Kundal

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Kundal (कुण्डल)[1] [2] Kondal (कोन्डाल)[3] Khondal (खोण्डल)[4] [5] Kundhal is a Gotra of Jats in Himachal Pradesh, Punjab and Haryana. Kondala is a Gotra of the Anjana Jats in Gujarat.

Origin

They are believed to be Nagavanshi and this gotra started from their ancestor Kundala (कुण्डल). [6]

Origin from Trigartas

Maheswari Prasad consider this gotra to be originated from ancient Trigarta clan named Kauṇḍoparastha. He[7] writes that it appears that at the time of the final redaction of the Mahabharata the tradition of the six important clans of the Trigartas was well established. It is carious to note that in connection with the application of a suffix Panini makes a reference to the Damini (दामिनी) group and the six Trigartas (दामन्यादि त्रिगर्तसष्टाच्छ: v.3.116). On the basis of an ancient verse the Kashika commentary names these as Kauṇḍoparastha (कौण्डोपरस्थ) , Dāṇḍakī (दाण्डकी), Krauṣṭakī (क्रौष्टकी), Jālamāni (जालमानि), Brahmagupta (ब्रह्मगुप्त), and Jānaki (जानकी). These communities mentioned in the grammatical literature can be identified with following Jat Gotra names:

  • (3) Dāṇḍakī (दाण्डकी): Dangi,
  • (5) Jālamāni (जालमानि): Jali,

History

Rajatarangini mentions Kundala as the low lands which are protected by embankments (Book V, p.114) (KundalaKundal)

In Mahabharata

Kundala (कुण्डल) is mentioned in Mahabharata:

  • Kundala (कुण्डल) (Nagavanshi) (I.52.12), (I.57), (I.89.51), (1.94),
  • Kundala (कुण्डला) (River) (VI.10.20),
  • Kundaladhara (कुण्डलधर) (II.9.9),

Adi Parva, Mahabharata/Book I Chapter 52 gives names of all those Nagas that fell into the fire of the snake-sacrifice. Kundala (कुण्डल) is listed in the Nagas of the race Kauravya in verse (I.52.12). [8]....Aindila, Kundala, Munda, Veniskandha, Kumaraka, Bahuka, Shringavega, Dhurtaka, Pratara and Astaka.


Adi Parva, Mahabharata/Book I Chapter 89 gives the History of Puru and Pandavas (Aila dynasty). Kundika (कुण्डिकः) and Kundala (कुण्डल) are mentioned in verse (I.89.51) [9]

कुण्डल जनपद

कुण्डल - यह जनपद दक्षिण दिशा में था। इस देश पर कुण्डल गोत्र के जाटों का राज्य था। (महाभारत भीष्मपर्व, अध्याय 9)।[10]

Distribution in Himachal Pradesh

Kundal (कुंडल) gotra Jats are found in Himachal Pardesh[11], Villages in Kangra, Hamirpur and Una districts.

Distribution in Haryana

north west haryana

Distribution in Punjab

villages in Hosiarpur, Ludhiana, Gurudaspur etc


References

  1. Dr Pema Ram:‎Rajasthan Ke Jaton Ka Itihas, p.297
  2. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. क-149
  3. Dr Pema Ram:‎Rajasthan Ke Jaton Ka Itihas, p.297
  4. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. ख-96
  5. Dr Pema Ram:‎Rajasthan Ke Jaton Ka Itihas, p.298
  6. Mahendra Singh Arya et al.: Adhunik Jat Itihas, Agra 1998, p. 233
  7. Maheswari Prasad, “Jats in Ancient India”:The Jats, Ed. Dr Vir Singh, Vol.I, p. 26
  8. ऐण्डिलः कुण्डलॊ मुण्डॊ वेणि सकन्धः कुमारकः, बाहुकः शृङ्गवेगश च धूर्तकः पातपातरौ (I.52.12)
  9. धृतराष्ट्रॊ ऽथ राजासीत तस्य पुत्रॊ ऽथ कुण्डिकः,हस्ती वितर्कः क्राथश च कुण्डलश चापि पञ्चमः, हविः श्रवास तथेन्द्राभः सुमन्युश चापराजितः (I.89.51)
  10. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Chapter III, Page 291
  11. हवा सिंह सांगवान:असली लुटरे कौन, 2009, पृ. 84

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