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Author:Laxman Burdak, IFS (R)

For Jat Gotra see Badgama

Budgam (बडगाम) is a town and district in the union territory of Jammu and Kashmir, India.



Budgam is connected with National Highway 444 to rest of India.


The district is subdivided into the nine tehsils: 1. Chadoora, 2. Beerwah, 3. Budgam, 4. Khansahib, 5. Khag Tehsil, 6. Charari Sharief

Newly created tahsils: 7. BK Pora and 8. Narbal.

Source - https://www.census2011.co.in/data/district/620-badgam-jammu-and-kashmir.html

Villages in Badgam tahsil

Towns: 1 Badgam, 2 Ichgam,

Villages: 1 Alaw Pora, 2 Arath, 3 Bagh Sahib Ram, 4 Banday Bagh, 5 Bata Bagh, 6 Bata Pora, 7 Bodan, 8 Chak Kali Khan, 9 Chak Wazir Punu, 10 Chanda Pora, 11 Chata Bug, 12 Chewa, 13 Chitru Danger Pora, 14 Choon, 15 Chowderi Bagh, 16 Dadna, 17 Dandusa, 18 Dard Pora, 19 Dehramana, 20 Dof Pora, 21 Doru, 22 Dunsunar, 23 Gagoo, 24 Galwan Pora, 25 Garand Kalan, 26 Garand Khurd, 27 Gojra Jagir, 28 Gota Pora, 29 Guda Sathu, 30 Gund Hanjik, 31 Guzer Gund, 32 Haker Mula, 33 Handajin , 34 Hari Pora, 35 Harji Gund, 36 Hayat Pora, 37 Heudar, 38 Hooru, 39 Ich Kot, 40 Jahama, 41 Jawal Pora, 42 Kadi Pora, 43 Kakan Maran, 44 Kamaho Pora, 45 Kargam Palachithf, 46 Karhama, 47 Kishtwar, 48 Labertal, 49 Lakhri Pora, 50 Lal Gam , 51 Lal Gund, 52 Mahwara, 53 Mamat, 54 Mira Gund, 55 Muni Popy, 56 Nadi Wan Pora, 57 Nadigam, 58 Nagrad Khah, 59 Naru, 60 Nasirullah Pora, 61 Odru, 62 Paimas, 63 Palar, 64 Parisabad Pora, 65 Patawaw , 66 Putli Bagh, 67 Rakh Arath, 68 Rakh Haker Mulla, 69 Razwan Jagir, 70 Reshi Pora, 71 Retni Pora, 72 Sabdan, 73 Sarad, 74 Sarat Pora, 75 Shah Pora, 76 Sheikh Pora, 77 Shoga Pora, 78 Sholi Pora, 79 Shopri Bagh, 80 Soi Bug, 81 Soofi Pora, 82 Sunar Gund, 83 Sundi Pora, 84 Suran Har, 85 Teki Pora, 86 Thakar Pora Jagir, 87 Tilan Pora, 88 Wadwan Jagir, 89 Wahab Pora, 90 Wara Pora, 91 Wara Sangam, 92 Watra Wani, 93 Zazah Bug, 94 Zori Bagh, 95 Zori Gund,

Source - https://www.census2011.co.in/data/subdistrict/7-budgam-badgam-jammu-and-kashmir.html

Jat Gotras


In the olden days Budgam was a part of the district of Baramulla when Srinagar itself was a constituent of the Anantnag district. It was then known as Tehsil Sri pratap. Old records also refer to the area as Pargana Deesu. The present Budgam town (the district headquarter) has a long history. According to the chronicler, Khawaja Azam Demari, the area was known as Deedmarbag and was densely populated. It is said that the population was so congested that if a goat would climb a housetop in the southern end of the habitation it would come down on the northern end covering the distance on closely connected housetops. The place many believes, owes its name, Budgam (Big Village) to this dense population.

