Nandal

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For village named Nandal see Nandal Rohtak

Nandal (नांदल)[1][2][3] Nadal (नादल)/(नदल)[4][5] Nandar (नांदर)[6] Nadar (नादर) Nander (नांदर) Nadarya (नादर्य)[7] Bohariye (बोहरिये ) Nanda (नंदा) Naindal (नैनदल)[8][9] is a Jat clan, found in Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan, India and in Pakistan. They are of Middle Eastern descent, specifically Iranian, or Persian. Some Jats in UP write Nandar or Bohariye instead of Nandal.

History

Ram Swarup Joon[10] writes about Nandal Tanwar: One person of the family of last Raja Anand Pal left Delhi after its conquest by the Mohammadans and settled at village Bohar (near Rohtak). His name was Nandan and his descendents were called Nandal Vanshi and later on their Gotra became Nandal.

दलीपसिंह अहलावत

दलीपसिंह अहलावत लिखते हैं - जाट्स दी ऐनशन्ट रूलर्ज पृ० 256 पर, बी० एस० दहिया ने लिखा है कि “यह कहना उचित है कि मौर्य शासन से पहले जो नन्द जाट थे वे आज नांदल/नांदेर जाट कहलाते हैं।” आगे वही लेखक पृ० 305 पर लिखते हैं कि “नांदल जाटों ने भारतवर्ष में जो साम्राज्य स्थापित किया वह नन्द मगध साम्राज्य कहलाया।”

नांदल गोत्र के जाटों का निवास आज भी भारतवर्ष में है।

इस गोत्र के जाटों के गांव निम्नलिखित हैं -

1. जिला रोहतक में गांव बोहर तथा इसी के निकट गढ़ी है जिसे बोहर गढ़ी कहते हैं। इस गोत्र के अन्य सभी गांवों का निकास इसी बोहर गांव से है।

2. जिला रोहतक में नन्दल गांव आधा 3. रिठाल गांव का एक ठौला 4. महराना गांव आधा, 5. जटवाड़ा में 50 घर 6. चीमनी में 50 घर हैं।

7. जिला सोनीपत में ज्यासीपुर गांव आधा, डाहर जिला करनाल में भी कुछ गांव हैं जैसे - 8. जाटिल 9. मंढाणा कलां 10. मंढाणा खुर्द आदि। जिला बुलन्दशहर तहसील खुर्जा (उ० प्र०) में इस गोत्र के 12 गांव पास-पास मिलकर बसे हुए हैं। जिनके नाम - भुन्ना, गोहनी, रकराना, शाहपुर, धमपुर, छिरोली, रामगढ़ी, नौरगा, हबीपुर, फिरोजपुर, भूतगढी, जलोखरी। यू० पी० में बोहर गांव से जाकर बसने के कारण वहां ये नांदल जाट, बोहरिये कहलाते हैं।

बोहर गांव का अति प्रसिद्ध नांदल जाट -

द्वितीय महायुद्ध के समय मैंने दिल्ली के लाल किले में एक बड़ा पत्थर रखा हुआ देखा था। उस पर यह लेख खुदा हुआ था कि “बोहर गांव में एक कुआं खोदते समय यह भारी पत्थर उस कुएँ से अकेले एक बोहर गांव के जाट ने बाहिर निकाला था।” उस पर उस जाट का नाम भी था परन्तु मुझे खेद है कि मैं उस पहलवान व्यक्ति का नाम भूल गया हूं।

अनुमान है कि उस पत्थर का वजन लगभग 10 मन था। स्वतन्त्रता प्राप्ति के बाद वह पत्थर वहां से हटा दिया गया। मैंन हाल में ही लाल किले में जाकर उस पत्थर को खोजने का प्रयत्न किया किन्तु नहीं मिला। (लेखक)[11]

In Mahabharata

Shalya Parva, Mahabharata/Book IX Chapter 44 mentions names of combatants armed with diverse weapons and clad in diverse kinds of robes and ornaments, All of them came to the ceremony for investing Kartikeya with the status of generalissimo. It mentions in verse 63 Nandaka along with Hans as under:

हंसजः पङ्कदिग्धाङ्गः समुद्रॊन्माथनश च ह
रणॊत्कटः परहासश च शवेतशीर्षश च नन्दकः (Mahabharata: IX. 44. 63)

Distribution in Haryana

Nandal's are generally present near Panipat, specially in Dahar, Khukhrana. Rohtak, specially Bohar Village. In Rohtak, there is even a village named Nandal with surname Nandal near Lakhan Mazra. Even though the majority of the people belonging to this gotra live in Haryana and Rajasthan, a few families also gone to live in North America and Europe. Nandal is a prominent Khaap or gotra of Jats in Haryana. Mostly Nandals are spread over Rohtak, Sonipat,Panipat, Jhajjar, Kurukshetra and Kaithal districts.

