) और पीछे अहिच्छत्रपुर (बरेली) पीलीभीत के आसपास थे। बरेली से जब उन्हें भगा दिया गया तो उनका एक सरदार सोढा राय ग्यारहवीं सदी के आरंभ में दोसा के निकट आकर आबाद हुआ और उसने वहां के बड़गूजरों से मेल करके अपना डेरा जमाया। इसके बाद उसके उत्तराधिकारियों ने छल-कपट करके मीनों से आमेर को ले लिया। यही आमेर आगे चलकर कछवाहा नरेश जयसिंह जी के नाम पर जयपुर नाम से प्रसिद्ध हुआ।

खंडेला शिलालेख संवत 201 (हर्ष संवत=807 AD)

खण्डेला के संवत 201 (हर्ष संवत) के शिलालेख से ज्ञात होता है की बौद्द का पुत्र आदित्यनाग धूसर था. उसने शिव पार्वती का मंदिर बनाया. (खंडेला शिलालेख-श्लोक 7-8)[12]

सिद्धसेनसूरी की वि. सं. 1123 (1066 ई.) में रचित सर्वतीर्थमाला में अपभ्रंश कथाग्रन्थ 'विलासवर्दूकहां' में झुंझुनू के साथ-साथ खण्डिल्ल, नराणा, हरसऊद और खट्टउसूस (खाटू) के नाम आये हैं। इससे इसकी उपस्थिति विक्रम की 12 वीं शती में भी ज्ञात होती है।[13]

Chittor Victory pillar Inscription of 1460 AD

चित्तौड़ के कीर्तिस्तम्भ प्रशस्ति १४६० ई. [14] में खंडेला का उल्लेख है. जहां कुम्भा का वर्णन हमें मिलता है वहां यह उल्लिखित है कि माण्डव्यपुर (मंडोर) से हनुमान की मूर्ति लाया और १५१५ वि.सं. में उसकी स्थापना दुर्ग के प्रमुख द्वार पर की. इसके अनन्तर कुम्भा द्वारा सपादलक्ष, नराणा, वसंतपुर और आबू जीतने का वर्णन है. महाराणा ने एकलिंगजी के मन्दिर के पूर्व की ओर कुम्भ-मंडप का निर्माण कराया. आगे चलकर मालवा और गुजरात की और सेना के प्रयाण का वर्णन मिलता है जो बडा रोचक है. इसी तरह जांगल प्रदेश तथा धुंकराद्रि और खंडेला की विजय के उल्लेख के साथ लेखक ने उस भाग की नैसर्गिक स्थिति पर भी प्रकाश डाला है. श्लोक १४६ में किसी शत्रु के पुर से (?) गणेश -मूर्ति को यहां लाकर स्थापित करने का उल्लेख है. इसी में डीडवाना की नमक की खान से कर लेना तथा विशाल सैन्य से खंडेले को तोड़ना भी उल्लिखित है.

Bajiyas in Khandela history

The Bajiya Jats of Lampua village had gathered at Khandela and opposed the Jagirdari system due to which The Shekhawat Jagirdar hacked Lala Bajiya by sword. Bhura Bajiya had taken lead of this movement who was also killed. The Jaipur state established a statue and Chhatri of Lala Bajiya at Khandela. The villagers themselves established statue and Chhatri of Bhura Bajiya at Khandela.

भामूओं की ढाणी पर लगान वसूली हेतु हमला

शेखावाटी के ठिकानों ने मनमाना लगान वसूल करने हेतु किसानों पर ज्यादतियां की. 24 जून 1943 को खंडेला ठिकाने के 150 आदमियों ने भामूओं की ढाणी पर लगान वसूली हेतु हमला बोला जिससे तीन किसान और एक स्त्री बुरी तरह घायल हुए. (हिंदुस्तान टाईम्स, 2 जुलाई 1943 ) (डॉ पेमा राम,p. 195)

Geography

Khandela is located at 27.36 N 75.30 E [15]. It has an average elevation of 318 metres. It is 45 km from Sikar and 19 km from Palsana in east direction.

Demographics

As of 2001 India census, Khandela had a population of 22,475. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Khandela has an average literacy rate of 57%, lower than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 69%, and female literacy is 45%. In Khandela, 18% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Khandelwal Jains, Vaishnavas and Brahmins originated from here. Rayasala was the most famous ruler of Khandela.

Notable persons

  • Lala Bajiya - Hero of farmer movement at Khandela
  • Bhura Bajiya - Hero of farmer movement at Khandela
  • Gopal Singh Khandela (Bajiya) has been MLA twice from Khandela assembly constituency in Sikar district in Rajasthan during 1961-65 and 1985-88. He was also Minister of Milk and Dairy Department during 1985-88.

Jat Gotras in Khandela

Dhayal, Ranwa, Bajya, Badesara, Doodhwal, Jangoo, Kalirawna, Kapooria, Khandel Samoda,

External link

References

  1. Dr. Raghavendra Singh Manohar:Rajasthan Ke Prachin Nagar Aur Kasbe, 2010,p. 227
  2. Dr. Raghavendra Singh Manohar:Rajasthan Ke Prachin Nagar Aur Kasbe, 2010,p. 228
  3. Dr. Raghavendra Singh Manohar:Rajasthan Ke Prachin Nagar Aur Kasbe, 2010,p. 227
  4. Dr. Raghavendra Singh Manohar:Rajasthan Ke Prachin Nagar Aur Kasbe, 2010,p. 227
  5. James Tod: Annals and Antiquities of Rajasthan, Volume II,Annals of Haravati,p.414-416
  6. Thakur Deshraj:Jat Itihas, p.613-614
  7. Dr Mahendra Singh Arya, Dharmpal Singh Dudee, Kishan Singh Faujdar & Vijendra Singh Narwar: Ādhunik Jat Itihasa (The modern history of Jats), Agra 1998 p. 236
  8. पीपुल्स समाचार:भोपाल, 28 सितम्बर 2010
  9. Dasharatha Sharma, Early Chauhan Dynasties", Ch. XI, pp. 123-124.
  10. Annals and Antiquities of Rajasthan, Volume II, Annals of Amber, p.364
  11. Thakur Deshraj:Jat Jan Sewak, 1949, p.441
  12. रतन लाल मिश्र:शेखावाटी का नवीन इतिहास, मंडावा, 1998, पृ.265
  13. Dr. Raghavendra Singh Manohar:Rajasthan Ke Prachin Nagar Aur Kasbe, 2010,p. 219
  14. डॉ गोपीनाथ शर्मा: 'राजस्थान के इतिहास के स्त्रोत', 1983, पृ.146-147
  15. Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Khandela

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