Mehmood Ghazni, made two abortive attempts to invade Kashmir in the 11th century through the Poonch Gali, the boundary of the present district of Budgam in Khag area. In 1814 A.D. Jat Sikh ruler, Ranjit Singh of Punjab, also made his first attempt from here to capture Kashmir.

The famous Chinese traveler, Hien Tsiang, while visiting Poonch, also took this route. Punacha was one of Buddhist Kingdoms visited by Xuanzang in 633 AD. It has been identified with Punch town in Poonch District in the Jammu and Kashmir. [3]

One of the tallest personalities of Kashmir, Sheikh Noor-ud-din, popularly known as Alamdar-e-Kashmir, has traveled much in the present Budgam district and meditated at several places here. His resting place at Chrar-e-Sharief is also situated in the district. A Prominent village, Nasrullah Pora, is named after one of his distinguished disciples, Baba Nasr.

The tehsil of Chadoora has also a rich history. the famous Malik Hyder belonged to this place. Malik was a very influential landlord and a close friend of Emperor Jahangir. The emperor too reposed great trust in him. It is said that after the death of her first husband, Nur Jehan (Jahangir’s wise) was given in Malik’s custody by the Emperor before he finally married her and the woman became powerful enough to influence the decision s of the State. Malik also chronicled the history of Kashmir. He was honoured and rewarded by the Mughals for his talents. Jahangir has eloquently praised the beauty of Chadoora and mentioned in his Tuzk-e-Jahangiri, about a tree which would tremble all over if only a branch of it was pulled. The tree, he says was known as Halthal. There is no such tree present in the area or anywhere else but going by the description of the emperor, it seems that it must have been a delight to see the tree. At Chadoora is also situated the grave of Mir Shams-ud-Din Iraqi, a Shiete theologist. The counsellor of the last native ruler of Kashmir, Yusuf Shah Chak and his son, Yakub Chak’s tutor, Ali Dar also belonged to this area. The present Chadoora town was once a Kareva. Jahangir used to visit this place for hunting. He rechristained the place as Noorabad after his beloved wide but the name, was not popular upon which the king ordered reversion to its old name. Chadoora held a place of prominence during the Mughal period. The Mughals had constructed some buildings here including a small palace and an ammunition depot.

Another block of the district, Beerwah, was formerly known as Behroop after a famous spring of the same name. Beerwah is thought to be the the corrupted form of Behroop. Here is situated a cave about which it is believed that the famous Shivite philospher, Abhinav Gupt, along-with some of his associates, entered in it sometime between 10th and 11th century A.D and did not return. In 1760 A.D. the Durrani Governor, Badal Khan Khatak, constructed a fortress in Beerwah which was repaired in 1801 A.D by Abdullah Khan. In 1884 A.D the fortress was destroyed in a severe earthquake. Subsequently, the remains of the fortress also disappeared.

The prominent Aga family of Kashmir belongs to Budgam. According to an account, a famous Hakeem namely Syed Hyder came here to settle down about 150 years ago. He was pious and god fearing man. Many people came to him for spiritual guidance. After Hyder’s death, his son, Aga Syed Mehdi, donned the mantle of his father. He studied religion in Najaf (Iraq).The present Aga Sahab, the spiritual leader of the Shias, is a decendent of Aga Syed Mehdi.The family has produced a great religious man in Aga Syed Yusuf Al-Mousavi, who died in 1982. The main market in Budgam town is named after him. The village of Kanihama, the home of famous Kani Shawl, was an important trade centre during the Dogra rule.

The idols of Raja Beerwa’s period, are found in Beerwah tehsil pointing to the Shivite influence on the area.

Many areas of the Budgam district had, in the ancient days, been under the influence of Buddhism. These include Ishgan and Ishkota. The Khag block in the district is a place of enchanting beauty.