Villages in Rohtak District

Bohar, Cheemni, Kutana, Rithal,

Villages in Sonipat District

Jaissipur,

Villages in Panipat District

Dahar, Jatal, Jatol Panipat, Khukhrana, Mehrana,

Villages in Jhajjar District

Jatwara, Mehrana,

Villages in Kurukshetra District

Bhoot Majra,

Villages in Kaithal District

Manas,

Distribution in Uttar Pradesh

Some Jats in UP write Nandar or Bohariye instead of Nandal.

Villages in Bulandshahar District

Bhootgarhi, Bhuna, Chhichhrauli, Gohni, Habipur, Jalokhari, Rakrana, Shahpur,

Villages in Aligarh District

Ramgarhi Aligarh, Shahpur,

Villages in Budaun district

Dharampur, Firozpur, Nauranga,

Notable persons

  • Sunita Nandal - A social worker in the village Rithal district Rohtak, Haryana
  • Satish Nandal - Born on 03.06.1965 at RITHAL in Rohtak District ( Haryana). I took my middle education from Govt. Middle School Rithal and then B.Sc. (PCM), M.Sc., LL.B., and MCA from M.D.University Rohtak and MBA from Sikkim Manipal University. I was founder President of Gram Kalyan Parishad Rithal. Joined Govt. job in 1985 and presently working as SDO in HARTRON. he takes part in village welfare acts. His wife Sunita Rana became the village Sarpanch in 1994.
  • S.C. Nandal - Customes & Excise Officer, Gurgaon
  • Rai Singh Nandal, a very respectable person who has spent around 35 years in teaching mathematics.He has served at many places in Haryana. Currently, he resides at Sheela Bye Pass, Bharat Colony, Rohtak.
  • Ch. Kundan Singh Nandal from Bohar village who established the village in 1124 A.D. (Vikrami Samvat 1181 Falgun Badi Panchmi) upon his grandfather name Ch. Bohrsi Nandal. Bohar village is origin of all the Nandal jats. Presently Bohar Village has two gram panchayats i.e. Bohar-Bhopan & Bohar- Melwan. The population of village is more than 20000. Mostly land of the village has been acquired by government due to urbanization & industrialization of Rohtak city. All the HUDA Sectors, MD University, PGI, Model Town, Tilak Nagar, Bharat Colony, Ramgopal Colony, Basant Vihar, Tau Nagar, Sun City are located in the demarcation boundary of village.
  • Mr.S.C. Nandal - Supdt. Custom & Central Excise, 3017, Sec 53, Gurgaon, Haryana, Ph: 0124-2365736 (PP-403)
  • Mr. Satyawati Nandal - State Govt Principal Education, Haryana Govt. GSSS, Madina, 1511, WQ Canal Colony, Madina, Haryana Ph: 01262-272557 (PP-944)
  • Smt. Vijay Laxmi Nandal - Principal, Education Haryana Govt. GGSS Rohtak, 1421,Sector-1, HUDA Rohtak, Haryana Ph: 01262-274288 (PP-946)

Distribution in Pakistan

Nanda Jats are said to be of Georgian, Tatar, Kazakh and Chechen origin. They are mostly found in Sialkot, Gujranwala, Faisalabad, Okara, Islamabad, etc.

References

  1. B S Dahiya:Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study), p.241, s.n.152
  2. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. न-61
  3. O.S.Tugania:Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu,p.47,s.n. 1390
  4. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. न-11
  5. O.S.Tugania:Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu,p.47,s.n. 1396
  6. B S Dahiya:Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study), p.241, s.n.152
  7. O.S.Tugania:Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu,p.46,s.n. 1390
  8. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. न-17
  9. O.S.Tugania:Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu,p.47,s.n. 1428
  10. Ram Swarup Joon: History of the Jats/Chapter V,p. 95
  11. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Chapter V (Page 479)

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