Lucknow (लखनऊ) is the capital city of the state of Uttar Pradesh.
Origin of name
In ancient times, the city was established by Lakshmana, the younger brother of Rama worshipped by Hindus as the avatar of the Hindu god Vishnu. Rama was the king of Ayodhya, capital of the ancient Hindu kingdom of Kosala, which more recently became Awadh. As a result Lakshmana founded a city nearby and named it Lakshmanpuri. Over the years the city's name changed several times: from Lakshmanpuri to Lakhanpur then to Lakhnau, after which it was anglicised to Lucknow.
According to James Todd Ayodhya was the first city founded by the race of Surya. Like other capitals, its importance must have risen by slow degrees ; yet making every allowance for exaggeration, it must have attained great splendour long anterior to Rama. Its site is well known at this day under the contracted name of Oudh, which also designates the country appertaining to the titular wazir of the Mogul empire ; which country, twenty-five years ago, nearly marked the limits of Kosala, the pristine kingdom of the Surya race. Overgrown greatness characterized all the ancient Asiatic capitals, and that of Ayodhya was immense. Lucknow, the present capital, is traditionally asserted to have been one of the suburbs of ancient Oudh, and so named by Rama, in compliment to his brother Lakshman.
Historically the capital of Awadh and controlled by the Delhi Sultanate under Mughal rule, it was later transferred to the Nawabs of Awadh. After Lord Clive's defeat of the Bengal, Awadh and Mughal Nawabs it fell under the rule of the East India Company with control transferred to the British Raj in 1857.
From 1350 CE onwards, Lucknow and parts of the Awadh region were ruled by the Delhi Sultanate, Sharqi Sultanate, Mughal Empire, Nawabs of Awadh, the British East India Company (EIC) and the British Raj.
Until 1719, the subah of Awadh was a province of the Mughal Empire administered by a Governor appointed by the Emperor. Persian adventurer Saadat Khan, also called Burhan-ul-Mulk, was appointed nizam of Awadh in 1722 and established his court in Faizabad, near Lucknow.
For about eighty-four years (from 1394 to 1478), Awadh was part of the Sharqi Sultanate of Jaunpur.
Emperor Humayun made it a part of the Mughal Empire around 1555. During Emperor Jahangir's rule, he granted an estate in Awadh to nobleman, Sheikh Abdul Rahim, who had won his favour. Sheikh Abdul Rahim later built Machchi Bhawan on this estate, which later became the seat of power from where his descendants, the Sheikhzadas, controlled the region.
- The inscription kept in the Lucknow Museum written in Brahmi script in the IXth year of Saka era. Here the subject matter is the gift by a lady, Gahapala , daughter of Grahamitra and wife of Ekra Dala. This name is again reminiscent of the name of the Jat clan Dall/Dhall.
- Justice Mahavir Singh was vice-president of All India Hindi Law Institute Lucknow
- Lucknow Panchayat of July 1990 by Ch. Mahendra Singh Tikait to protest against the Janata Dal Government in UP State as it failed to meet genuine demands of kisans.
- Second Lucknow Panchayat of January 1992 by Ch. Mahendra Singh Tikait to protest against the enhanced rate of fertilizers and hike in electricity rates, sugarcane supplies to mills and allied issues relating to sugarcane crop and TELCO land acquisition compensation issue.
- The month-long Lucknow Panchayat of June 1992 by Ch. Mahendra Singh Tikait for 7-point charter of demands including implementation of writing-off of Govt. loans of Rs. 10,000.
- Chaudhary Ajit Singh did his B.Sc, B. Tech and MS from the Lucknow University,
- Parasram Maderna did MA & LLB from Lucknow University.
- Ram Niwas Mirdha was M.A., LL.B. Educated at Allahabad University, Allahabad, Lucknow University, Lucknow (Uttar Pradesh
List of historical places
- Bara Imambara
- Chhota Imambara
- Imambara Ghufran Ma'ab
- La Martiniere Lucknow
- Qaisar Bagh
- Rumi Darwaza
- Shah Najaf Imambara
- Dargah of Hazrat Abbas
- Dilkusha Kothi
- Karbala of Dayanat-ud-Daulah
- Mir Babar Ali Anis ka maqbara
- Imambara Sibtainabad (Maqbara of Amjad Ali Shah)
- Rauza Kazmain
- Talkatora Karbala
Chaudhary Charan Singh Statue Airport Lucknow
- Dr. Vishal Nath. "History of Lucknow". Karavanindia
- "Hotel Lineage". Hotel Lineage. 11 April 1936.
- James Todd Annals/Chapter 4 Foundations of States and Cities by the different tribes,p.45-46
- "Introduction to Lucknow"