The Budgam district has produced many distinguished poets and writers of Kashmir Language. Of these, the more famous include Shama Fakir and Samad Mir, the pioneers of spiritual Kashmiri poetry (Sufiana Shairee), Abdul Ahad Azad, revolutionary poet of kashmir who also penned the history of Kashmiri literature and Ghulam Nabi Dilsoz, a well known romantic poet. Among the living literaly personalities are Ghulam Nabi Gowhar, novelist, and Moti Lal Saqi, poet, scholar and critic.

Source - https://budgam.nic.in/history/

In Rajatarangini

Rajatarangini [7] mentions ....Durlabhavardhana had many children. The queen's bad character was not known to any, and she built a monastery named Anangabhavana. An astrologer predicted that Mahlana, one of the sons of the king, would not live long, so the boy raised a god Mahlanasvami. The king bestowed a village named Chandra near the hill Vishokakota, upon the Brahmanas. He also set up a Hari named Durlabhasvami at Shrinagara, and died after a reign of thirty-six year.

Durlabhaka was son of Durlabhavardhana by queen Ananga then reigned. He assumed the name of Pratapaditya after the title of the dynasty of his maternal grandfather by whom he was adopted as his son. He had a rich minister named Oda, who built a village named Hanumata for the habitation of the Brahmanas. This powerful king built a beautiful town named Pratapapura, where merchants from many places came and settled ; and among others Nona from Rohita. This Nona built Nonamatha for the habitation of the Brahmanas of Rohita.

Rajatarangini [8] mentions ....In the year 96 (=1120 AD), on the sixth dark lunar day of Agvahayana, when there was yet one prahara of the day left, the king Sussala (b. 1072- r.1112-1127 AD) set out with his servants. At every stop, his own men deserted him and stole his horses. Thus with a few soldiers, at night, he arrived at Pratapapura. When he came to Tilaka, he confided in him and shed tears in sorrow, as before a friend. Believing that Tilaka would not rebel against him, the king went to his house at Hushkapura the next day, and honored Tilaka by performing his bath &c, in his house. The king wished to collect an army, and with a view of again obtaining the kingdom he entered Kramarajya.

Jat History

  • Vikrant Sahrawat - Sergeant Vikrant Sahrawat (B: 1986, d: 27 Feb. 2019) of Bhadani village of Jhajjar district. of Haryana was deployed in J&K when he got martyrdom in an MI-17 chopper crash in Badgam district on 27 February 2019.
  • Pankaj Nauhwar (born:?-death:27.2.2019) became martyr in a plane crash in Badgam on 27.2.2019 during a special operation. He was from Jareliya village in Raya block of Mathura district in Uttar Pradesh. He was from He was posted at Shrinagar as Airman in Indian Air Force. Six Personnel of Indian Air force lost their lives in a helicopter crash in Badgam district of J&K on 27 February 2019 during a search operation against militants. Pankaj Nauhwar was one of them.
Unit - 53 Rashtriya Rifles/49 Armoured Regiment
Unit - 2 Grenadiers


Budgam contains the only airport in Kashmir valley at Ichgam. The district's main tourist attractions are Doodhpathri, Yusmarg, Tosamaidan, Nilnag, Khag and Pehjan. District Budgam offers many stunning locales and has tremendous tourism potential that has largely remained untapped so far.

Kani Shawl adomed the caesar's court and was looked upon by Mughals and later by Nawabs as mark of nobility. In 1776, Napoleon Bonaparte presented a Kani shawl to his wife Josephine and with that took off a new fashion trend in Europe. The revered shrine of Sheikh Noor-ud-din Wali can also be found in the Charari Sharief Tehsil of Budgam district. Asia's oldest/largest Chinar resides at Chattergam Budgam. Aga Sahib Shrine and Tomb of Shams-ud-Din Araqi are also situated in this district.


बडगाम (Budgam) भारत के जम्मू और कश्मीर राज्य के बडगाम ज़िले में स्थित एक नगर है। यह ज़िले का मुख्यालय भी है।

नामोत्पत्ति - बडगाम शब्द "बड़ा ग्राम (गाँव)" का रूप है।

External links


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